Ainslie G. Inhalational injuries produced by smoke and nitrogen dioxide. Respir Med. 1993;87(3):169-174.
Al-Yakoob SN, Abdal Y, Nasrallah H, Al-Majed N. Exposure to particle-bound polyaromatic hydrocarbons in the Al-Mansoria residential area during the Kuwait oil fires: a qualitative appraisal of the absorption role. Environ Int. 1993;19(4):319-331.
American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Kuwait Oil Fires Conference. September 26, 1991; Cambridge, Mass. Draft final report.
Bakan AS, Chlond A, Cubasch U, et al. Climate response to smoke from the burning oil wells in Kuwait. Nature. 1991;351(6325):367-370.
Baraka ME. A foresight: the burned oil wells in Kuwait. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1992;118(6):663. Letter.
Browning KA, Allam RJ, Ballard SP, et al. Environmental effects from burning oil wells in Kuwait. Nature. 1991;351(6325):363-367.
Clark WR Jr. Smoke inhalation: diagnosis and treatment. World J Surg. 1992;16(1):24-29.
Coombe MD, Drysdale SF. Assessment of the effects of atmospheric oil pollution in post-war Kuwait. J R Army Med Corps. 1993;139(3):95-97.
Crebelli R, Fuselli S, Meneguz A, et al. In vitro and in vivo mutagenicity studies with airborne particulate extracts. Mutat Res. 1988;204:565-575.
Crespi CL, Liber HL, Behymer TD, Hites RA, Thilly WG. A human cell line sensitive to mutation by particle-borne chemicals. Mutat Res. 1985;157:71-75.
Crespi CL, Thilly WG. Mutagenesis in diploid human lymphoblasts competent for xenobiotic metabolism. Mutat Res. 1984;128:221-230.
Danish S, Madany IM. Concentrations of nitrogen dioxide throughout the state of Bahrain. Environ Pollut. 1992;77(1):71-78.
Darcey DJ, Everson RB, Putman KL, Randerath K. DNA adducts and exposure to burning oil. Lancet. 1992;339(8791):489. Letter.
Dech SW, Glaser R. Burning oil wells in Kuwait: smoke plume monitoring and effects on vegetation derived from AVHRR data. Int J Remote Sens. 1992;13(17):3243-3249.
DeFlora S, Bagnasco M, Izzotti A, D-agostini F, Pala M, Valerio F. Mutagenicity of polycyclic hydrocarbon fractions extracted from urban air particles. Mutat Res. 1989;224:305-318.
Department of Commerce. The Kuwait Oil Fires-Air Quality Data and Reports. Washington, DC: Gulf Program Office, NOAA; February 1992.
de Ratt WK. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and mutagens in ambient air particles. Tosicol Environ Chem. 1988;165:259-279.
de Ratt WK, Kooijman SALM, Gielen JWJ. Concentrations of polycyclic hydrocarbons in airborne particles in the Nederland and their correlation with mutagenicity. Sci Total Environ. 1989;66:95-114.
El-Shobokshy MS, Al-Tamrah SA, Hussain FM. Inhalable particulates and meteorological characteristics of the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Atmos Environ. 1990;24B:261-265.
EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). Kuwait Oil Fires: Interagency Interim Report. Washington, DC: EPA; 1991.
Friedman GK. Health experience of fire fighters. National Institutes of Health Technology Assessment Workshop on the Persian Gulf Experience and Health; April 27, 1994; Bethesda, Md. Presentation.
Hahn J. Environmental effects of the Kuwait oil field fires. Environ Sci Technol. 1991;25(9):1530-1532.
Haponik EF. Clinical smoke inhalation injury: pulmonary effects. Occup Med. 1993;8(3):430-468.
Hobbs PV, Radke LF. Airborne studies of the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires. Science. 1992;256(5059):987-991.
Horgan J. Burning questions-scientists launch studies of Kuwait's oil fires. Sci Am. 1991;265:17-24.
Horgan J. The danger from Kuwait's air pollution. Sci Am. 1991;265(4):30. News.
Horgan J. Up in flames-Kuwait's burning oil wells are a sad test of theories. Sci Am. 1991;264:7-9.
Husain T, Khan SM. Air monitoring network program in Saudi Arabia. Sci Total Environ. 1982;41-46.
Johnson DW, Kilsby CG, McKenna DS, et al. Airborne observations of the physical and chemical characteristics of the Kuwait oil smoke plume. Nature. 1991;353(6345):617-621.
Kelsey KT, Xia F, Bodell WJ, et al. Genotoxicity to human cells induced by air particulates isolated during the Kuwait oil fires. Environ Res. 1994;64(1):18-25.
Kennedy JM. Smoke billows from Wafra oil field torched by Iraqi troops. LA Times. January 24. 1991:A7. [AP photo story].
Kennedy JM, Healy M. 150 wells set ablaze. LA Times. February 23, 1991:A1.
Khattack MN. Natural and anthropogenic atmospheric particulates at UPM campus, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. J Air Pollut Control Assoc. 1982;32:1153-1155.
LA Times. Black rain on Bushehr Province of Iran. LA Times. January 24, 1991:A7.
Lewtas J. Genotoxicity of complex mixtures: strategies for the identification and comparative assessment of airborne mutagens and carcinogens from combustion sources. Fundam Appl Tosicol. 1988;10:571-589.
Meteorology and Environmental Protection Administration. Environmental impact of oil burning in the Kuwaiti oilfields: a preliminary evaluation. Expert Meeting on the Atmospheric Part of the Emergency Response to the Kuwait Oilfield Fires: The World Meteorological Organization; April 27-30, 1991; Geneva.
Moller M, Alfheim I, Larssen S, Mikalsen A. Mutagenicity of airborne particles in relation to traffic and air pollution parameters. Environ Sci Technol. 1982;16:221-225.
Mulholland G, Benner B, Fletcher R, Steel E, Wise S, May W. Analysis of Some Samples from Oil Well Fires in Kuwait. Gaithersburg, Md: Report Submitted to US Department of Commerce, NOAA; 1991. Report to Test FR 3985.
Nasralla MM. Air pollution in the semitropical Saudi urban area. Environ Int. 1983;9:255-264.
Orzel RA. Toxicological aspects of fire smoke: polymer pyrolysis and combustion. Occup Med. 1993;8(3):414-429.
Porter HO. Aviators intoxicated by inhalation JP-5 fuel vapors. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1990;61(7):654-656.
Raveendran E, Al-Mahmood AM. Trace metals in the atmosphere of Bahrain during the Kuwait oil fires. Environ Technol. 1992;13(11):1097-1100.
Rayman RB, McNaughton GB. Smoke/fumes in the cockpit. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1983;54(8):738-740.
Readman JW, Fowler SW, Vileneuve UP, Cattini C, Oregioni B, Mee LD. Oil and combustion-product contamination of the Gulf marine environment following the war. Nature. 1992;358(6388)662-665.
Renner MG. Military victory, ecological defeat. Environ Prof. 1991;13(3):285-288.
Riley JJ, Hicks NG, Thompson TL. Effect of Kuwait oil field fires on human comfort and environment in Jubail, Saudi Arabia. Int J Biometeorol. 1992;36(1):36-38.
Rosenwicz B. Iraqis set fire to oil sites in Kuwait. Wall St J. January 23, 1991:A3.
Rowe DR, Al-Dhowalia KH, Mansour ME. Indoor-outdoor nitric oxide and nitrogen dioxide concentrations at three sites in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Air Waste Manage Assoc. 1991;41(7):973-976.
Shusterman DJ. Clinical smoke inhalation injury: systemic effects. Occup Med. 1993;8(3):469-503.
Simons M. British study disputes lengthy climatic role for Kuwait oil fires. NY Times. April 16, 1991: C4(L).
Small RD. Environmental impacts of fires in Kuwait. Nature. 1991;350:11-12.
Spengler J. "Harvard School of Public Health's Kuwait Oil first investigations." Cambridge, Mass: Kuwait Oil Fires Conference; August 12-14, 1991. Abstract.
Stern MA, Eckman J, Offermann MK. Aplastic anemia after exposure to burning oil. N Engl J Med. July 7, 1994. Letter.
Stevens R, Pinto J, Mamane Y, et al. Chemical and physical properties of emissions from Kuwaiti oil fires. Water Sci Technol. 1993;27(7-8):223-233.
Suess MJ. The environmental load and cycle of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Sci Total Environ. 1976;6:239-250.
Tokiwa H, Kitamori S, Horikawa K, Nakagawa R. Some findings on the mutagenicity in airborne particulate pollutants. Environ Mutagen. 1983;5:87-100.
Tupper CR. Chemical hazards in aeromedical aircraft. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1989;60(1):73-75.
United Nations. Kuwait. New York, NY: United Nations Department of Public Health, DPI/1157-40831; September 1991.
US Army Environmental Hygiene Agency (USAEHA). Interim Kuwait Oil Fire Health Risk Assessment, No. 39-26-L192-91, 5 May - 15 September 1991. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md: USAEHA; 1992.
USAEHA. Final Report - Kuwait Oil Fire Health Risk Assessment, No. 39-26-L192-91, 5 May - 3 December 1991. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md: USAEHA; 1994.
USAEHA. Biological Surveillance Initiative. Appendix F of Final Report Kuwait Oil Fire Health Risk Assessment, No. 39-26-L192-91, 5 May - 3 December 1991. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md: USAEHA; 1994.
US interagency team proposes program to quantify effects of Kuwait oil fires. J Air Waste Manage Assoc. 1991;41(6):852-853. News.
Zhukov GA. The consequences of the war in the Persian Gulf region (a review of the literature). Voen Med Zh. 1992;(12):17-19.
Zonn IS. The Gulf War and the problem of desertification. Probl Osvo Pustyn. 1991;(3-4):133-144.
Table of Contents