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File: 950825_22tr2830_143.txt
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Filename:22tr2830.143
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This document is a captured Iraqi military record.
It is provided in its original form to include Iraqi
classification markings (i.e. Top Secret, Secret, etc.). 
These classification markings are NOT U.S. Government markings.
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											Annex H
Chemical training aids 
Real toxic chemical agents
1. 	Liquid mustard
	Real liquid mustard may be used for the following purposes:
	a. 	To test its effects on the surface of the skin
	b. 	To use decontamination and first aid supplies for decontamination
	c. 	To use available detection methods (detection tubes, detection sheets, etc.) For 
detection
	d. 	To test the penetration of the liquid toxic agent into skin protection equipment 
(protective equipment�s ability to resist the liquids of toxic chemical agents)
	Note:	Mustard should be used under the supervision of a qualified officer.
2. 	Chloracetophenone (CS � CN)
	a. 	(CS�CN) is used in our armed forces for the following purposes:
		One. 	To test protective masks in the gas chamber (tent)
		Two.	To show  the effects of non lethal toxic chemical effects on individuals.
		Three.	To test clouds of  toxic chemical agents and their direction with the wind
	b. 	Cases of CS�CN use
		CS�CN is used as follows:
		One. 	100% powder
			It is a 100 %white powder that is used as follows:
			(1) 	To contaminate the ground with hand grenades that resemble fire 
extinguishers. One explosive may spread one kilogram of the 
substance at a distance that is 100 meters long and 80 meters wide 
for a period that may reach many hours.
			(2) 	To be sprayed by aircrafts and used to train troops or units on 
preventive measures. An aircraft may spread the substance on the 
surface at an altitude of 80 meters and a speed of 80 km / hour and 
with the same method that appears above.



		Two.	(powder + organic solvent)
			This is a colorless solvent that resembles Kerosene. The solvent is 
dissolved in an organic solvent  such as 4-Carbon chloride, acetone, or 
dioxane etc). at an average of 2 to 50 %. The solvent is used through a 
manual machine that resembles a fire extinguisher and has various sizes. 
The range of the machine reaches 30 meters. It is accurate when it hits the 
target but the contaminated area is small. This method is used to train 
chemical troops, units, or elements on how to attack the enemy�s locations 
especially in city fighting and gang wars. It can also be used by aircrafts by 
throwing glass bottles that are filled with the solvent to the ground. When 
bottles break, the area becomes contaminated.
		Three.	(powder + solvent + gas)
			The use is similar to that of manually fighting insects when gas sprays to 
the outside.
		Four. 	Smoke
			This case is used in hand grenades and bullets that are fired by rifles. The 
powder is mixed with a substance that spreads heat. When it burns, the 
powder is spread in solid particles in the air (smoke).
	c. 	CS is currently used in our armed forces to test protective masks as follows:
		One. 	The agent is prepared in a bottle that may contain 100 g or in 0.6 g tablets.
		Two.	One bottle is sufficient to test 10 times with 10 grams each time.
		Three.	One test is sufficient to check a small unit (corps / battery). It depends on 
how tightly closed the chamber is.
2. 	Hydrogen Cyanide
	Hydrogen Cyanide is usually used in chemical units on experimental animals (Rabbits) to 
test



 the following:
	a. 	The effects (infection symptoms) of Hydrogen Cyanide
	b. 	The use of special methods to detect for Hydrogen Cyanide
	c. 	The use of first aid methods to reveal their importance when exposed to toxic 
chemical agents in general and Hydrogen Cyanide in particular.
Toxic chemical agents substitutes
3. 	Tubes that contain toxic chemical agents substitutes are among German gas detectors. 
Detection tubes may be used.
4. 	Common chemical substances such as substitutes of toxic chemical agents are used and 
detected in the lab. 
 



 

 



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