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File: 970613_72825256_d_txt_0001.txt
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(b.2.)


 SUBJECT: SHAPE REQUEST FOR INFORMATION - IRAQ'S CW CHARACTERISTICS

(SURVEY RFI(N) 009-91) (U)
REF: SHAPE MSG DTG 122000Z FEB 91, (NOTAL) SUBJ: INTREQ AA516/91-
IRAQ'S CW CHARACTERISTICS (U) (BOM).
1.     REF REQUESTED INFORMATION ON IRAQI CHEMICAL WEAPONS (CW)
CHARACTERISTICS IN ORDER TO BE PREPARED AGAINST POSSIBLE
ESCALATION
OF GULF WAR TO INCLUDE THE USE OF CW. THE FOLLOWING ANSWERS ARE
KEYED TO YOUR REQUEST AND ARE AUTHORIZED FOR RELEASE TO NATO.
A.     YES. ALSO CALLED "CYCLO-SARIN"; HAVE NOT HEARD THE
NICKNAME "CYCLOHEXYL SARIN"'  (b.1. sec. 1.5.a.)
B. (U) MELTING POINT LESS THAN -30 DEGREES C. VOLATILITY 438
MG/M3 AT 20 C; 581 MG/M3 AT 25 C. VAPOR PRESSURE 0.06 MM AT 25 C.
    TOXICITY: ESTIMATED LCT50 350-450 MG-MIN/M3; LD50 0.5
MG/KG (PERCUTANEOUS). IN GENERAL, THE INHALATION TOXICITY OF GF IS
COMPARABLE TO THAT OF GB AND GD. GF APPEARS TO HAVE GREATER
PERCUTANEOUS TOXICITY THAN GB OR GD.
C.     THE EFFECTS OF GF ARE ANALOGOUS TO THOSE OF SARIN. THE
CURRENT MASK AND SUIT OFFER EXCELLENT PROTECTION AGAINST GF.
D. (U) THERAPY FOR GF CASUALTIES IS SAME AS FOR SARIN. ATROPINE IS
EFFECTIVE TREATMENT'
E. (U) YES.
F.     THE PROBLEM OF LARGE AMOUNTS OF HF IN NERVE AGENTS IS
TWOFOLD: THE HF ATTACKS THE METAL SHELL CASING, POSSIBLY RESULTING
IN LEAKS, AND ANY IMPURITY ENCOURAGES DECOMPOSITION.
2. (U) DI-6B CASE NUMBER 37-0253-5 APPLIES.
[   (b)(2)   ]


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