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File: 970613_23402803_91d_txt_0001.txt
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OPER/DESERT STORM//

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SERIAL:   (U) IIR 2 340 2803 91.


PASS:     (U)

COUNTRY:  (U) KUWAIT(KU); IRAQ(IZ).

SUBJECT:     IIR 2 340 2803 91/434BDE/26ID DEFENSIVE CHEMICAL DATA (U).

WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED
INTELLIGENCE.  

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                         DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
--------------------------------------------------------------------

DOI:      (U) 910224.

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SUMMARY:          IRAQI SOLDIERS APATHETIC TOWARDS DEFENSIVE MEASURES
AGAINST CHEMICAL WARFARE.

TEXT:  1.           CHEMICAL PROTECTIVE AND DECONTIMINATION
EQUIPMENT - EACH SOLDIER IN THE 434 BDE HAS A YUGOSLAVIAN M59 OR
ROMANIAN MADE PROTECTIVE MASK.  EACH MASK IS IN GOOD CONDITION.
PROTECTIVE MASKS ARE INEFFECTIVE AGAINST MIXED CHEMICAL MUNITIONS.
ALONG WITH THE PROTECTIVE MASK, EACH SOLDIER HAS A BULGARIAN OR
YUGOSLAVIAN LPD SKIN AND EQUIPMENT DECONTAMINATION KIT.  EACH KIT
WILL DECONTAMINATE AN AREA OF APPROXIMATELY 500 SQUARECENTIMETERS.
NO PERSONNEL HAVE CHEMICAL SUITS AND ONLY 10% OF THE PERSONNELHAVE A
CHEMICAL CAPE. EACH SOLDIER HAS RUBBER GLOVES AND RUBBER BOOTS OF
YUGOSLAVIAN ORIGIN.  THE STORAGE AND CARE OF THIS EQUIPMENT AREVERY´┐ŻCAPES ARE OFTEN USED AS GROUND COVER.  AL QASER POWDER, TWO THIRDS
SALT, SOLUTION NUMBER ONE AND SOLUTION NUMBER TWO ARE FOUR ITEMSUSED
IN THE DECONTAMINATION OF VEHICLES.  IF THESE FOUR ITEMS ARE NOT
AVAILABLE, OTHER SOLUTIONS ARE USED SUCH AS PETROL AND BENZINE.ALSO
DUE TO THE LACK OF OVER ALL DEFENSIVE CHEMICAL EQUIPMENT, THE
CHEMICAL PLATOON NORMALLY ASSIGNED AT BRIGADE LEVEL IS NOWASSIGNED
AT CORPS LEVEL.
2.           DEFENSIVE TRAINING AND REACTIVE MEASURES TOWARDS
CHEMICAL WARFARE - TRAINING IS VERY DIFFICULT TO PERFORM DUE TO THE
CONSTANT MOVEMENT OF THE UNIT WHICH REQUIRES THE UNIT TO SPENDTIME
FORTIFYING UNIT LOCATIONS.  DUE TO APATHY, THERE IS A LACK OF
INTEREST TOWARDS EFFECTIVE TRAINING.  ALARM SYSTEMS USED AT THETIME
OF ATTACK ARE FLARES, TELEPHONE AND RADIO.  A VERBAL COMMAND OF"GAS"
IS USED WHEN THE TELEPHONE IS USED.  NUMBER CODES ARE USED WHEN THE
RADIO IS USED TO WARN OF ATTACK.  333 IS USED FOR CHEMICAL ATTACK,
777 IS USED FOR NUCLEAR ATTACK AND 999 IS USED FOR THE ALL CLEAR
SIGN.  THESE CODES WERE PUT INTO EFFECT JUST PRIOR TO THE
SURRENDERING OF THE 434 BRIGADE.  FIRST AID MEASURES IN THE CASE OF
CHEMICAL ATTACKS INCLUDE ATROPINE OF SWEDISH ORIGIN FOR NERVEAGENT
AND A CREAM FOR THE SKIN FOR MUSTARD AGENT.  IF THERE ISANTICIPATION
OF PASSING THROUGH A RADIOACTIVE AREA, A CYSTAMINE PILL IS TAKEN
WHICH IS GOOD FOR A SIX HOUR PERIOD.
3.           MINISTRY OF MILITARY INDUSTRY - AS OF 1987, THE THREE
MINISTRIES OF HEAVY INDUSTRY, LIGHT INDUSTRY AND SPECIAL SECURITY
DEPARTMENT HAVE BEEN COMBINED TO FORM THE MINISTRY OF MILITARY
INDUSTRY.  ALSO FALLING UNDER THIS MINISTRY IS THE GENERAL TECHNICAL
INDUSTRY CORPORATION.  IT IS UNDER THIS SECTOR OF THE MINISTRY OF
MILITARY INDUSTRY THAT CHEMICALS FOR WARFARE PURPOSES AREPRODUCED.
THE MINISTER FOR THIS SECTOR IS HUSSEIN ((KAMIL)).  KNOWN CHEMICAL
PLANT IS LOCATED NEAR SAMARRA, //GEOCOORD: 341200N0435200E//, IZ.


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