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File: cia_70534_70533_01.txt
Page: 01
Total Pages: 1

Subject: IRAQI FACILITIES AT HABBANIYAH AND SAMARA  
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence 
 
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN 
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN 
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF 
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON 
REQUEST. 
 
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 
--------------------------- 
NOT FINALLY EVALUATED  INTELLIGENCE. 
  
FEBRUARY 1991 
 
COUNTRY: IRAQ 
 
SUBJ: IRAQI FACILITIES AT HABBANIYAH AND SAMARA 
 
TEXT: 1 IRAQ PRODUCES MUSTARD GAS AT A FACILITY IN 
HABBANIYAH THE FACTORY PRODUCED (CH2CLCH)2S FOR-USE-AGAINST 
THE IRANIANS DURING THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR.                  
COMMENT: THIS IS THE CHEMICAL COMPOUND FOR THE BLISTER 
AGENT, MUSTARD GAS.) THE PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF THE FACTORY 
IS 60-80 TONNES PER YEAR.  ALL THE RAW MATERIALS ARE 
INDIGENOUS. 
 
2. THE SAMARA DRYING INDUSTRIES PLANT ALSO IS A CHEMICAL 
WARFARE FACILITY AND PRODUCES NERVE AGENTS.  THE FACTORY IS 
LOCATED ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE MALWIYA, AT SAMARA, 120 
KILOMETERS NORTH OF BAGHDAD. THE PLANT WAS BUILT           0 
PRODUCE PHARMACEUTICALS,  BUT   WAS TAKEN` OVER BY THE - 
STATE ORGANIZATION OF TECHNICAL INDUSTRIES (SOTI).  SOTI 
EXPANDED IT AND CONVERTED IT INTO A CHEMICAL WARFARE 
FACILITY.  A SIMILAR FACILITY EXISTS IN DOUR, 25 KILOMETERS 
NORTH OF SAMARA DRYING INDUSTRIES AND ABOUT 3 KILOMETERS 
EAST OF THE TIGRIS RIVER.

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