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File: cia_70562_70562_01.txt
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Subject: IRAQI CHEMICAL WEAPONS PROGRAM. 
 
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence 
 
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN 
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN 
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF 
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON 
REQUEST. 
 
JUL 91 
 
JUL 91 
FM CIA 
 
 
CITE CIA 7061407 
 
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 
--------------------------- 
NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE. 
 
JULY 1991 
 
COUNTRY: IRAQ 
 
SUBJ: HISTORY AND STATUS OF THE IRAQI CHEMICAL WEAPONS 
PROGRAM. 
 
TEXT: 1. THE HISTORY OF THE IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE 
PROGRAM AND ON THE STATUS OF THE PROGRAM AS OF JUNE 1991. 
THE INITIAL IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE PROGRAM WAS BASED ON A 
STUDY PRODUCED IN THE MID-1970S COMPANIES,HAD BEEN INVOLVED 
IN THE LATE 1970S AND EARLY 1980S WITH BUILDING THE CHEMICAL 
FACILITIES--USUALLY UNDER THE GUISE OF INSECTICIDE OR 
CIVILIAN CHEMICAL PLANTS. ONE OF THE EARLY, MAIN CHEMICAL 
WARFARE DEVELOPMENT FACILITIES WAS LOCATED AT A SITE 80 
KILOMETERS NORTHWEST OF BAGHDAD NEAR BUHAYRAT (LAKE) 
THARTHAR, WEST OF SAM-ULRA.  THERE WERE 27 CHEMICAL REACTORS 
WHICH WERE UTILIZED FOR THE CREATION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS. 
DURING THE MID-1980S, BUILT  NINE ADDITIONAL CHEMICAL 
REACTORS FOR WEAPONS PURPOSES AT A SITE CONCEALED IN A 
CIVILIAN CHEMICAL FACTORY ON THE NORTHWEST OUTSKIRTS OF 
BAGHDAD. 
 
 
2. DURING THE MID-19801S,          BUILT AN ADDITIONAL SIX 
UNDERGROUND CHEMICAL REACTORS FOR WEAPONS DEVELOPMENT AT A 
SITE LOCATED SOUTH OF SINJAR MOUNTAIN IN NORTHWESTERN IRAQ.  
ANOTHER CHEMICAL WEAPONS REACTOR SITE WAS LOCATED BETWEEN 
TIKRTT AND BA'IJI, IRAQ NEAR THE TIGRIS RIVER. 
 
3. DURING DECEMBER 1990, THE IRAQI LEADERSHIP (NFI) ORDERED 
THE DISBURSEMENT OF THE CHEMICAL REACTORS AND WEAPONS-
DEVELOPMENT-RELATED EQUIPMENT TO A VARIETY OF SITES, 
                                                                      
COALITION BOMBING WAS EFFECTIVE IN DESTROYING CHEMICAL 
WEAPONS STORAGE AREAS, AND SOME CHEMICAL DEVELOPMENT 
REACTORS AND BUILDINGS. 
 
 

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