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File: 950825_090750au_90.txt
Page: 90
Total Pages: 1


Filename:090750au.90


                    FROM:      DIRAFMIC FTDETRICKRD 

                      TO:       CG THIRD FSSG



SUBJ:  IRAQI BW CAPABILITIES 
          1.                AFMIC ANALYSTS ASSESS THAT IRAQ HAS A 
MATURE

          OFFENSIVE BIOLOGICAL WARFARE (SO) PROGRAM.  SUBSTANTIAL 
AMOUNTS OF

          BOTULINUM TOXIN HAVE LIKELY BEEN PRODUCED AND ARE  
PROSASLY

          WEAPONIZED.  IN ADDITIONS BACILLUS ANTHRACIS (ANTHRAX)i 
VIBRIO

          CHOLERAE (CHOLERA) STAPHYLOCOCCUS ENTEROTOXIN B (SEB) 
AND THE

          CLOSTRIDIUM PERFRINGENS BACTERIA OR ITS TOXIN  MAY BE IN 
ADVANCED

          STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OR AVAILABLE FOR WEAPONIZATION

          2.             UNCONFIRMED INTELLIGENCE REPORTS CLASHED 
THAT IRAQ

          USED BIOLOGICAL WARFARE (BW) ON TWO SEPARATE OCCASIONS 
DURING THE

          IRAN/IRAQ WAR.  WE HAVE ASSESSED THAT IRAQ WILL USE BW 
AS A LAST RESORT.

          3.                 THE BW RESEARCH- DEVELOPMENT AND 
PRODUCTION FACILITY
          

          AT SALMAN PAK [   (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4)   ] 
    IS BELIEVED TO BE THE MAJOR

          PRODUCTION AND STORAGE FACILITY FOR BW IN IRAQ.  AT 
LEAST ONE
          
          BUILDING AT THE SITE HAS THE HIGHEST LEVEL OF BIOHAZARD 
CONTAINMENT


    FOR WORKING THE MOST DANGEROUS OF INFECTIOUS AGENTS.  THE

    IRAQI ARMY FACILITY AT TAJI AND GHURAYS AND THE IRAQI ATOMIC 
ENERGY COMMISSION FACILITY NEAR BAGHDAD AT TUWAITHA ALSO ARE 
SUSPECTED OF ENGAGING IN RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AND POSSIBLY 
PRODUCTION OF BIOLOGICAL AND TOXIN AGENTS.  AGENT TESTING HAS BEEN 
REPORTED AT A FACILITY LOCATED IN MARSHES SOUTHEAST OF AN 
NASIRIYAH 
    4.  A VARIETY OF MECHANISMS ARE AVAILABLE TO IRAQ FOR
    DISSEMINATION OF BIOLOGICAL AND TOXIN AGENTS:  AEROSOL 
GENERATORS WHICH CAN BE TRANSPORTED BY TRUCK, BOAT, HELICOPTER AND 
OTHER CONVEYANCES, CLUSTER BOMBS, SPRAY TANKS FOR HIGH PERrORMANCE
AIRCRAFT, ARTILLERY SHELLS- AND VARIOUS MISSILES.    THE USE OF
SUBMUNITIONS FOR INCREASED AREA COVERAGE IS LIKELY.

    5.    IRAQ IS NOT EXPECTED TO USE BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS IN
    AREAS OF CLOSE PROXIMITY TO THEIR OWN TROOPS.  THESE WEAPONS 
WILL LIKELY BE DEPLOYED AT NIGHT OR IN THE EARLY MORNING TO TAKE
    ADVANTAGE OF FAVORABLE METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS.

    6.  BIOLOGICAL AND TOXIN AGENTS WILL PROBABLY BE
   DELIVERED IN AEROSOL FORM.  MASKS ALONE WILL PROBABLY OFFER
    SUFFICIENT PROOTECTION AGAINST KNOWN AEROSOLIZED WET OR DRY BW
    AGENTS; HOWEVER THE POSSIBILITY FOR RE-AEROSOLIZATION OF THE 
AGENT EXISTS AND COMPLETE DECONTAMINATION BEFORE MASK REMOVAL IS
    CRITICAL.  DELIVERY OF BIOLOGICAL TOXINS OR INFECTIOUS AGENTS
    BOUND TO A SILICA MATRIX CAPABLE OF PENETRATING PERMEABLE
    PROTECTIVE SUITS MAY BE WITHIN IRAQI CAPABILITY.  IT IS 
POSSIBLE THAT SUCH AN AGENT COULD WORK ITS WAY THROUGH THE-FABRIC 
OF PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND BECOME IMBEDDED IN THE SKIN.

    7. [    b.2.    ] and [   (b)(6)   ]
 



 

 



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