Document Page: First | Prev | Next | All | Image | This Release | Search

File: 950719_68340046_91r.txt
Page: 91r
Total Pages: 1

IIR 6 834 0046 91/IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE AGAINST

Filename:68340046.91r
PATHFINDER RECORD NUMBER: 31325
GENDATE:         950504
NNNN
TEXT:            
ENVELOPE CDSN = LGX854 MCN = 90312/22858 TOR = 903121352
RTTCZYUW RUEKJCS4704 3121352-    --RUEALGX.
ZNY 
HEADER R 081352Z NOV 90
FM JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
INFO RUEADWD/OCSA WASHINGTON DC
RUENAAA/CNO WASHINGTON DC
RUEAHQA/CSAF WASHINGTON DC
RUEACMC/CMC WASHINGTON DC
RUEDADA/AFIS AMHS BOLLING AFB DC
RUFTAKA/CDR USAINTELCTRE HEIDELBERG GE
RUFGAID/USEUCOM AIDES VAIHINGEN GE
RUEKCCG/USDP-CCC WASHINGTON DC
RUETIAQ/MPCFTGEORGEGMEADEMD
RUEHC /SECSTATE WASHINGTON DC
RUEAMCC/CMC CC WASHINGTON DC
RUEOFAA/COMJSOC FT BRAGG NC//J2//
RUQYSDG/FOSIF ROTA SP
RUCQVAB/USCINCSOC INTEL OPS CEN MACDILL AFB FL
RUCJACC/USCENTCOM REAR MACDILL AFB FL //CARA//
RHEPAAB/TAC IDHS LANGLEY AFB VA//IDHS//
RUSNNOA/USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ2//
RUFTAKA/USA INTEL CENTER HEIDELBERG GE
RUFTAKC/UDITDUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE
RHFPRWO/RWO RAMSTEIN AB GE//IN/IV/SP//
RUDOGHA/USNMR SHAPE BE//SURVEY//
RUEALGX/SAFE
R 081327Z NOV 90
FM [   (b)(2)   ]
TO RUEKJCS/DIA WASHDC
INFO RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC//OSD-ISP//
RUENAAA/CNO WASHDC//OP-092//
RUSNNOR/USCINCEUR ECJ2 VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ2-OC/ECJ2-JIC//
RUSNNOA/USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE//ECJ5//
RUFTAKA/USAINTELCTRE HEIDELBERG GE//AEAGB-PDN(CURIN)//
RHDLCNE/CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2//
RUCBSAA/CINCLANTFLT NORFOLK VA//N2//
RUDMNIC/COMNAVINTCOM WASHDC//NIC-03/NIC-33/NIC-32//
RUCBSAA/FICEURLANT NORFOLK VA//N2//
RUDMNOP/NAVOPINTCEN SUITLAND MD
RUDMNSC/NTIC WASHDC
RUEORDF/DIRAFMIC FT DETRICK MD//AFMIC-CR//
RUFRSCC/CTG ONE SIX EIGHT PT FOUR
RUFRSCC/CTF ONE SIX EIGHT//H//
RUFRSCC/CTU ONE SIX EIGHT PT FOUR PT ONE
RUEHMY/USDAO MOSCOW UR
BT
CONTROLS

SERIAL: (U) IIR 6 834 0046 91.

/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/
BODY COUNTRY: (U) IRAQ (IZ); GERMANY, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF (GE);
USSR (UR).
SUBJECT: IIR 6 834 0046 91/IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE AGAINST
IRAN WITH SOVIET WPNS (U).
WARNING: (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY
EVALUATED INTEL.                                          

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
DOI: (U) 901015.
REQS: (U) [  (b)(2)  ]                       

SOURCE:     [  b.2.  ] UNSIGNED LETTER MAILED TO [   (b)(1) sec 
1.3(a)(4)   ] (IN GERMAN) POSTMARKED FROM GE. AUTHENTICITY IS NOT 
KNOWN.

SUMMARY: (U) IIR FORWARDS TRANSLATION DESCRIBING TECHNIQUES
EMPLOYED DURING IRAQI CHEMICAL WARFARE CARRIED OUT AGAINST
IRAN USING SOVIET-DEVELOPED WEAPONS. ENCLOSURE.

TEXT: 1.     THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION IS AN UNOFFICIAL
TRANSLATION OF A LETTER RECEIVED BY [  (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)  ]. 
THE LETTER DESCRIBES THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CHEMICAL WARFARE 
TECHNIQUES IN THE FORMER DDR THAT WERE EMPLOYED BY
IRAQ USING SOVIET-MADE WEAPONS AGAINST IRAN.
2.     THE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM ADDRESSED THE
FOLLOWING POINTS:
1) CONTROL OF TOXIC CLOUDS RESULTING FROM EMPLOYMENT OF
CHEMICAL AGENTS FROM HARMING THE DELIVERING TROOPS.
2) DEVELOPMENT OF DISSEMINATION TECHNIQUES THAT WOULD MAKE
DIFFICULT THE PROVING OF EMPLOYMENT OF CHEMICAL AGENTS;
3) DEVLOPMENT OF DISSEMINATION AT POINTED TARGETS SO AS TO
OBVIATE THE APPROX. 30 SEC 'SAFE' PERIOD AFTER EXPLOSION OF
THE CW DELIVERY MUNITION AND BEFORE DONNING OF PROTECTIVE
MEASURES.
QUOTE
RE: CHEMICAL WARFARE CARRIED OUT BY IRAQ AGAINST IRAN BY
MEANS OF WEAPONS WHICH WERE DEVELOPED IN THE USSR.
IN PARNU (ESTONIA) A WINNER OF THE LENIN PRIZE AND HIS
COWORKER LAID THE FOUNDATION FOR A NEW CHEMICAL WARFARE
TECHNIQUE. THEIR TASK WAS:
1. TO PREVENT THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOXIC CLOUDS WHICH ARE
UNCONTROLLABLE AND MIGHT HARM ONE'S OWN TROOPS WHEN AGENTS
ARE DISSEMINATED.
2. TO DISSIMINATE THE AGENT IS SUCH LOW QUANTITIES THAT
IT IS DIFFICULT TO PROVE THAT IT HAS BEEN USED.
3. TO DISSEMINATE THE AGENT AT POINTED TARGETS AT SUCH A
SPEED THAT THE 30 SECONDS, WHICH ARE LEFT AFTER THE EXPLOSION
HAS OCCURRED AND BEFORE PROTECTIVE MEASURES (E.G. GAS MASKS)
ARE TAKEN, CAN BE FULLY USED TO INCAPACITATE OR ELIMINATE THE
TROOPS UNDER ATTACK.
THE ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY USED TO SOLVE THIS PROBLEM IS TO
DISSEMINATE THE AGENT AS A VERY THIN AEROSOL IN SUCH A WAY
THAT THE AGENT, WHICH IS DROPPING DOWN IN A FRACTION OF A
SECOND AT THE SPEED OF A PROJECTILE FIRED BY AN INFANTRY
WEAPON IN THE FORM OF MICROSCOPICALLY SMALL PARTICLES, LOSES
ITS POISENOUS EFFECT WHEN IT STAYS IN THE ATMOSPHERE FOR SOME
TIME AND CAN NO LONGER BE DISTINGUISHED FROM NORMAL DUST-LIKE
AIR POLLUTION.
THE PARTICLES PENETRATE THE SKIN'S LAYER OF FAT, AND WHERE IT
PENETRATES THE SKIN THE AGENT CAUSES CHANGES IN THE TISSUE.
THE AEROSOL, IHHALED IN THE FORM OF PARTICLES CAUSES CHANGES
IN THE AIR CELLS OF THE LUNGS.
DEPENDING ON HOW MUCH AEROSOL ONE ABSORBS, ONE EITHER DIES
QUICKLY OR WASTES AWAY GRADUALLY.
THE BASIC RESEARCH WORK FOR THE TRANSFORMATION OF THE AGENTS,
WHICH BY NATURE AND AT NORMAL TEMPERATURES ARE LIQUID, INTO
AEROSOLS (DURING WORLD WAR I, AGENTS THT BY NATURE WERE
LIQUID WERE GASIFIED), WAS DONE AT THE INSTITUTE FOR
PHYSIOLOGY, LEIPZIG UNIVERSITY, GDR//GEOCOORD: 5120N/01225E//
BY TWELVE SCIENTISTS WHO WERE VERY CAREFULLY SCREENED AND
PROTECTED.
IN THE MEANTIME THIS TECHNOLOGY HAS BEEN FURTHER DEVELOPED SO
THAT THERE ARE NOW PSYCHO-REACTIVE AGENTS WHICH FOR A LIMITED
PERIOD OF TIME WILL INCAPACITATE TROOPS OR PEOPLES/CROWDS OF
PEOPLE SO THAT THEY ARE RENDERED UNABLE TO PERFORM ANY
DELIBERATE ACTIONS THAT GO BEYOND THE BASIC (ANIMAL) PATTERNS
OF BEHAVIOR.
BOTH TYPE OF AGENTS WERE USED IN CAMBODIA BY THE VIETNAMESE
WHO FOUGHT AGAINST THE FREEDOM MOVEMENTS. THE WAY TO
DISSEMINATE THESE AGENTS HAD REMAINED A MYSTERY. EVEN THE
EXAMINATION AND AUTOPSY OF THE CORPSES OF POISENED
CAMBODIANS, CARRIED OUT 15 MINUTES AFTER THE ATTACK WITH SUCH
AN AGENT HAD OCCURRED, DID NOT SHOW ANY RESULTS.
ONLY CLOTHES WHICH CANNOT BE PENETRATED BY GAS AND ARE SO
SOLID THAT THE AEROSOLS CANNOT PIERCE THEM, TOGETHER WITH GAS
MASKS THAT COVER THE WHOLE HEAD AND HAVE FILTERS THAT FILTER
OUT PARTICLES THE SIZE OF BACTERIA. WILL PROTECT HUMAN BEINGS
AGAINST THESE AGENTS. THIS PROTECTIVE GEAR MUST BE WORN AS
LONG AS ARTILLERY/MISSILE/AIR ATTACKS ARE POSSIBLE.
THERE IS MUCH THAT INDICATES THAT THE BOILING-POINT ELEVATION
OF THE AGENTS WAS ATTAINED WITH THE HELP OF SOLVENTS, WHICH
HAVE A RELATIVELY ELEVATED BOILING-POINT THEMSELVES AND WHICH
THUS ELEVATE THE BOILING-POINT OF THE AGENTS, WHICH HAVE BEEN
DISSOLVED IN THEM. IN ADDITION, THESE SOLVENTS, WHEN THEY
PENETRATE THE SKIN, APPARENTLY CARRY SUBSTANCES INTO THE
ORGANISM (JUST LIKE THE MODE OF ACTION OF E.G.
DIMETHYLSULFOXIDE OR DMSO, BOILING-POINT 95C) AND, AFTER A
VERY SHORT PERIOD OF TIME, CAN NO LONGER BE DETECTED IN THE
ORGANISM.
COMMENTS        FIELD COMMENTS. THIS LETTER CARRIED NO
RETURN ADDRESS, LETTERHEAD INFORMATION, DATE OR SIGNATURE.
THE EVENLOPE WAS POSTMARKED 900924 PRE-UNIFIED GERMANY
FROM THE CITY OF MELSUNGEN GE. MELSUNGEN IS SITUATED ABOUT 30
KM FROM THE FORMER FRG-DDR BORDER//GEOCOORD: 5108N/00932E//
IT READS,THOUGH, THE WRITER APPEARS TO HAVE SOME FAMILIARITY
WITH THE SUBJECT.
IPSP: (U) PG 1926; PGT1600//.
COMSOBJ: (U) 112; 143//.
ADMIN PROJ: (U) .
INST: (U) US/NO.
PREP: (U) [  (b)(2)  ]
ENCL: (U) TO FOLLOW: 01 ENCLOSURE.
1. LETTER AND ENVELOPE, "CHEMICAL KREIGSFUHURNG" (CHEMICAL
WARFARE) (U), 1 COPY, 3 PAGES, 900900 (U), IN GERMAN AND WITH
ENGLISH TRANSLATION.
ACQ: (U) [   (b)(2)   ]
DISSEM: (U) FIELD: [   (b)(2)   ]
WARNING: (U) 

[  (b)(2)  ]
BT

#4704


INFODATE:        0


 



 

 



Document Page: First | Prev | Next | All | Image | This Release | Search