Document Page: First | Prev | Next | All | Image | This Release | Search

File: 950925_0416oct_93d.txt
Page: 93d
Total Pages: 1

CZECH MOD REPORT ON CHEMICAL DETECTION DURING 

Filename:0416oct.93d
O 041607Z OCT 93 
FM SECDEF WASHINGTON DC 
INFO RUEADTS/USDP:DTSA 
RUEKMDT/USDP:CCC 
RUEALGX/SAFE 
O 041600Z OCT 93 
FM AMEMBASSY PRAGUE 
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 7046 
INFO RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC IMMEDIATE 
RUEHEG/AMEMBASSY CAIRO 0123 
RUFHNA/USMISSION USNATO 0292 
RUFHLD/AMEMBASSY LONDON 4149 
RUEHIA/USIA WASHDC 2872 
RUFHVI/AMEMBASSY VIENNA 6383 
RUFHTV/AMEMBASSY TEL AVIV 0404 
RUEKJCS/DIA WASHDC 
RUEHAM/AMEMBASSY AMMAN 0138 
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0330 
RUEHKU/AMEMBASSY KUWAIT 0077 
RUEKJCS/DIA WASHDC//CH-1, IMMEDIATE 
RUEHRH/AMEMBASSY RIYADH 0005 
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA 2526 
BT 
 
 
LIMITED OFFICIAL USE SECTION 01 OF 05 PRAGUE 008474 
 
DEPARTMENT ALSO FOR H 
 
VIENNA HOLD FOR BRATISLAVA 
 
E.O. 12356: N/A 
 
/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/ 
 
TAGS: MARR, MCAP, EZ, IZ, US 
SUBJECT:  CZECH MOD REPORT ON CHEMICAL DETECTION DURING 
DESERT STORM 
 
REFS:  A) PRAGUE 7666    B) PRAGUE 7668 
C) PRAGUE 6487 
 
ACTION REQUESTED 
---------------- 
 
1.  EMBASSY REQUESTS THAT DEPARTMENT PASS AS SOON AS 
POSSIBLE THE FOLLOWING MOD REPORT TO REPRESENTATIVES 
SKELTON AND BROWDER, WHO DISCUSSED CZECH DETECTION OF 
CHEMICAL WEAPONS WITH CZECH MINISTER OF DEFENSE BAUDYS, 
AS WELL AS TO SENATOR RIEGLE, WHO HAS EXPRESSED AN 
INTEREST IN THIS MATTER.  DURING SEPTEMBER MEETING IN 
PRAGUE (REF B), BAUDYS PROMISED TO PASS THE TEXT OF THE 
MOD REPORT THROUGH THE US EMBASSY TO THE CONGRESSMEN AS 
SOON AS IT WAS AVAILABLE. 
 
MOD PROVIDES EMBASSY WITH REPORT 
-------------------------------- 
 
2.  ON 1 OCTOBER 1993, THE PRESS DEPARTMENT OF CZECH 
MINISTRY OF DEFENSE PROVIDED THE DEFENSE ATTACHE OFFICE 
WITH A REPORT DETAILING EVENTS SURROUNDING THE 
DETECTION OF CHEMICAL AGENTS BY THE CZECHOSLOVAK 
CHEMICAL DETECTION UNIT DURING OPERATION DESERT STORM. 
THIS REPORT, CONSISTING OF 3 PAGES OF TEXT, AND 2 PAGES 
OF LOG ENTRIES, WAS FAXED TO DIA ON 1 OCTOBER. 
 
CZECH MOD REPORT 
---------------- 
 
3.  BEGIN TEXT:  INFORMAL EMBASSY TRANSLATION FROM 
CZECH 
 
THE CZECHOSLOVAK CHEMICAL DEFENSE UNIT IN THE PERSIAN 
GULF AND FINDINGS OF THE INVESTIGATION CONCERNING 
POSSIBLE USE OF COMBAT TOXIC AGENTS 
 
     A 169-MAN UNIT OF CZECHOSLOVAK MILITARY 
SPECIALISTS WAS SENT TO THE GULF AS A RESULT OF AN 
AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CZECH AND 
SLOVAK FEDERAL REPUBLIC AND THE GOVERNMENT OF THE 
KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA ON THE ACTIVITY AND TERMS OF 
DEPLOYMENT OF CZECHOSLOVAK MILITARY SPECIALISTS WITHIN 
THE KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA.  THIS AGREEMENT WAS SIGNED 
IN PRAGUE ON 19 NOVEMBER 1990 AND FINALIZED IN RIYADH 
ON 22 NOVEMBER 1990.  THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE CSFR 
RATIFIED THE TREATY.  THE RATIFICATION RESOLUTION, 
NUMBER 97, INCLUDED A CLAUSE WHEREBY THE FEDERAL 
ASSEMBLY EMPOWERED THE GOVERNMENT OF THE CSFR TO 
APPROVE, PER ARTICLE V OF THE AGREEMENT, THE DECISION 
TO CROSS THE INTERNATIONAL BORDER BETWEEN THE KINGDOM 
OF SAUDI ARABIA AND KUWAIT.  THE GOVERNMENT GAVE THIS 
APPROVAL WITH ITS PROCLAMATION NUMBER 71 OF 31 JANUARY 
1991. 
 
     ON 22 DECEMBER, BY OPERATIONAL ORDER OF THE 
KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA MINISTRY OF DEFENSE'S NORTHERN 
ZONE COMMANDER, AND IN ACCORDANCE WITH ARTICLE IV OF 
THE AGREEMENT, THE UNIT WAS ASSIGNED TO THE NORTHERN 
ZONE.  ON 1 JANUARY 1991, TWO CHEMICAL DEFENSE 
DETACHMENTS WERE ATTACHED TO THE 4TH AND 20TH BRIGADES 
OF THE SAUDI ARABIAN ARMED FORCES.  THE REMAINDER OF 
THE UNIT WAS POSITIONED AT A BASE CAMP AND ASSIGNED TO 
THE STAFF. 
 
     SAUDI ARABIA EXERCISED COMPLETE AUTHORITY OVER THE 
DEPLOYMENT AND STRATEGIC CONTROL OF THE UNIT. 
DECISIONS CONCERNING SPECIFIC MEANS OF MISSION 
ACCOMPLISHMENT WERE MADE BY THE UNIT COMMANDER, LTC JAN 
VALO, WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR ENSURING THAT EXECUTION 
OF THE UNIT'S MISSIONS DID NOT VIOLATE  CZECHOSLOVAK 
LEGAL REGULATIONS OR THE BASIC TENETS OF INTERNATIONAL 
 
/****** BEGINNING OF SECTION 002 ******/ 
LAW. 
 
     ON 27 JANUARY 1991, THE TWO CHEMICAL DEFENSE 
DETACHMENTS ASSIGNED TO THE SAUDI BRIGADES CROSSED THE 
BORDER INTO KUWAIT.  THEY PARTICIPATED ACTIVELY IN 
PROVIDING CHEMICAL DEFENSE SUPPORT TO ALLIED ELEMENTS 
DURING EXECUTION OF THE OPERATIONAL PLAN.  ON 5 
FEBRUARY 1991, THE UNIT WAS AUGMENTED TO A STRENGTH OF 
198 PERSONNEL. 
 
     THE CZECHOSLOVAK CHEMICAL DEFENSE UNIT PRIMARILY 
 
CONDUCTED THE FOLLOWING MISSIONS: 
 
     1.  CHEMICAL DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR THE HEADQUARTERS 
OF THE NORTHERN ZONE AND FOR TROOPS STATIONED WITHIN 
THE PERIMETER OF KING KHALID MILITARY CITY; 
 
     2.  CHEMICAL DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR THE SAUDI ARABIAN 
4TH AND 20TH BRIGADES; 
 
     3.  IN CASE OF CHEMICAL ATTACK, ESTABLISHMENT OF A 
DECONTAMINATION SITE FOR AFFECTED PERSONNEL. 
 
     PART OF THE CHEMICAL DEFENSE SUPPORT WAS ALSO THE 
CONTINUOUS CONDUCT OF CHEMICAL MONITORING FOR TIMELY 
DETECTION OF THE USE OF TOXIC AGENTS, THUS PROVIDING A 
BASIS FOR TROOP ALERTS AND COMMANDERS' DECISIONS. 
 
     DURING THE PERIOD FOLLOWING COMMENCEMENT OF COMBAT 
OPERATIONS BY ALLIED FORCES (FROM 0400 HOURS ON 17 
JANUARY 1991), AIRBORNE DUST CONCENTRATIONS OF TOXIC 
AGENTS WERE DETECTED BY OUR CHEMICAL MONITORING.  THE 
CHEMICAL DEFENSE BATTALION COMMANDER'S ACTIVITY REPORT 
COVERING THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 1991 TO 28 FEBRUARY 
1991 CONTAINS THE FOLLOWING STATEMENT: 
 
     "DURING THE PERIOD IN QUESTION, TOXIC DUST 
CONCENTRATIONS OF YPERITE AND SARIN CHEMICAL AGENTS 
WERE DETECTED SEVERAL TIMES AROUND THE BRIGADES, AS 
WELL AS IN KING KHALID MILITARY CITY (I.E., WITHIN THE 
MILITARY ENCAMPMENT IN WHICH THE UNIT IS BILLETED), 
PROBABLY AS A RESULT OF ALLIED AIR STRIKES AGAINST 
CHEMICAL MUNITIONS DEPOTS IN IRAQ."  THIS INFORMATION 
WAS PUBLICIZED IN THE CZECHOSLOVAK MEDIA AT THE TIME. 
 
     THE AFOREMENTIONED FACT IS CONFIRMED BY MEMBERS OF 
THE BATTALION -- CHEMICAL DEFENSE SPECIALISTS WHO 
EVALUATED THE SITUATION AND CARRIED OUT DEFENSIVE 
MEASURES.  A CHEMICAL ALARM WAS IMMEDIATELY ISSUED (SEE 
ENCLOSURE NUMBER 1, A PAGE FROM THE LOG OF THE 
CZECHOSLOVAK ARMED FORCES GENERAL STAFF OPERATIONS 
GROUP IN PRAGUE, ENTRY 56), AND INDIVIDUAL PROTECTIVE 
GEAR WAS DONNED.  THE ALL-CLEAR SIGNAL WAS GIVEN 
APPROXIMATELY TWO HOURS LATER, AFTER REPEATED TEST 
SAMPLINGS YIELDED A NEGATIVE RESULT. 
 
     THE DETECTED CONCENTRATIONS (PLACED AT 0.002 GRAMS 
OF YPERITE PER CUBIC METER AND 0.003 MILLIGRAMS PER 
LITER OF AN UNSPECIFIED TOXIC AGENT) ARE AT THE LIMIT 
OF THE MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE (THRESHOLD) CONCENTRATIONS FOR 
HUMAN LIFE.  HOWEVER, THESE WERE ABSOLUTELY ISOLATED 
POSITIVE RESULTS OF CHEMICAL MONITORING, WHICH WERE NOT 
CONFIRMED BY ANY OF THE OTHER COALITION NATIONS (AS 
INDICATED BY THE STATEMENT FROM 30 JANUARY 1991 THAT, 
"THE CZECHOSLOVAK UNIT HAS NOT DETECTED ANY CHEMICAL 
AGENTS SINCE 19 JANUARY."  SEE ENCLOSURE NUMBER 2, A 
PAGE FROM THE LOG OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK ARMED FORCES 
GENERAL STAFF OPERATIONS GROUP IN PRAGUE, ENTRY 91). 
 
     THE CZECHOSLOVAK CHEMICAL DEFENSE UNIT HAD 
AVAILABLE TO IT ALL OBTAINABLE MODERN MEANS OF CHEMICAL 
 
/****** BEGINNING OF SECTION 003 ******/ 
MONITORING.  THIS CHEMICAL DEFENSE EQUIPMENT IS CAPABLE 
OF DETECTING THRESHOLD SENSITIVITIES (LEVELS NOT 
INTERFERING WITH NORMAL HUMAN ACTIVITY) OF THE 
ANTICIPATED TOXIC AGENTS, AND IT ENABLES 
DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN SARIN NERVE AGENT AND V-TYPE 
AGENTS (NOTE: POTENTIALLY DELAYED-EFFECT PERSISTENT 
NERVE AGENTS MORE EFFECTIVE THAN SARIN). 
     THE ASSERTION THAT THIS CONCERNS A TRULY LOW 
CONCENTRATION NOT CAUSING ANY -- EVEN MINOR TEMPORARY - 
- CHANGES IN THE HUMAN BODY CAN BE SUPPORTED BY THE 
FOLLOWING ARGUMENTS: 
 
     1.  THE RESULTS OF OUR OWN CHEMICAL MONITORING; 
 
     2.  NO SIGNS OF THE EFFECTS OF TOXIC AGENTS WERE 
DETECTED AMONG PERSONNEL AT THE SCENE (TOXIC NERVE 
AGENTS, OF WHICH THE AFOREMENTIONED SARIN IS ONE, CAUSE 
AN IMMEDIATE REACTION, SUCH AS MIOSIS.  THE FIRST 
CLINICAL SIGNS OF YPERITE TOXICATION EXHIBIT THEMSELVES 
4 TO 6 HOURS AFTER CONTAMINATION.); 
 
     3.  NONE OF THE PARTICIPANTS SUFFERED FROM 
SUBSEQUENT EFFECTS. 
 
     IN ADDITION, THERE IS THE UNDISMISSIBLE FACT THAT 
ALL OF THE CHEMICAL DEFENSE SPECIALISTS WERE CAREER 
SOLDIERS (A TOTAL OF 56 OF THEM DURING THE CONFLICT). 
ALL ARE GRADUATES OF MILITARY POST-SECONDARY AND 
SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN THE CHEMICAL DEFENSE BRANCH, AND 
IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION, THEY 
WORKED WITH HIGHLY TOXIC AGENTS IN THE LABORATORY, AS 
WELL AS AT CHEMICAL DEFENSE TRAINING FACILITIES.  THE 
TRAINING OF CHEMICAL DEFENSE SPECIALISTS USING SELECTED 
TYPES OF TOXIC AGENTS (OL-4 SET) (NOTE:  "OL" STANDS 
FOR "TOXIC AGENTS")) TOOK PLACE FROM THE TIME OF THE 
CREATION OF THE CHEMICAL DEFENSE CORPS IN 1950 UNTIL 
FEBRUARY OF 1990, WHEN IT WAS HALTED AS A RESULT OF THE 
COMPLAINTS OF ECOLOGICAL GROUPS AND TOWN MAYORS 
CONCERNING ALLEGED DAMAGE TO THE ENVIRONMENT. 
 
     THE CHEMICAL DEFENSE SPECIALISTS WHO UNDERWENT 
THIS TRAINING ARE PROFESSIONALS AND ARE CAPABLE OF 
DETECTING THE PRESENCE OF KNOWN TOXIC AGENTS ON THE 
GROUND, ON VEHICLES AND EQUIPMENT, AND IN THE AIR, 
WITHIN THE SENSITIVITY LIMITS OF THE DEVICES USED.  IT 
IS THEREFORE HIGHLY LIKELY THAT THE DETECTION OF THE 
PRESENCE OF TOXIC AGENTS IS OBJECTIVE.  THE 
CONCENTRATIONS WHICH WERE TRAINED WITH AT CHEMICAL 
TRAINING FACILITIES AND IN LABORATORIES WERE ALSO 
SEVERAL TIMES HIGHER THAN THE CONCENTRATIONS MEASURED 
IN THE PERSIAN GULF. 
 
     IT IS FUNDAMENTALLY AND WIDELY DEMONSTRATED THAT 
NO COMBAT USAGE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS BY IRAQ OCCURRED, 
AND ANY SUCH OCCURRENCE WOULD ALREADY HAVE BECOME THE 
SUBJECT OF AN EXTENSIVE INVESTIGATION BY INTERNATIONAL 
PEACE ORGANIZATIONS.  THE MEASURED DATA CAN BE JUDGED 
TO HAVE RESULTED FROM AN INDUSTRIAL FACILITY OR A 
CHEMICAL MUNITIONS DEPOT BEING STRUCK DURING ALLIED 
BOMBING.  THIS IS CONFIRMED BY THE REPORT OF THE UNIT 
COMMANDER AND THE STATEMENTS OF DIRECT PARTICIPANTS. 
ALL MEMBERS OF THE UNIT WERE EQUIPPED WITH THE MOST 
MODERN INDIVIDUAL CHEMICAL PROTECTIVE GEAR, WHICH FULLY 
MEETS THE CURRENT INTERNATIONAL STANDARD.  ANY 
CONTAMINATION BY THESE TYPES OF TOXIC AGENTS WOULD 
MANIFEST ITSELF IMMEDIATELY, OR IN A VERY SHORT TIME, 
AND THIS WAS NOT REPORTED.  LATENT DAMAGE, IF IT CAN BE 
TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT AT ALL WITH THIS GROUP OF AGENTS, 
WOULD ALMOST CERTAINLY HAVE BEEN DISCOVERED DURING 
FINAL MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS. 
 
 
/****** BEGINNING OF SECTION 004 ******/ 
      ON THE BASIS OF THE FOREGOING FACTS, IT CAN BE 
CONCLUDED THAT THE EVENT IN QUESTION CAN IN NO WAY BE 
CONNECTED WITH THE USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS -- MEANING 
THEIR EMPLOYMENT IN COMBAT OPERATIONS -- AND THAT NO 
HARM TO PERSONNEL OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK CHEMICAL DEFENSE 
UNIT COULD HAVE OCCURRED AS A RESULT OF THE EFFECTS OF 
COMBAT TOXIC AGENTS.  (NOTE:  THIS PARAGRAPH 
UNDERSCORED) 
 
     THESE CONCLUSIONS ARE CONFIRMED BY MEDICAL SERVICE 
SPECIALISTS AS WELL.  NEITHER AT THE TIME OF THE 
DETECTION OF TOXIC AGENTS, NOR SUBSEQUENTLY, DID ANY 
MEMBER OF THE UNIT SEEK MEDICAL TREATMENT IN CONNECTION 
WITH THIS INCIDENT.  AFTER RETURNING FROM THE PERSIAN 
GULF, ALL MEMBERS OF THE UNIT UNDERWENT COMPLETE 
PHYSICAL EXAMINATIONS AT MILITARY HOSPITALS, PRIMARILY 
AT THE CENTRAL MILITARY HOSPITAL IN PRAGUE.  HERE AS 
WELL, NO SERIOUS CHANGES CAUSED BY DIFFICULT CLIMATIC 
CONDITIONS OR TOXIC AGENT CONTAMINATION WERE DETECTED. 
 
     A NUMBER OF THOSE PARTICIPATING IN OPERATIONS IN 
THE PERSIAN GULF LATER TOOK PART, OR ARE STILL TAKING 
PART, IN THE OPERATIONS OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC ARMED 
FORCES' UNIT IN YUGOSLAVIA.  EVEN AT THE TIME OF THEIR 
DEPLOYMENT, NO ONE CAME FORWARD WITH ANY HEALTH 
PROBLEMS. 
 
     DESPITE THIS, AS OF 31 AUGUST 1993, MILITARY 
PHYSICIANS HAVE EXAMINED 18 PERSIAN GULF VETERANS WHO 
HAVE EXPERIENCED SPECIFIC HEALTH PROBLEMS, AND THREE OF 
THEM ARE STILL UNDER MEDICAL OBSERVATION.  THUS FAR, 
NOTHING HAS BEEN DISCOVERED AMONG THEM WHICH DEVIATES 
FROM "NORMAL" PROBLEMS CONNECTED WITH SIMILAR LONG-TERM 
OVERSEAS TOURS. 
 
LOG ENTRIES CITED IN TEXT, AS WELL AS ONE NOT CITED, 
FOLLOW: 
 
1.  ENCLOSURE 1, ENTRY 56: 
 
TIME:  19 JANUARY, 1810 TO 1850 HOURS 
 
FROM:  K-800 
 
TO:  OPERATIONS GROUP 
 
RECEIVED BY:  COL (ILLEGIBLE) 
 
MESSAGE:  1045 HOURS (0845 HOURS CENTRAL EUROPEAN 
TIME), CHEMICAL ALARM ISSUED FOR KING KHALID MILITARY 
CITY.  DETECTED CONCENTRATION 0.003 MILLIGRAMS PER 
LITER.  NEGATIVE DETECTION 1350 HOURS (1150 HOURS 
CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME).  (2-3 ILLEGIBLE WORDS). 
 
PASSED TO, ACTION TAKEN (SIGNATURE):  GEN ( 
ILLEGIBLE) 
(182 ILLEGIBLE DIGIT HOURS) AND COL (ILLEGIBLE) GEN 
(ILLEGIBLE) (1910 HOURS) (INITIAL) 
 
2.  ENCLOSURE 2, ENTRY 91: 
 
TIME:  30 JANUARY, 1900 HOURS 
 
FROM:  COL KRATOCHVIL 
 
TO:  COL DIVIS 
 
RECEIVED BY:  COL DIVIS 
 
MESSAGE:  1)  THE CZECHOSLOVAK UNIT HAS NOT DETECTED 
ANY CHEMICAL AGENTS SINCE 19 JANUARY. 
          2)  (REQUEST FOR PARTS) 
 
/****** BEGINNING OF SECTION 005 ******/ 
          3)  (ILLEGIBLE) 
PASSED TO, ACTION TAKEN (SIGNATURE):  (PARTS REQUEST) 
PASSED TO SPICAK ON 31 JANUARY 
3.  ENCLOSURE 1, ENTRY 50: 
 
TIME:  19 JANUARY, 1230 HOURS 
 
FROM:  COL VALO 
 
TO:  NSZV (EXPANSION UNKNOWN) 
 
RECEIVED BY:  COL (ILLEGIBLE) FROM THE NSZV AT 1430 
HOURS 
 
MESSAGE:  TWO FIRST-ECHELON CHEMICAL DEFENSE 
DETACHMENTS ARE ASSEMBLED IN THE REAR AREA OF THE 20TH 
BRIGADE OF THE SAUDI ARMED FORCES.  A CHEMICAL ATTACK 
FROM THE IRAQI SIDE OCCURRED ON THE FORWARD LINE OF 
TROOPS AT 0800 HOURS, CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME. 0.002 
GRAMS PER CUBIC METER OF YPERITE MEASURED IN THE AREA 
OF OUR UNITS.  THE UNIT IS O.K. AND PREPARED TO CARRY 
OUT ITS MISSION.  DURING THE MOVEMENT OF THE SAUDI 
ARMED FORCES' BRIGADES, THE (SAUDI) UNITS WERE 
ACCOMPANIED ONLY BY CHEMICAL RECONNAISSANCE SQUADS, 
WITHOUT CROSSING THE SAUDI ARABIAN BORDER. 
 
PASSED TO, ACTION TAKEN (SIGNATURE):  (ILLEGIBLE) 1500 
HOURS 
GEN (ILLEGIBLE) GEN HEVERA (CHIEF OF THE GENERAL STAFF 
INFORMED BY NSZV) COL (INITIAL) 
 
END TEXT 
 
BASORA 
 
BT 
 
#5802 
 
NNNN 
 
 



 

 



Document Page: First | Prev | Next | All | Image | This Release | Search