ACh Acetylcholine
AChE Acetylcholinesterase
BChE Butyrylcholinesterase
CCEP Comprehensive Clinical Evaluation Program
CNS Central nervous system
COPD Chronic obstruction pulmonary disease
CW Chemical warfare
DFP Diisopropyl fluorophosphate
DoD Department of Defense
EEG Electroencephalogram, a measure of brain activity
EMG Electromyography
FDA Food and Drug Administration
GABA Gamma amino butyric acid
GI Gastrointestinal
IND Investigational new drug
IOM Institute of Medicine
LD50 Lethal dose for 50 percent of subjects
MCS Multiple chemical sensitivity
NAPP Nerve Agent Pretreatment Pack
NAPS Nerve Agent Pretreatment System
NMJ Neuromuscular junction
NTE Neurotoxic esterase
OP Organophosphate
OPIDN Organophosphate induced delayed neurotoxicity
PAC Presidential Advisory Commission
2PAM Pralidoxime, a postexposure treatment for nerve agent protection
PB Pyridostigmine bromide
PGW Persian Gulf War
PNS Peripheral nervous system
PON Paraoxonase
PR Protective ratio; LD50 with treatment divided by LD50 without treatment
PTSD Posttraumatic stress disorder
RBC Red blood cell
REM Rapid eye movement
SPECT imaging Single Photon Emission Computer Tomography, a method of evaluating regional (brain) blood flow at a cross section in time
SVN Sindbis virus strain