GulfLINK banner
Site Map | Search | Contact Us
Case Narratives
Environmental Exposure Reports
Information Papers
RAND Reports
Press Releases
Medical Information
The 1990-1991 Gulf War Story
Related Sites
Depleted Uranium
Pyridostigmine Bromide

The Iowa Persian Gulf Study Group. Self-reported illness and Health Status Among Gulf War Veterans. A Population � Based Study. JAMA 1997; 277: 238-245.

This study studied a sample of the 28,968 Iowans from the National Guard, Reserve, or active component who were on active duty during the Gulf War. A stratified random sample selected 4,886 subjects of whom 3,695 (76%) completed a structured telephone interview. Participants were asked about symptoms, health status, and exposures during the GW. Compared to those who did not deploy, personnel deployed to the Gulf reported significantly higher prevalence rates of symptoms of depression, PTSD, chronic fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, bronchitis, asthma, fibromyalgia, alcohol abuse, anxiety, and sexual discomfort. Most of the self-reported GW exposures were significantly related to many of the medical and psychiatric conditions. Personnel who served in Iraq, Saudi Arabia, or Kuwait were significantly associated with depression, cognitive dysfunction, and fibromyalgia, compared with those who were stationed elsewhere in the theater. The authors discuss the several possible interpretations of the associations found. They note that their study included a wide range of diagnoses more likely to be evaluated in outpatient settings, an advantage over other studies which used hospitalization data. Limitations of the study are: the possibility that a study of Iowans may not be generalizable; internal validation of responses was not done; medical conditions are based on self-reports of the participants and they have not been validated by objective physical or laboratory findings; and, the multiple comparisons in the analysis could have revealed statistically significant relationships by chance alone.

Return to Medical Research and Publications Defining Illnesses

DHA Address: 7700 Arlington Boulevard | Suite 5101 | Falls Church, VA | 22042-5101

Some documents are presented in Portable Document Format (PDF). A PDF reader is required for viewing.

Download a PDF Reader or learn more about PDFs.