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File: 950719_68840068_94.txt
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IIR 6 884 0068 94/CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN SAUDI

Filename:68840068.94
ENVELOPE
CDSN = LGX790   MCN = 94009/02586   TOR = 940090921
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R 090925Z JAN 94
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INFO RUEADWD/OCSA WASHINGTON DC
RUENAAA/CNO WASHINGTON DC
RUEAHQA/CSAF WASHINGTON DC
RUEACMC/CMC WASHINGTON DC
RHFPAAA/UTAIS RAMSTEIN AB GE//IN-CMO//
RHDLCNE/CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK//N2/N22//
RHHJMCY/JICPAC HONOLULU HI
RHFUMHE/BRFINK MHE BOERFINK GE
RUETIAQ/MPC FT GEORGE G MEADE MD
RUCQVAB/USCINCSOC INTEL OPS CEN MACDILL AFB FL
RUQYSDG/FOSIF ROTA SP
RUEOFAA/COMJSOC FT BRAGG NC//J2//
RUEOADA/9AINTELS SHAW AFB SC//INR//
RUEHC  /SECSTATE WASHINGTON DC
[   (b)(2)   ]
RULKQAN/MARCORINTACT DET QUANTICO VA
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RUDMONI/ONI SUITLAND MD
RULKNIS/DIRNAVCRIMINVSERV WASHINGTON DC//NAVATAC/22//
RUEALGX/SAFE
R 090906Z JAN 94
FM [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]
TO RUEKJCS/DIA WASHDC
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RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J-5 MEAF//
RUSNTCA/USCINCEUR VAIHINGEN GE
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SERIAL:  (U)  IIR 6 884 0068 94.


/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/
BODY
COUNTRY:  (U)  SAUDI ARABIA (SA).

SUBJ:  IIR 6 884 0068 94/CHEMICAL WEAPONS IN SAUDI
ARABIA (U)

WARNING:  (U)  THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT
FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE.  

                 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

DOI:  (U)  940106.

REQS:  (U)  [   (b)(2)   ]

SOURCE:    [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]

SUMMARY:   CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION WAS DETECTED IN
JANUARY OF 1990, BUT THE CONTAMINANT LEVELS WERE
CONSIDERED INSIGNIFICANT.[      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] DENY 
SAUDI
POSSESSION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS.

TEXT:  1.   THE RESULTS OF THE U.S. CONGRESSIONAL
INQUIRY IN SAUDI ARABIA INTO THE CAUSE OF THE MYSTERIOUS
ILLNESS CLAIMED BY OVER 2000 U.S. SOLDIERS SERVING IN
SAUDI ARABIA DURING THE GULF WAR CLOSELY PARALLELED THE
SAUDI RESPONSE  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]  CODEL MET WITH 
SENIOR
MILITARY AND CIVILIAN LEADERS, TOURED A MILITARY
HOSPITAL AND VISITED KING KHALID MILITARY CITY AND THE
INDUSTRIAL CENTER AT JUBAIL DURING 940105-940106.

2.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] CONFIRMED THE DETECTION OF 
LOW LEVEL CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION ON THE 19TH AND 24TH OF JANUARY
1990.  HE STATED THAT THE FRENCH MADE THE ORIGINAL
REPORTS TO THE SAUDI OFFICIALS OF POSSIBLE CHEMICAL
CONTAMINATION WHEN THEIR DETECTORS WERE TRIGGERED.  THE
SAUDIS RELIED ON THE CZECH CHEMICAL DETECTION UNIT TO
PROVIDE VERIFICATION.

3.   REGARDING THE WET SPOT REPORTED ON THE 24TH, THE
FRENCH LED SAUDI OFFICERS TO THE SITE.  SAUDI OFFICIALS
ASKED THE CZECH CHEMICAL DETECTION UNIT TO CONFIRM THE
REPORT.  U.S. OFFICIALS WERE ALSO INFORMED AT THE TIME
AND PARTICIPATED IN THE INVESTIGATION.  THE LOW LEVEL OF
CONTAMINANT DETECTED WAS DETERMINED TO BE INSIGNIFICANT
AND OF NO THREAT TO PEOPLE OR ANIMALS.  THERE HAD BEEN
NO BOMBING IN THE AREA AT THE TIME OF THE REPORTS, AND
THE INCIDENTS OCCURRED PRIOR TO THE FIRST SCUD ATTACK.
ACCORDING TO [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] THE INCIDENTS WERE, 
THEREFORE,
DISMISSED BY ALL CONCERNED.

4.  (C) THE ORIGIN OF THE CONTAMINANT REMAINS A MYSTERY.
WHEN QUESTIONED ABOUT SAUDI POSSESSION OF CHEMICAL
WEAPONS, [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] STATED EMPHATICALLY THAT 
SAUDI ARABIA DOES NOT POSSESS ANY CHEMICAL WEAPONS.  CONCERNING 
OTHER ALLIES, [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] DOUBTED THAT EGYPT, 
SYRIA OR KUWAIT WOULD HAVE BROUGHT SUCH WEAPONS INTO THE KINGDOM, 
THOUGH SAUDI ARABIA DID NOT HAVE A PROHIBITION AGAINST ITS
ALLIES BRINGING OFFENSIVE CHEMICAL WEAPONS INTO THE
COUNTRY.  SAUDI ARABIA HAS WORKED CLOSELY WITH THESE
COUNTRIES AND IS WELL AWARE OF THEIR CAPABILITIES AND
EQUIPMENT.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] 

5. 
[      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]

6.   THE CODEL MET WITH [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]  THE 
DISCUSSIONS WERE VERY
PROFESSIONAL AND DEALT IN DEPTH WITH THE POSSIBLE
MEDICAL CAUSES OF THE ILLNESS AFFECTING US VETERANS.  [      
(b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] STATED THAT HE HAD BEGUN QUESTIONING [  
    (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]
 CONCERNING REPORTS OF ANY UNUSUAL ILLNESSES
ABOUT FOUR MONTHS AGO [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] ABOUT THE
CZECH REPORTS OF CHEMICAL DETECTIONS.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4) 
   ]
SURVEYED ALL MILITARY HOSPITALS AND CLINICS, ESPECIALLY
CONCENTRATING ON THE HAFR AL BATIN AND JUBAIL AREAS,
WHERE [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] INQUIRIES EXTENDED TO 
CIVILIAN HOSPITALS AS
WELL
.[      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] ADDED THAT THE MILITARY 
HOSPITALS ALSO SEE A
NUMBER OF CIVILIAN PATIENTS AND THAT [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)  
  ] INQUIRIES
TURNED UP NO REPORTS OF UNUSUAL OR DIFFICULT TO EXPLAIN
ILLNESSES WITHIN EITHER OF THE MILITARY OR CIVILIAN
COMMUNITIES.

7. [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] HAD ASKED KUWAITI OFFICIALS IF 
THEY
HAD ANY REPORTS OF A "MYSTERIOUS ILLNESS".  [      (b)(1) sec 
1.3(a)(4)    ] SAID THAT
THEY DID NOT HAVE ANY CASES.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] HAD 
NOT
SPECIFICALLY ASKED THE SYRIANS OR EGYPTIANS AND HAD NO
INFORMATION ON EITHER OF THOSE COUNTRIES.  [      (b)(1) sec 
1.3(a)(4)    ] STATED
THAT THERE HAD NOT BEEN ANY REPORTS OF ILLNESSES IN THE
JUBAIL AREA EITHER.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] SAID THAT 
TWO YEARS BEFORE THE
WAR, AN AMMONIA TANK AT THE JUBAIL INDUSTRIAL CITY HAD
CAUGHT FIRE.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] SAID THAT THEY HAD 
PREPARED FOR A
MEDICAL EMERGENCY, BUT NO MEDICAL CASES WERE REPORTED AS
A RESULT OF THE FIRE.

8.  CODEL MET WITH [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]   STATED THAT 
THERE HAD BEEN NO REPORTED
HOSPITALIZATION OF ANY PERSON DUE TO EXPOSURE TO A
CHEMICAL AGENT.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] KNEW OF NO 
CONFIRMED REPORT OF ANY
ACTUAL USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS BY THE IRAQIS DURING THE
WAR.  EACH SCUD SITE, [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] STATED, WAS 
CHECKED FOR ANY
SIGN OF CHEMICALS, AND NONE WERE EVER DETECTED.  [      (b)(1) sec 
1.3(a)(4)    ] STATED THAT [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] WAS 
AWARE OF THE CZECH REPORTS OF
CHEMICAL DETECTIONS AND HAD, AT THE TIME, CHECKED WITH
[      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] COUNTERPARTS.  [      (b)(1) sec 
1.3(a)(4)    ] SAID [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] WAS
NOT AWARE OF THE FRENCH REPORTS--THE "WET SPOT", THE
CHEMICAL DETECTION NEAR THE ENGINEER SCHOOL AT KKMC, NOR
OF THE FRENCH REPORTED DETECTION SOUTH OF KKMC, ADDING
THAT [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]FRENCH LIAISON OFFICER NEVER 
REPORTED ANY
CHEMICAL DETECTIONS BY FRENCH SOLDIERS TO [      (b)(1) sec 
1.3(a)(4)    ]. [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] SAID
THAT THEY MAY HAVE REPORTED THEM TO CENTCM.

9. [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]REAFFIRMED THAT SAUDI ARABIA 
DOES NOT
POSSESS ANY CHEMICAL WEAPONS NOW OR DURING THE WAR.  [      (b)(1) 
sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]
DOES NOT KNOW IF THE AMERICANS OR SYRIANS HAD CHEMICAL
WEAPONS, BUT ADDED THAT [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] HAD 
EXCELLENT FREEDOM OF
ACCESS DURING THE WAR TO ALL OF THE COALITION UNITS AND
NEVER WAS AWARE OF ANY UNIT POSSESSING ANY CHEMICAL
WEAPONS.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ] VISITED A NUMBER OF 
AMERICAN
AMMUNITION STORAGE POINTS AND NEVER SAW ANY SIGN OF
CHEMICAL MUNITIONS.

10.  CODEL ALSO MET WITH SAUDI OFFICIALS FROM THE
ROYAL COMMISSION IN JUBAIL AND AMERICAN INDUSTRY
REPRESENTATIVES LIVING AND WORKING IN THE JUBAIL
INDUSTRIAL CITY ON 940106.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]
  THEY BOTH REPORTED THAT
THERE WERE NO REPORTS OF UNUSUAL ILLNESSES IN THE JUBAIL
AREA DURING OR AFTER THE WAR.  THEY BOTH STRESSED THAT
THE AREA WAS UNDER STRINGENT ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROLS AND
THAT LOCAL HOSPITALS WERE PERIODICALLY CHECKED TO ENSURE
THAT THE LOCAL POPULATION WAS NOT SUFFERING ANY UNUSUAL
HEALTH PROBLEMS DUE TO THE INDUSTRIAL CITY.

11.  [      (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)    ]AMERICAN REPRESENTATIVES FROM 
THE AREA STATED THAT THEY
KNEW OF NO UNUSUAL HEALTH PROBLEMS THAT HAD OCCURRED
EITHER DURING THE WAR OR AFTER. THEY STATED THAT MOST OF
THE EMISSIONS FROM THE PETRO-CHEMICAL PLANT AND THE
FERTILIZER PLANT WERE WELL WITHIN U.S. INDUSTRIAL
STANDARDS.  THEY SAID THAT ON A COUPLE OF OCCASIONS, THE
AMMONIA RELEASED BY THE FERTILIZER PLANT EXCEEDED THE
STANDARD, BUT HAD NOT RESULTED IN ANY HEALTH PROBLEMS.
THE REPRESENTATIVES, MANY WHO HAVE BEEN IN JUBAIL FOR
MANY YEARS INCLUDING THE WAR PERIOD, SAID THAT THEIR
EMPLOYEES HAVE NOT HAD ANY UNEXPLAINED HEALTH PROBLEMS.

COMMENTS:  ALL OF THE MEETINGS WERE CHARACTERIZED BY
FRANK DISCUSSIONS AND AN OPEN WILLINGNESS, ON THE PART
OF THE SAUDIS, TO ANSWER AND ASK QUESTIONS. [   (b)(2)   ]

//IPSP:  (U)  PT 1620; PG 2520//.
//COMSOBJ:  (U) [   (b)(2)   ]
ADMIN
PROJ:  (U).
COLL:  (U) [   (b)(2)   ]
INSTR:  (U)  [   (b)(2)   ]
PREP:  (U) [   (b)(6)   ]
ACQ:  (U)  [   (b)(2)   ]
DISSEM:  (U)  [   (b)(2)   ]
WARNING: [   (b)(2)   ]
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