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File: cia_70576_70576_01.txt
Page: 01
Total Pages: 1

Subject: IRAQI FACILITIES AT HABBANTYAH AND SAMARRA  
Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence 
 
TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN 
REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN 
TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF 
THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON 
REQUEST. 
 
FM CIA 
CITE CIA 535031 
 
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 
 
NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE 
FEBRUARY 1991 
 
COUNTRY: IRAQ 
 
SUBJ: IRAQI FACILITIES AT HABBANTYAH AND SAMARRA 
                                                                
IRAQ PRODUCES MUSTARD GAS AT A FACILITY IN HABBANTYAH  
THE FACTORY PRODUCED (CH2CLCH)2S FOR USE AGAINST THE 
IRANIANS DURING THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR. COMMENT:. THIS IS 
THE CHEMICAL COMPOUND FOR THE BLISTER AGENT MUSTARD GAS.) 
THE PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF THE FACTORY IS 60-80 TONNES PER 
YEAR.  ALL THE RAW MATERIALS ARE INDIGENOUS. 
 
2. THE SAMARRA DRYING INDUSTRIES PLANT ALSO IS A CHEMICAL 
WARFARE FACILITY AND PRODUCES NERVE AGENTS.  THE FACTORY IS 
LOCATED ON THE EASTERN SIDE OF THE MALATYA.  AT SAMARRA. 120 
KILOMETERS NORTH OF BAGHDAD.  THE PLANT WAS BUILT TO PRODUCE 
PHARMACEUTICALS, BUT WAS TAKEN OVER BY THE STATE 
ORGANIZATION OF TECHNICAL INDUSTRIES (SOTI).  SOTI EXPANDED 
IT AND CONVERTED IT INTO A CHEMICAL WARFARE FACILITY.  A 
SIMILAR FACILITY EXISTS IN DOUR, 25 KILOMETERS NORTH OF 
SAMARRA DRYING INDUSTRIES AND ABOUT 3 KILOMETERS EAST OF THE 
TIGRIS RIVER 


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