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Responses to questions from Sen. John Rockefeller, IV to Honorable Filename:015pgv.94p 3-17-94 Subject: Responses to questions from Sen. John Rockefeller, IV to Honorable William Perry SECDEF, March 9 1994. 14. Several raw intelligence reports were received during the Gulf War regarding possible use of biological warfare agents by the Iraqi regime. The reports and our assessment are as follows: A. One report stated that the Iraqis had developed a pill that could be put into the drinks of U.S. personnel which would cause death in about 15 days. The agent was not named. Comment: Intelligence personnel in the KTO were contacted and asked to inform commanders of a possible problem. We were told that all water consumed was bottled and because of the high state of vigilance, there was little chance of its being contaminated. No illnesses from drinking water among coalition troops was reported [ (b)(2) ]. B. There was a rumor reported by the Kuwaiti resistance that 6,000 camels were injected with biological agents and sent across the Iraqi border into Saudi Arabia. We assessed this report to be only one of many rumors circulating during the war. Intelligence sources were instructed to look for dead animals in the desert and to report any instance of camels moving across the border or animal illness. All reported instances of dead animals were investigated by medical and intelligence personnel in the area and found to be natural occurrences. C. A Cairo newspaper article alleged that 50 guards from a bacteriological weapons production facility not far from Baghdad died of an unknown and rapidly progressing disease. Reportedly an Egyptian physician who worked in a Baghdad hospital stated that guards from the plant were brought to the hospital immediately after the air raid. He also stated that the incidence of disease in Basrah, Mosul and Tikrit was assuming a massive character and that there was an epidemic. Comment: Upon receiving this report, we sent out additional special requirements for information regarding any unexplained disease in Iraq. In addition, we tried to recontact the Egyptian physician and to find any other sources who could confirm his story. No confirmatory reports were obtained. Since we had good reporting from reliable intelligence sources and CNN coverage in Baghdad at the time, we believe that any epidemic would have been reported. However, reports of disease in Baghdad during this time period were consistent with those normally seen in wartime. Since Desert Storm, the intelligence community has had a large number of [ (b)(1) sec 1.3(a)(4) ] reliable, military and civilian sources who were able to provide detailed information about the Iraqi BW program. Not one of these sources reported epidemics or disease processes which were attributed to BW agents.
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