Information on Iraq's Biological Warfare Program


12 November 1993

To:    Dr. John Deutch, Under secretary of Defense for 



From:  [   (b)(6)   ]    Armed Forces Medical Intelligence 

Subject:     Information on Iraq's Biological Warfare Program

1.     Prior to the Gulf War, Iraq was assessed to have a

mature biological warfare (BW) program centered at the Salman Pak

BW Facility.  Agents assessed to have been produced and weaponized

were botulinum toxin; Bacillus anthracis, the causative agent of

-anthrax; and Clostridium -perfrincens, the causative agent of gas

gangrene.  Agents suspected to he of interest to the Iraqis were

Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague; Vibrio cholerae,

Brucella species; a Rickettsia; and staphylococcal enterotoxins.

Munitions available for BW delivery were missile warheads, aerial

bombs, and commercial spray devices.

2.    The Salman Pak BW facility was assessed to be the

primary facility in the Iraqi BW program.  other facilities were

the Taji suspect BW facility; Abu Ghurayb BW Production facility 


Kindi; Abu Ghurayb Suspect BW facility; the Latifiyah suspect BW

facility, and the Baghdad Nuclear Research center at Tuwaitha.

Additional information on these facilities can be found in the

attached documents.

3.     During Desert Shield, several BW facilities were

targeted for bombing  (See Appendix I).   Approximate dates of

bombing are given in Appendix II. A map depicting site locations

can be found in Enclosure l, page 2.

4.    In addition to the confirmed and suspect production

facilities listed above, a storage site at the Salman Pak BW

Facility was bombed.   The construction characteristics of the

Salman Pak storage bunkers were used to locate several additional

bunkers throughout the country which may have been air-conditioned 

 or cooled indicating suitability for BW agent storage. These 


were listed as suspect BW storage facilities on the basis of their

construction similarities to the Salman Pak BW storage Facility.

several of these sites were also bombed.  (See Enclosure 1, page 


and page 25.

5.     A list of salman. Pak BW targets and bomb damage

assessment (BDA) is in Enclosure l, page 18.

6.     No standardized biological warfare agents are known to

produce brain tumors or other neoplasms. In general, carcinogenic

substances require many months or years to produce tumors.  


of this delayed reaction, they are not regarded as useful for

biological warfare.

7.      After the war, [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]

 Further  evidence  that  BW  agents  or

munitions were not present during allied bombing is the fact that

no credible reporting of Iraqi disease or illness consistent with

BW agent exposure, was received after the bombing.  [      (b)(1) 

sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]


-Enclosure 1,  The Iraqi Offensive Biological Warfare Program:

Before, During and After the Gulf War

Enclosure 2, Iraqi BW Capabilities              , DDX-l610-8-91

Enclosure 3, The Status of Iraq's Facilities to Produce Weapons of

Mass Destruction: A preliminary Post-War Assessment        SW 91-


Enclosure 4, Iraq's Potential for chemical and Biological Warfare

[   (b)(2)   ]

                                  APPENDIX I

         Salman Pak BW Facility


R&D, Storage and Production (Bacillus anthracis, botulinum toxin,

Clostridium perfringens)

         Taji Suspect BW Production Facility


Possible site of anthrax spore production

         Abu Ghurayb Vaccine Plant, Al Kindi


Probable site of botulinum toxin production



Possible Production (agent unknown)

         Abu Ghura-yb Suspect BW Facility.


Possible Production and Munition filling

Note:   The Iraqis reportedly were not successful in filling

artillery shells with BW agents at this site.

                                  APPENDIX II


Facility                                          Geo Coords      


Salman Pak BW Research and Production (#)         3350N 04348E    


Abu Ghurayb Suspect BW Production                  3319N 04410E'


Abu Ghurayb BW Product ion                         3318N  04412E  


Taji Suspect BW Storage                            3330N  04414E  

-  2/10*

Taji Suspect BW Production                         3333N  04418�  


Latifiyah Suspect BW Production                    3301N  04413E  



(#)  Multiple Targets, Multiple Attack Dates

*    Approximate date of attack

Note:   12-Frame Storage Bunkers bombed are denoted on DIA list 


Targets Attacked During Desert Storm" furnished to Dr. Deutch's

office by [   (b)(6)   ]


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