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File: cia_62647_61898_01.txt
Page: 01
Total Pages: 1

Subject: MUSTARD GAS USED BY IRAQ IN WAR WITH IRAN 
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence 
 
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN 
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN 
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF 
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON 
REQUEST. 
 
 
 
 
                      CIA 223708 
 
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 
DIST:  1990 
 
COUNTRY: IRAQ/IRAN 
 
SUBJ: 1. PROPERTIES OF MUSTARD GAS USED BY IRAQ IN WAR WITH 
IRAN 
 
2. ASSESSMENT OF EFFECTIVENESS OF IRAQI MUSTARD GAS 
 
DOI: 
 
TEXT: 1 
 
               THE IRAQI ARMY USED AN UNIDENTIFIED SILICA 
        COMPOUND IMPREGNATED WITH MUSTARD GAS ON    IRANIAN 
TROOPS. THE IRAQI ARMY DELIVERED THE MUSTARD GAS IN                
WHITE PHOSPHOROUS SHELLS.                              WHILE 
THE USE OF SILICA IN THE SHELLS 
     REDUCED THE AMOUNT OF MUSTARD GAS  THAT COULD BE LOADED 
INTO THE WARHEAD, IT ACTUALLY DECREASED THE EFFECTIVE DOSE 
RATE THEREBY INCREASING BY FIVE TIMES THE EFFECTIVENESS OF 
THE MUSTARD GAS DELIVERED. 
               IT WAS ALSO NOTICED THAT IRANIAN SOLDIERS 
EXPOSED TO MUSTARD GAS SUFFERED UNUSUALLY HIGH AMOUNTS AND 
NUMBERS OF RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS FOLLOWING EXPOSURE WHILE 
DISPLAYING LESS THAN EXPECTED AMOUNTS OF BLISTERED SKIN 
DAMAGE. 
 
ACQ:           1990) 
 
END OF MESSAGE 
 
 
                1.5(c) 
                62647:61898 
 
 

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