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File: 950825_22tr1923_143.txt
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Filename:22tr1923.143
*********************************************
This document is a captured Iraqi military record.
It is provided in its original form to include Iraqi
classification markings (i.e. Top Secret, Secret, etc.). 
These classification markings are NOT U.S. Government markings.
*********************************************
											Annex F
Assessing losses after chemical attacks
General
1. 	The information that is available to the person who assesses the losses offer a definite 
possibility of counting the possible losses of a sudden chemical attack. The accuracy of 
the result depends on the accuracy of the available information that cover the following 
matters:
	a. 	Weather conditions and nature of the ground in the target area.
	b. 	Preventive measures and training level of the enemy.
	c. 	Enemy�s reaction when a chemical attack occurs.
Ammunition expenditures
2. 	Ammunition expenditures are computed on the basis of the shots that are necessary to get 
a certain amount of losses under certain weather conditions.
Possible losses when using nerve agents
3. 	Appendix 1 lay out the possible losses when using persistent nerve agents
4. 	Possible losses when using toxic chemical agents
	Appendix 2 lays out possible losses when using toxic chemical agents in the 3 following 
tables:
	a. 	Table number (1)
		Possible losses when using nerve agents
	b. 	Table number (2) 
		Possible losses when using blister agents vapors
	c. 	Table number (3)
		Possible losses when spraying toxic chemical agents from aircrafts




													Appendix 1 of Annex F
Average possible losses when using nerve agents
No.
Weapon
Wind velocity
(Knot / Second)
Half diameter
of target
(Meter)
Number of guided 
shots
or  bombs
Average losses

Remarks






Wear mask in








15 seconds
30 seconds


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

105 mm dismountable mortar
155 mm artillery (M 109)
175 mm artillery (m 107)
8 knot artillery
Honest John missile
Sergeant missile
120 mm tank
81 mm mortar
Aircraft bombs:
250 pound chemical bomb
750 pound chemical bomb
500 pound bomb
zero - 3
8 - 3
8 - 3
8 - 3
13 - 8
13 - 8
zero - 13
zero - 3

3 - 8
3 - 8
zero - 13
100
100
100
100
200
300
50
100

100
100
100
37
36
12
2
1
1
12
30

6
6
5
0.1
0.2
0.1
0.1
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.1

0.1
0.4
1
0.2
0.4
0.2
0.1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.2

0.2
0.5
54 shots have the same 
effect


10 Km range

    



Possible average losses when using toxic chemical agents            Appendix 2 of Annex F

Table number 1
Possible losses when using persistent nerve agents




No.



Weapon



Target�s diameter
(meter)



Number of shots
Total losses up to
four hours                                                Maximum losses










Type of clothing                                      Type of clothing










Protective
Clothing
Winter
Cloak
Summer
Cloak
Protective
Clothing
Winter
Cloak
Summer
Cloak

1.
2.
3.
4.
155 mm (m 109) artillery
175 mm (m 107) artillery
8 Knot artillery
Sergeant missile
100
100
100
300
72
46
0.8
0.1
Zero
zero
zero
zero
0.2
0.1
Zero
0.3
0.5
0.5
0.1
0.5
0.2
0.1
Zero
0.1
0.5
0.3
0.2
0.4
0.7
0.6
0.2
0.6





												Appendix 2 of Annex F
Table number 2
Possible losses when using vapors of blister agents
No.
Weapon Type
Wind velocity
(Knot/Second)
Shots
(in meters)
Losses average

Remarks





Two hours
8 hours


1.
2.
3.
105 mm mortar 
155 mm (M 109) mortar
175 mm (M 107) artillery
Zero - 3
Zero - 3
Zero - 3
100      72
100      72
100      48
0.1
0.3
0.3
0.3
0.4
0.4
Temperature (15-20) C
Exposure time more than 20 seconds




													Appendix 2 of Annex F
Table number 3
Possible losses when spraying persistent toxic chemical agents from aircrafts

No.
Clothing Type
Persistent nerve agent / total losses after hour


Blister agents / quick losses average (two hours)
Maximum downwind distance





maximum downwind distance








400 meters
600 meters
800 meters
400 meters
600 meters
800 meters

1.
2.
3.
Protective clothes
Winter suit
Summer Suit
0.1
0.5
0.7
-
0.4
0.6
-
0.3
0.5
-
0.3
0.5
-
0.2
0.4
-
0.1
0.3


	1. 	Aircraft speed: 	450 knots / per hour (830 Km / per hour) It flies at an 
straight angle with the wind
	2. 	Aircraft course: 	1000 meters away from the edge of the upwind target . This 
is determined during the target�s analysis.
	3. 	Maximum downwind distance is the distance covered by downwind spray that starts upwind from the 
edge of the target
 



 

 



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