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File: cia_70491_70490_01.txt
Page: 01
Total Pages: 1

Subject: AL-MANA AL  BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS PROJECT  
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence 
 
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN 
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN 
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF 
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON 
REQUEST. 
 
CITE CIA 325352 
 
 
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 
 
OCTOBER  1993 
 
COUNTRY; IRAQ 
 
SUBJECT: AL-MANA AL  BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS PROJECT 
 
 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF A LETHAL VIRUS (NFI) WAS 
INITIATED AT IRAQ'S AL-MANA AL FACILITY.  ACCORDING TO  
APPROXIMATELY 55 PEOPLE WORKED UNIMPEDED ON THIS PROJECT 
THROUGHOUT THE GULF WAR UNTIL AT LEAST   1992.  ASIDE FROM 
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE VIRUS, EXPERIMENTS WERE 
CONDUCTED TO SIMULATE EXPLOSIVE DISSEMINATION FROM ARTILLERY 
SHELLS AND BOMBS. 
 
3. AL-MANA AL IS LOCATED OFF THE AL-DAWRAH EXPRESSWAY, SOUTH 
OF THE AL-RASHID ARMY BARRACKS, AND NEAR AN OIL REFINERY. 
COMMENT- THE SITE IS APPROXIMATELY 15 MINUTES SOUTH OF 
BAGHDAD.  AL-MANA AL WAS BUILT IN A FARM AREA WHICH CAN BE 
REACHED BY TRAVELING APPROXIMATELY 20-25 MINUTES EAST ON THE 
DIRT ROAD OPPOSITE THE. ZUBAYDAH/DANRAH CITY EXIT OF THE -
DAWRAH EXPRESSWAY.) 
 
4. THE AL-MANA FACILITY CONSISTS OF THREE SEPARATE 
COMPLEXES.  THE FIRST, WHICH IS NEAREST TO THE ROAD, HAS A 
SIGN INDICATING THAT IT BELONGS TO IRAQ'S MINISTRY OF 
AGRICULTURE.  THE MAIN DOOR FACES THE STREET 
 
THE SECOND COMPLEX IS SEPARATED FROM THE MAIN BUILDING BY A 
DIRT AREA AND IS REFERRED TO AS  THE "ZONE." THIS BUILDING 
CONTAINS LABORATORIES WHICH ARE USED FOR RESEARCH AND 
DEVELOPMENT, ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS, AND WORK ON SMALL SCALE 
BIOLOGICAL WARFARE (BW) AGENT DISSEMINATION USING EXPLOSIVES 
OR AEROSOLS EXPERIMENTS WHICH SIMULATED EXPLOSIVE CONDITIONS 
SUBJECTED THE VIRUS TO HEAT, COLD, AND PRESSURE. 
THE THIRD SET OF BUILDINGS IS LOCATED BEHIND THE SECOND. 
THESE BUILDINGS HOUSE THE POWER GENERATORS, HEATING PUMPS, 
AND PURE WATER STORAGE CONTAINERS USED TO SUPPORT 
EXPERIMENTS IN THE ZONE. 


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