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Filename:048pgv.00p Addition to Post Mortom on Operation DESERT STORM Iraq's development and use of a Radiological Destructive Device (RDD) would have required access to some of the laboratory facilities at Tuwaitha or similar facilities if available elsewhere. Iraq had four potential sources of radioactive material: spent reactor fuel, commercially producted and purchased radioisotopes (i.e., cobalt-60 for medical irradiation sources), Iraqi made isotopes and low level radioactive waste from laboratory and medical procedures. While little is known about the Iraqi inventory of radioactive material, the latter two sources would probably have very low levels of activity or be short-llived. The overall inventory is assessed to have been quite small. As a result of DESERT STORM, the known Iraqi facilities which could provide the services necessary to make radioactive material available in a form usable in an RDD were either destroyed or severely damaged. The spent fuel disposition is currently uncertain since both the IRT and the Isis reactors were bombed. Thus availability of spent fuel for access to the contained radioactive sources for medical or manufacturing purposes is uniknown. However, preparation of radioactive materials for use in a warhead without an appropriate facility would require exposure of the work force to lethal levels of radiation. The gain would be, at best, a psychological weapon with no military utility.
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