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File: 970613_310890_D_txt_0001.txt
Page: 0001
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[b.2]







/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/

SUBJECT:  CRISIS ORDER OF BATTLE (U)




[b.1. sec 1.5(c)]






5'  (U) CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE:
A.      AGENTS.  THE IRAQIS POSSESS FOUR CONFIRMED CW AGENTS AND ARE
KNOWN TO BE DEVELOPING THREE OTHERS.  ALL THE CONFIRMED AGENTS
WERE
USED DURING THE IRAN/IRAQ WAR AND INCLUDE THE NERVE AGENTS, TABUN,
SARIN AND GF, AND THE BLISTER AGENT MUSTARD IN LIQUID FORM AND
IMPREGNATED ON DUST.  OTHER CW AGENTS IN DEVELOPMENT INCLUDE THE
PERSISTENT NERVE AGENT VX, THE SEMIPERSISTENT NERVE AGENT SOMAN,
AND
THE HALLUCINOGEN BZ.  PRESENTLY, IRAQ IS ASSESSED TO BE ON THE VERGE
OF PRODUCING VX IF IT HAS NOT DONE SO ALREADY.  THE TECHNOLOGY IS
AVAILABLE AND THE PRECURSOR CHEMICALS FOR VX HAVE BEEN IN PLACE
TO
PRODUCE HUNDREDS OF TONS SINCE 1988.
B.      CHEMICAL WEAPONS.  THE IRAQIS ARE CAPABLE OF DELIVERING CW
AGENTS BY MORTAR, A VARIETY OF TUBE ARTILLERY, SURFACE-TO-SURFACE
ROCKETS, AIR-TO-SURFACE ROCKETS, AND AERIAL BOMBS.
C.   DIA BELIEVES    IRAQ HAS CHEMICAL WARHEADS FOR ITS SURFACE-TO-
SURFACE FROG, SCUD AND/OR SCUD-TYPES VARIANTS MISSILES.  THE NUMBER
OF WARHEADS IS UNKNOWN BUT BELIEVED TO BE LIMITED.  PERSISTENT
AGENTS MUSTARD AND VX (IF AVAILABLE), OR SEMI-PERSISTENT AGENTS GF
AND TABUN, WOULD BE THE MOST LIKELY AGENTS.  A CW WARHEAD ON
SURFACE-TO-SURFACE MISSILE WAS TESTED EARLIER THIS YEAR.
D.      IRAQ IS A KNOWN PRODUCER OF BW AGENTS ANTHRAX AND BOTULINUM
TOXIN.  BAGHDAD HAS THE TECHNOLOGICAL ABILITY TO WEAPONIZE THESE
AGENTS AND MAY ALREADY HAVE A LIMITED NUMBER OF BW MUNITIONS. 
DIA
BELIEVES IRAQ WILL HAVE DEPLOYED MUNITIONS FILLED WITH THESE BW
AGENTS BY THE END OF 1990.
E.      DIA BELIEVES THAT IRAQ MAY HAVE DEPLOYED CHEMICAL MUNITIONS
SOON AFTER THE INVASION OF KUWAIT AND MAY HAVE MOVED CHEMICAL
ARTILLERY AND AIR DELIVERABLE CHEMICAL MUNITIONS TO BUNKERS AT
AIRBASES AND AT CORPS LEVEL LOGISTIC CENTERS.  THIS DEPLOYMENT IS
NOT CONSIDERED AN INDICATION OF IMMINENT CHEMICAL USE, BUT RATHER
IRAQI PREPARATION FOR A VARIETY OF CONTINGENCIES.








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