Stretch, R.H. et al. Physical Health Symptomatology of Gulf War-Era Service Personnel from the States of Pennsylvania and Hawaii. Military Medicine 1995; 160: 131-136.
Congressionally-mandated questionnaire survey of veterans
(active, reserve, Guard) in Pennsylvania and Hawaii to assess the health
and adjustment of GW veterans. Questionnaires were mailed to, and distributed
through, units. Response rate was 31%. Of the 4,334 respondents, 1524
deployed to the PG, 215 elsewhere, and 2,512 did not deploy. Symptoms
within the previous month were recorded. Deployed veterans reported significantly
more physical health symptoms than non-deployed veterans. The difference
cannot be explained by reasons other than deployment alone. Deployers
reported more physician visits during the previous two weeks than non-deployers.
Limitations of the study are the low response rate, the unit-based method
of distributing the questionnaires, and the absence of objective measures
of health status.