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SERIAL:  (U) IIR 2 340 0306 91.




/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/

COUNTRY:   (U) IRAQ (IZ).

SUBJECT:      IIR 2 340 0306 91/ IRAQI CHEMICAL MUNITIONS,
MANUFACTURING LOCATIONS, AND STORAGE FACILITIES (U).

WARNING:   (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED
INTELLIGENCE. 


-                       DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE


DOI:       (U) 900600.

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[b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]

SUMMARY:                 THIS REPORT FORWARDS INFORMATION
CONCERNING AM IRAQI CHEMICAL AGENT AND ITS ANTIDOTE, THE LOCATIONS
OF CHEMICAL MUNITIONS STORAGE FACILITIES AND MANUFACTURING PLANTS,
AND ONE TYPE OF CHEMICAL MUNITIONS DELIVERY SYSTEM.
TEXT:  1.                 IRAQI MUSTARD GAS--IRAQI FORCES HAD AN
EXTREMELY POTENT GAS CALLED "KHARDAL" IN ARABIC.  (FLDCMT--KHARDAL
TRANSLATES IN ENGLISH AS MUSTARD.)  THE GAS WAS ORIGINALLY
MANUFACTURED IN THE SOVIET UNION BUT IS NOW MADE IN SAMARAH, IZ
//3412N04352E//.  SYMPTOMS OF EXPOSURE INCLUDE BLEEDING FROM THE
EYES, EARS, AND NOSE TWO MINUTES AFTER EXPOSURE.

2.                 MUSTARD GAS ANTIDOTE--THE IRAQIS POSSESSED A
SOVIET-MADE ANTIDOTE FOR THE GAS.  THE ANTIDOTE WAS ADMINISTERED
VIA AN AUTO-INJECTOR WHICH CONSISTED OF A SMALL NEEDLE CONNECTEDTO
A BULB.  THE BULB'S DIAMETER WAS APPROXIMATELY THREE QUARTERS OF�INCH, AND ITS LENGTH WAS APPROXIMATELY ONE INCH.  THE INSTRUCTIONS

ON THE ANTIDOTE WERE WRITTEN IN RUSSIAN.  ( [b.1. sec 1.5.(c)]      SOMEIRAQIS
WHO READ RUSSIAN INDICATEO THE EXPIRATION DATES ON THE ANTIDOTES
RANGED FROM 1940 TO 1959.)  IRAQI SOLDIERS FROM SOME UNITS DID NOT
USE THE ANTIDOTE AS A RESULT OF THE HIGH RATE OF USER FATALITIES.
([b.1. sec. 1.5(c)]  COULD NOT DETERMINE THE CAUSE OF THE FATALITIES.
POSSIBLE REASONS INCLUDED INCORRECT USAGE, EXPIRED SHELF LIFE OF
THE ANTIDOTE, OR POISONED COMPONENTS OF THE ANTIDOTE.  ANOTHER
POSSIBILITY WAS THE ANTIDOTE WAS A PLACEBO AND THE GAS WAS
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FATALITIES.)

3.        IRAQI MANUFACTURE OF CHEMICAL
MUNITIONS--CHEMICALS WERE MANUFACTURED IN SAMARAH, THENTRANSPORTED
TO VARIOUS FACTORIES AND STORAGE FACILITIES WHERE THE CHEMICALS
WERE MATED WITH THE MUNITIONS AND THEN STORED.  ANOTHER CHEMICAL
MANUFACTURING PLANT WAS LOCATED WEST OF THE TIKRIT/BAIJI ROAD.  THE
CHEMICAL PLANT WAS CALLED A FERTILIZER PLANT, BUT IT ACTUALLY
PRODUCED PRODUCTS FOR CHEMICAL WEAPONS.  ( [b.1. sec.1.5.(c)]     COULDNOT
REMEMBER IF THE PLANT WAS NORTH OR SOUTH OF BAIJI; HOWEVER, [b.1. sec.1.5.(c)] INDICATED THE HIGHWAY HAD BEEN REROUTED TO TAKE TRAFFICFURTHER

EAST OF THE PLANT.)  THIS PLANT HAD ITS OWN POWER STATION EQUIPPED
WITH FOUR STEAMSTACKS.
4.                 STORAGE OF CHEMICAL MUNITIONS--THERE WERE A
NUMBER OF CHEMICAL STORAGE FACILITIES IN THE VICINITY OF BAGHOAD.
THE MAJORITY OF THE  FACILITIES WERE UNDERGROUND WITH DECOY
FACILITIES ABOVE GROUND.  MANY OF THE DECOY FACILITIES WERE
SLAUGHTER HOUSES AND CHICKEN FACTORIES. [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]   --CHICKEN
FACTORIES COVERED POULTRY PRODUCTION FROM HATCHERY TOPACKAGING.)
    A.                 ONE CHEMICAL STORAGE FACILITY WAS LOCATED
EAST OF DORA IN SOUTHEAST BAGHDAD.  IT WAS BORDERED BY THE TIGRIS
RIVER ON THE EAST AND THE DORA EKPRESSWAY ON THE WEST.  A CHICKEN
FACTORY AND A SLAUGHTER HOUSE WERE LOCATED DVER THIS COMPLEX.
CONVENTIONAL MUNITIONS WERE ALSO STORED AT THIS FACILITY.
    B.                 A CHEMICAL MUNITIONS STORAGE FACILITY WAS
LOCATED IN THE ABANDONED CUSTOMS WAREHOUSES.  THERE WERE
APPROXIMATELY NINE BUILDINGS WHICH WERE FORMERLY USED BY IRAQI
CUSTOMS OFFICIALS AS A CLEARING FACILITY.  THESE BUILDINGS WERE
LOCATED HALFWAY BETWEEN BAGHDAD AND ABU GHARI8, NORTH OF
 HIGHWAY 10
AND SOUTH OF AN U/I HIGHWAY STILL UNDER CONSTRUCTION.  ROADS INSIDE
THE BUILDINGS LED TO UNDERGROUND CHEMICAL STORAGE FACILITIES.  THE
BUILDINGS GARAGED THE SPECIAL VEHICLES USED TO DELIVER THECHEMICAL
ROUNDS TO THE AIR FORCE, ARTILLERY, OR OTHER ELEMENTS.
    C.                 AN UNDERGROUND CHEMICAL STORAGE FACILITY WAS
LOCATED ONE-THIRD OF THE DISTANCE FROM ZAKHU TO DAHOOK,
APPROXIMATELY 500 METERS TO THE WEST OF THE ZAKHU/DAHOOK ROAD.
ABOVE THIS FACILITY IS AN ABANDONED CHICKEN FARM.  THE CHICKEN FARM
WAS ORIGINALLY BUILT BY BIG DOSHMAN COMPANY, A DUTCH COMPANY,
BETWEEN 1978 AND 1979.  THE BUILDINGS REMAIN; HOWEVER, THE
INTERIORS HAVE BEEN GUTTEO.
    D.                 THERE WAS A WEAPONS/AMMUNITION STORAGE DEPOT
IN THE MOUNTAINS NORTH OF JALULA.  AT THIS COMPOUND WERE SOME
BUNKERS SURROUNDED BY TIGHT SECURITY.  [b.1. sec 1.5.(c)]     --NO ONE WAS
ALLOWED NEAR THE BUNKERS, AND QUESTIONS ABOUT THE BUNKERS WERENOT
PERMITTED.)    [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]  BELIEVED THE BUNKERS CONTAINED EITHER
CHEMICAL OR MISSILE MUNITIONS.)  THE BUNKER AREA WAS ENCLOSED BYA
PHYSICAL BARRIER CONSISTING OF TWO BARBED WIRE FENCES SEPARATED BY
A ROLL OF CONCERTINA WIRE.  THERE WERE MANY CHECKPOINTS LOCATED
THROUGHOUT THIS HIGH SECURITY AREA.

5.                  CHEMICAL MUNITIONS DELIVERY SYSTEM [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]
         AT LEAST FOUR DIFFERENT TYPES OF MISSILES IN THE IRAQI
INVENTORY--AL HUSSEIN, ABI BIL, AL HIJRAH, AND HAMZA.  THE HAMZA
WAS A SECRET MISSILE THAT HAD TWELVE CHEMICAL WARHEADS.  NFI.

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