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File: 970613_ww33_90a_mic_txt_0001.txt
Page: 0001
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SUBJECT: THIS IS A RETRANS OF AFMIC SPECIAL WEEKLY WIRE 33-90(A)

CONCERNING WATER AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE CONSIDERATIONS ON
ARABIAN PENINSULA           
O 131600Z AUG 90  ZEX

SECTION 001 OF 002

/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/

SUBJECT:   AFMIC SPECIAL WEEKLY WIRE 33-90(A)
1.        THIS SPECIAL WIRE WAS PREPARED FOR CONSUMERS CONCERNED WITH
OPERATIONAL CONSIDERATIONS OF WATER SUPPLIES AND WATER TREATMENT
IN
THE ARABIAN PENINSULA. EMPHASIS IS PLACED ON BAHRAIN, OMAN, QATAR,
EASTERN PROVINCES OF SAUDI ARABIA, AND THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES.
BROAD DISSEMINATION TO SUBORDINATE UNITS IS ENCOURAGED.
         
2.        ARABIAN PENINSULA: WATER AND PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
CONSIDERATIONS       
    A. (U) WATER SUPPLIES -- WATER SUPPLIES ARE TENUOUS THROUGHOUT
THE ARABIAN PENINSULA. THERE ARE NO PERENNIAL STREAMS.  WATER IS
OBTAINED FROM WELLS AND, INCREASINGLY, THE SEA. SAUDI ARABIA AND
OTHER COUNTRIES IN THE REGION HAVE AN ESTABLISHED DESALINATION
CAPABILITY.
(U) SURFACE WATER SOURCES ESSENTIALLY ARE NONEXISTENT DURING
SUMMER.
SURFACE WATER IS SEASONALLY AVAILABLE IN LIMITED QUANTITIES DURING
THE RAINY MONTHS (OCTOBER TO DECEMBER). FRESH SURFACE WATER IS
SEASONALLY AVAILABLE THROUGHOUT MOST OF NORTHERN OMAN AND
ALONG THE
ARABIAN SEA LITTORAL. IN NORTHERN SAUDI ARABIA, SEASONAL FRESH
WATER
CAN BE FOUND ADJACENT TO KING KHALID MILITARY CITY, FOLLOWING WADI
AL
BATIN, IN A BAND EXTENDING FROM APPROXIMATELY 27N 45E NORTHEAST TO
THE KUWAIT/NEUTRAL ZONE BORDER. WATER IN THIS AREA IS AVAILABLE IN
VERY SMALL QUANTITIES. ALL SURFACE WATER SHOULD BE CONSIDERED
GROSSLY
CONTAMINATED.
(U) IN SAUDI ARABIA, GROUND WATER IS FOUND IN DEEP WELLS, BETWEEN 500
TO 1,000 FEET. THE AQUIFERS ARE NON-RENEWABLE AND ARE QUICKLY BEING
DEPLETED. AS THE RAINY SEASON IN SAUDI ARABIA PROGRESSES, WATER CAN
BE DRAWN FROM SHALLOW WELLS; HOWEVER, BECAUSE THIS WATER IS
BRACKISH
AND VERY HIGH IN TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS, THE WATER MUST BE FILTERED
AND TREATED BEFORE IT CAN BE CONSIDERED POTABLE. ALSO, LONG-TERM
USE
OF THIS WATER AS COOLANT WATER IN VEHICLES IS NOT ADVISED UNLESS IT
IS FILTERED PRIOR TO USE. IN BAHRAIN, 50 PERCENT OF THE WATER SUPPLY
IS GROUND WATER DRAWN FROM FRESH WATER SPRINGS AND ARTESIAN
WELLS.
WELLS IN BAHRAIN ARE INCREASINGLY ADULTERATED WITH SALT WATER AS
THEY
ARE DRAWN DOWN.
    B. (U) THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF WATER IN THE ARABIAN PENINSULA IS
THE SEA. MAJOR DESALINATION PLANTS ARE LISTED BELOW.

[b.1. sec 1.5(c)]


DECL OADR


[b.1. sec 1.5(c)]


DECL OADR

[b.1. sec 1.5(c)]


DECL OADR
    E.      PREVENTIVE MEDICINE CONSIDERATIONS -  [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]

               ALL WATER DELIVERED TO U.S. FORCES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED
NOT POTABLE UNTIL IT IS TREATED OR TESTED AND FOUND FREE OF
BACTERIAL
CONTAMINATION.
    BECAUSE CHLORINE (AND OTHER HALOGENS) BECOME MORE VOLATILE AS
TEMPERATURES INCREASE, THE DESERT HEAT WILL PRESENT PROBLEMS IN
MAINTAINING FREE AVAILABLE CHLORINE (FAC) RESIDUALS IN WATER
SUPPLIES, NECESSITATING EXTRA CARE TO PREVENT CONTAMINATION. IT ALSO
WILL MAKE ANY ACCEPTANCE OR REJECTION CRITERIA FOR WATER
IRRELEVANT
BASED SOLELY ON THE PRESENCE OF FAC WHEN RECEIVING WATER.
    SCHISTOSOMIASIS IS A CONCERN IN THE ARABIAN OASES. IF THE OASES
ARE USED AS A WATER SOURCE, AVOID IMMERSION. SWIMMING IN ANY FRESH
WATER BODY SHOULD BE AVOIDED.
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