Document Page: First | Prev | Next | All | Image | This Release | Search

File: ln144-95.txt
Page: 95
Total Pages: 1

*********************************************
This document is a captured Iraqi military record.
It is provided in its original form to include Iraqi
classification markings (i.e. Top Secret, Secret, etc.). 
These classification markings are NOT U.S. Government markings.
*********************************************

Directive

Filename:ln144-95.wpd



Position of Command and Radars

1. Block plans for radar 618
2. "            "        809
3. "            "        command station
4. Modern blackboard for different usages
5. Boards for operations room (white plastic)
6. White plastic boards for operations room (air position)
7. Trace paper for paper and real practice
8. Graphite pens

For Training:

1. Klashnikov rifle 7/62 mm
2. Makarov pistol 9 mm
3. Plan regarding protection masks
3. Purification and first aid equipment
4. Methods of cleaning from chemical agents

Communication:

1. Wireless equipment  m-Shinwa
2. Wireless equipment  b-123 2
3. Wireless equipment  h-rakal









Fighting Battery Plans

1. Aerial system and wave guide for reconnaissance station
2. Transmission system for reconnaissance station
3. Reception system for reconnaissance station
4. Automatic control system for Mico oscillation
5. Distinguishing system
6. System of selecting moving objects
7. --- System
8. Aerial system and wave guide for guidance station
9. Transmission system for guidance station
10.Reception system for guidance station
11.Radiation system
12.Block and operational plan for ---

Bombers

1. System of simultaneous communication
2. Computer plan
3. Rocket section plan
4. Jamming plan

Technical Battery

1. Inspection station- diagram
2. Rocket- diagram
3. Rocket connection  with inspection station - diagram
4. Rocket safety gadget and operation - diagram
5. Rocket Self-guidance head - diagram
6. Rocket mechanical flyer - diagram
7. Rocket wireless detonator - diagram 









				(Top Secret)

Method of Maintaining Weapons for the Infantry

Introduction:
1. Field inspection was made of legions operating in the north and the south 
to ascertain the condition of weapons and equipment in order to maintain them
and keep them operating for the longest possible time.

Purpose:
2. Method of maintainging weapons and equipment and prolonging their life.

Types of Weapons and Equipment for Infantry
3. Weapons and Equipment include the following:
a. Light weapons m/d system
b. Light ammunition/intermediate/heavy m/d projectiles
c. Equipment

All types of equipment related to weapons like cleaning material, covers
delicate tools, night shooting aides.

Maintaining Weapons and Equipment in Stores and Warehouses
4. Weapons and equipment kept in stores and warehouses should be stored 
properly according to the nature of materials taking into consideration 
controls and measures capabale of maintaining stored materials.
These include:
a. Preserving materials through storing them in suitable places regarding  
heat and humidity and protecting them against loss, damage and fire. There 
should also be continuous inspection to be sure that the storage is proper.
b. Constantly inspecting all material received.
c. Planning and supervising all storage activity including receipt and 
delivery and controling the system of delivering material.
d. Utilizing all storage space in a way that makes it more economic. Materials 
should be stored in adequate areas where they can be easily and swiftly moved 
and delivered.
e. Using electronic protectors that facilitate work in stores and warehouses  
which leads to economy in expenses and makes all weapons and supplies within 
reach when requested.
f. Using insecticides and installing fire fighting equipment making sure it is 
workable.

Weapons
5. To maintain weapons in warehouses, the following points should be taken 
into consideration:
a. Lubricating the metal parts of weapons after cleaning them well.
b. Making sure that knobs? are not left open.
c. Keeping all weapons in their boxes when storing them. They should never be 
piled up outside their boxes. 
d. Storing weapons in dry boxes well ventilated and placed on wooden shelves.
e. Storage cards should be kept with boxes all the time.

Ammunition
6. Ammunition should be stored either in ammunition stores where all storage
conditions are available or in the field. Field storage requires the 
following:
a. Storage location must be hidden from aerial observation.
b. Storage location must be far from power generators and populated areas.
c. The soil must be humid.
d. Must be suitable for the passage of vehicles and close to paved roads.

Equipment and Textile Materials
7. Equipment and textile materials must be stored in stores of different 
temperatures. They are usually lighted. The following points should be taken 
into consideration:
a. Covering and wrapping textile materials in a way that prevents dirt from 
penetrating inside them.
b. Combatting insects (like roaches, termites) with insecticides.
c. All textle materials should be placed on wooden shelves far from humid 
areas to protect them from damage.
d. Using storage cards and keeping them in stores and warehouses.

Metals and Delicate Instruments
8. In order to maintain metals and delicate instruments the following should 
be taken into consideration:
a. Uncovered metal materials should be painted with protective metal paint.
b. Metal material should be cleaned then painted with metal paint.
c. Maintaining stored materials made of aluminum by placing them in a dry 
place to guard against corrosion.
d. Delicate instruments should not be covered by any paint or material. It is 
sufficient to rub them with a piece of cloth and clean them from time to time.

Maintaining Weapons, Ammunition and Equipment in Training Centers
9. All weapons and equipment are to be used for training which includes:
a. Method of use, receipt and delivery.
b. Organising and using racks and warehouses and assigning competent elements 
to supervise them.
c. Constant inspection must be carried out by officers.
d. Daily maintenance of weapons, equipment, materials and delicate 
instruments must be carried out as follows:

First: Weapons
(1) Daily, weekly and monthly maintenance should be carried out according to 
instructions under supervision.
(2) Constant inspection should be made of weapons ensuring they are workable.
(3) Securing requirements for maintaining weapons making sure they are stored 
according to instructions contained in official brochures.
(4) Providing weapons security requirements and stressing them
(5) Using special tool for each weapon in maintenance and cleaning
(6) Minimizing detailed disassembly and assembly.
(7) Reporting any damage discovered and repairing it immediately.

Second: Ammunition
(1) Paying attention to all training ammunition and maintaining them to 
prolong their life.
(2) Taking safety precautions in using and handling ammunition.
(3) Ammunition should never be oiled.
(4) Constant inspection should be made of guard and training ammunition making 
sure it is suitable.

Third: Training Equipment
(1) Maintaining textile equipment of weapons
(2) Maintaining instruction aids and blackboards, seats and classrooms and 
inspecting them.
(3) Proper usage of training tools by students under direct supervision.
(4) Placing tools and equipment for projectiles m/d and night vision in 
ventilated warehouses inside their boxes.
(5) Letting electric training equipment rest from time to time so as to 
prolong their life.
(6) Examining the power of ---used with night vision equipment
(7) Making sure that cleaning tools are attached to every weapon.
(8) Making sure that purification? equipment is available.
(9) Making full use of firing equipment and ammunition.

Protecting Weapons and Ammunition at Units

10. Maintenance
a. All brochures on weapons training discuss the subject of maintenance for 
each type of weapon. Therefore, fighters should abide by their contents very 
strictly to protect weapons and prolong their life.
b. Maintenance should be made when weapons are received for the first time. It 
is found that weapons received for the first time are sometimes not 
functioning properly.
c. Before and after real firing with false and real ammunition.
d. Daily, weekly and monthly maintenance.
e. Cleaning and oiling must be made under supervision of instructors who
should inspect cleaning material to make sure it is suitable. They should also 
check parts to make sure they are clean before oiling.

11. How to Protect Weapons

a. Cleaning and oiling tools should be in their proper place, complete and 
used adequately
b. Weapons should be secured and knobs should not be left open.
c. Detailed assembling and disassembling should be reduced to a minimum except 
when parts get wet or when damaged parts are to be replaced.
d. Proper covers for each weapon should be used during movements and while 
resting during fighting.
e. The opening of a barrel should be protected during training and not 
exposed to dirt.
f. In rainy areas rifles should be wrapped with cloth and not oiled in 
changing weather conditions.
g. Making sure that rain does not enter into the barrel during rain.
h. Barrel should be dried well from oil before shelling.
i. Moving parts of the weapon should be oiled. Steady parts need less oiling.

12. Material Used in Cleaning

a. Rifle oil to oil moving parts and the barrel.
b. Gasoline and benzine in equal parts or hot water and soap using 50 grams of 
soap for five gallons of water.
c. Cotton pieces of cloth and flannel.

13. Ammunition

a. Constant inspection of unit ammunition should be made by parties concerned 
to make sure that it is kept constantly in good working condition.
b. Making sure that reserve ammunition of combat and auxiliary units is 
complete and preserved in a way that it can be taken and used quickly.
c. Making sure that ammunition is stored properly and not subjected to sun ray 
directly because of the effect it has on gun powder.
d. Stressing that proper procedures are followed when moving ammunition or 
unloading it.
e. Taking security precautions concerning weapons and their handling.
f. Ammunition should never be oiled.
g. Benefiting to the fullest extent from modern training methods.
h. Never throw away ammunition that looks rusty and not suitable for use.
i. Keeping projectiles m/d packed inside their boxes in shelters and should 
not be taken out except when inspected.
j. Inspecting m/d projectiles as explained in official brochures.
k. Units should not store or use rockets that fall from a height of three 
meters.
l. Projectiles should never be transported without their boxes.
m. Suitable spots for storing projectiles should be selected taking into 
consideration that boxes are stored at a height of 15 -20 centimeters above 
ground to prevent water infiltration. No more than six boxes should be packed 
and a suitable distance is left between the top box and the ceiling for air 
circulation.

14. Speed of Firing

a. All weapons fire ordinarily and fast. Firing is measured by minute. It is 
preferred that firing by all weapons is ordinary during a minute. Weapons 
should not be fired fast except in very necessary onditions.
b. Fire should be opened by all weapons within the indicated range to ensure 
accuracy of targeting.
c. Some weapons are supplied with an extra barrel. In this case barrels should 
be replaced at the end of set shots for change.
d. Weapons should be put aside to cool during constant firing.
e. All weapons should be properly calibrated? to ensure hitting the target 
with minimum ammunition.

15. Night Vision Equipment

a. Night vision equiment should be constantly cleaned. It is important to make 
sure that all other reserve parts are available in the carry bag.
b. Equipment should be stored in a dry room.
c. Temperature in storage room should not exceed 20 c and humidity 10 c.

16. Suggestions on Protecting Weapons, Equipment and Material for Infantry

a. An awareness campaign should be carried out among fighters to explain the 
importance of protecting weapons, equipment and other materials.
b. Cleaning tools and materials should be secured in adequate quantities for 
fighters, since it is noticed that material used in cleaning is insufficient.
c. Allocating a sufficient numbner of weapons for training purposes and 
keeping the rest for combat.
d. Covering intermediate weapons with their special covers in dirt areas.
e. Makaing textile covers for rifles and light machineguns for units operating 
in the desert.
f. Assigning competent officers to administer racks and warehouses.









				(Secret Immediate)

Command Air Defense of First Legion
(Operations)
 No: H/2/10/5588
Date: 1/26/1990

To: KRMI/155
Subject: Directive

Letter of Army General Staff Secret Immediate 6559 dated 11/26/1990 
communicated to us in letter of first legion command Top Secret H2/10/7863 
dated 12/2/1990 regarding carrying our the directive of the Commanding 
President regarding the preservation of weapons, ammunication and equipment 
during the period of blockade for the longest possible period. We advise the 
following:
1. Increasing time of maintenance of weapons, equipment and materials 
particularly those with the fighting units provided it is carried out during 
the day or at night when atmospheric conditions are suitable under personal 
supversion of commanders.
2. Application of storage and maintenance conditions by all units.
3. Making covers for weapons and equipment, particularly units operating in 
desert areas so as to present sand from reaching weapons or equipment.
4. Noting general remarks regarding effect of work in desert areas on weapons 
and equipment as stated in supplement (a) enclosed. Please take necessary 
measures and inform all concerned so that they act accordingly.

				Brigadier
                                Ramadan Mohammad
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion










Date: 2/17/1990
To: First Battery

Enclosed is letter of the commander of dc ql1 593 dated 2/14/1990. Please note 
and pass it on to battery next to you and have it returned to us by repair 
unit.

				Major Abdil Sattar Abdil Jabbar
                                /Commander Rocket battalion









				(Secret Immediate)

Date of drafting: 1/1/1991

From: dc ql2
To: krm/i155-km/ix1023-bim/imm/88
No of origin: 5/15/1/ 6

Letter r km ql 2 Secret Immediate 1379 dated 12/29. A course will be opened to 
acquaint officers with methods of protection against chemical? weapons for 
classes, units and services of our legion at k1k2 ql2 during the period 
1/5/1991 until 1/15/1991. An officer will be assigned to each unit. Competent 
officers will be selected to benefit from their expertise as chemical training 
officers in their units who did not periously participate in this course. 
Please take necessary measures and inform us.

				Brigadier
                                /Commander Air Defense of Second Legion









				(Secret)

HQ Rocket Battalion M/I 155
No: 5/15/155
Date: 1/5/1991

To: Battalion 1k 2
Subject: New candidate

Letter rkm ql2 Secret Immediate 1379 dated 12/29/1990 communicated to us in 
letter of 2nd legion of Air Defense Command 5/15/1/6 dated 1/1/1991. We are 
nominating Lt. Khalaf Salman of our battalion to participate in the course on 
methods of protection against chemical? weapons which will be open from 
1/5/1991 until 1/15/1991. Please inform us of his participation.

				Lt. Colonel
                                /Commander Rockets Battalion m/i/155









				(Top Secret)

HQ Rocket Battalion m/i 155
No: 2/10/2
Date: 1/3/1991

To Battalion m/ix/903
Subject: Directive

Letter of Air Defense Command ql/1 Top Secret Immediate 5588 dated 12/26/1990 
for the pupose of implementing the directive of the Commanding President
(God protect him) regarding the protection of weapons and equipment during the 
period of blockade for the longest possible time according to letter of above 
command. Please take what is necessary concerning it and transmit it to 
Warning and
Observation battalion dc ql1 within 72 hours

				Lt. Colonel
                                Saad Jabir Ali
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi 155









				(Top Secret)

HQ Air Defense of 2nd Legion
(Operation)
No: H/2/1/15
Date: 1/5/1991

To: k.r.m.i/155
    k.m.i.x/1023
    Warning and Observation company
    2nd heavy machinegun company ql2

Subject: Directives

To: Battalion 1k/2
Subject: Directives

Letter of Command, Second Legion Top Secret 106 dated 1/2/1991 directives of  
Commanding President Saddam Hussein (God protect him) during his meeting with 
legion and division commanders night of January 1, 1991 on the occasion of the 
New Year. His Excellency ordered the following:

1- Fighters should be instructed by commanders about the question of religious 
war since our Islamic religion calls for religious war and fight against 
blaspheme and hypocrates and orders all Muslims to die in defense of sacred 
Islamic shrines and expel armies of the infidels from this sacred land no 
matter what the cost is and holding accountable the treacherous rulers, 
descendants of traitor (Abu Rughal) who permitted these allied armies to 
desecrate the land of sacred shrines and mobilize to fight the army and people 
of Iraq because they exposed the papers of the descendants of treachery.
Nothing remained for them except to face their destiny and be cursed by 
history and the nation.

2- Stressing to fighters that Kuwait is Iraqi. It was and will remain Iraqi 
for ever no matter what the sacrifices are. This is an unblemished fact. All 
documents and treaties throughout history confirm that but imperialism tried 
by all means to cut it out from (motherland) Iraq for its own aims and 
ambitions in the region.

3- Explaining the flourishing future of Iraq after the crisis. Iraq will 
become one of the greatest oil nations in the world. It oil resources will be 
one of the factors of prosperity and flourishing for all the Iraqi people and 
the Arab nation. Iraq will have an outlet on the sea that enables it to have 
easy access to the world. All this will affect the regional, political and 
economic future of Iraq and produce positive results with abundant goodness 
for Iraq and the Arab nation.
Pleace arrange a meeting with fighters and explain to them the above and do 
what is necessary.

				Brigadier
                              Hassan Abdil Hadi Al Khayyat
                              /Commander Air Defense of Second Legion










HQ Air Defense of First Legion
(Training)
No: vd/5/26/593
Date: 2/14/1990

To: List (a)
Subject: Brochure

Letter of military press directorate 674 dated 2/4/1990 communicated to us in 
letter of First Legion command 3194 dated 2/10/1990.  We suggest that you 
handle unused and abolished brochures as follows:

1. Brochures that are (not damaged or abolished)  printed in directorate of 
military press should be sent to said directorate.
2. A committe is set up in units to destroy abolished brochures.
Please take necessary measures and act accordingly.

				Colonel
                                Hussein Hamdi Ali
                                /Commander Air efense of First Legion









				(Memo)

From: HQ m/i vital regional position in the north
To: List (b)

Letter of airforce d/c Secret Immediate 206 dated 1/24/1990. Please provide us 
with a report on the needs of your units for visualization, planning and 
training tools as soon as you receive this letter.

(Comment) Commander to be informed when he returns
2/4









HQ Air Defense of First Legion
(Training)
Date: 1/6/1990

To: List a/k155
Subject: Training bulletin

Letter of command First Legion VD/30/151 dated 1/3/1990 and a follow up of our 
letter 3940 dated 1/29/1989. General headquarters training bulletin no/60 for 
the year 1990-s2 should be circulated- at the level of units only.
Please note and send an official to our command to make required photocopies
for your units.

				Major
                                Wa'd Allah Asaad Kahdir
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion









HQ Rocket Battalion mi 155
No: 5/26/432
Date: 3/4/1990

To: Air Defense Command of First Legion
Subject: Receiving a magazine

Your letter vd/5/26/811 dated 3/1/1990. We received a copy of magazine Squad 
Commanders Number one for the year 1990. Please note.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi 155









                               (Secret Immediate)

From: Commander rocket battalion mi 155
No: 170
Date: 2/4/1990

To: List b/lr/155
No: of origin: 5/27/104

We confirm our letter Secret Immediate 88 dated 2/18/1990. Please send us 
report on plosition and needs not only needs. We expect a reply as soon as you 
receive our letter.

				Colonel
                                Hatim Khadr Ibrahim
                                /Commander vital position/northern sector









				(Secret Immediate)

Date of drafting: 8/27

From: dc ql1
To: dc qs2- dc qs7- krli/155- km ix/903- Warning and Observation company dc 
ql1.
No: of origin H/2/10/1213

Letter directorate of mi Secret Immediate 2/10/34/1951 dated 8/22. When a 
radar set of mi units associated with you is returned to warehouses of
surface/air rockets, a report should be made by the factory specialized in 
reparing equipments and m/i rockets which should be sent to the above 
warehouses with the returned set. Please circulate this among all your units 
so that they act accordingly.

				Brigadier
                                Ramadan Mohammad Dannoun
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion









				(Top Secret Immediate)

Ministry of Defense
Air Force and Aaair Defense Command
No: 5/29/9773
Date: 8/26/1990

To: krm/i/155/162/175/183/185/186 hc
Subject: Work schedule

We confirm our letter Secret Immediate 1568 dated 8/2/1990. Please train your 
men according to work schedules attached to our letter above and inform us.

				Colonel
                                Mozaffar Anwar Raouf Al Ali
                                /Director Anti Aircraft Defense










				(To Secret Immediate)

HQ Rocket Battalion mi/155
No: 2/10/494
Date: 9/28/1990

To: Directorate Air Defense
Subject: Receiving schedule brochure

Your confirmation letter Top Secret Immediate 5/29/20/9773 dated 8/26/1990.
We are sending you our official Hameed Ali Beshire to receive brochure on work 
schedule of cadres in electronic war circumstances and act accordingly. Please 
note and inform us.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi/155










				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 8/2/1990
From: Directorate of m/i
To: krm/155- 162-175-185-186 hc
No: of origin 2/10/32/1568

Please send an official to our directorate as soon as you receive t his letter 
in order to receive brochure on work schedule  of cadres in electronic war 
circumstances and act according to it.

				Colonel
                                Adi Aakram Othman
                                /Commander Anti Aircraft Defense









				(Secret Immediate)

Ministry of Defense
Air Force and Air Defense Command
No: 2/10/31/12016
Date: 10/6/1990

To: Rocket Brigade m/i/115
Subject: Lectures

We have detailed Brigadier engineer Adi Akram Othman who has been assigned to 
our directorate to deliver lectures on electronic war to all units of your 
brigade. Please make all necessary preparations for the above lectures and 
inform us.

				Major General
                                Fadil Ali Hussein
                                Director Anti Aircraft Defense









				(Secret Immediate)

HQ Rocket Battalion m/i/155
No: 2/11/2134
Date: 8/21/1990

To: All batteries
Subject: Lectures

Letter Directorate of Anti Aircraft Defense Secret Immediate 12016 dated 
10/6/1990. We have detailed Colonel engineer Adi Akram Othman who is assigned 
to the above directorate to deliver lectures on the electronic war to all 
units of our battalion. Please make all necessary preparations for the above 
lectures and inform us.

				jor
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander krm/i 155









				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 1/28/1990
To: Assistant Anti Aaircraft Defense
No of origin: 2/10/32/4061

Please notify all rocket cadres associated with you to send technical aides 
and commanders of technical batteries to which they are assigned, to our 
directorate at 9:00 on 12/8/1990 bringing with them a report on the 
suitability of TM- T.Z.M tires in their possession in order to discuss with 
them the policy of storing ammunition.

				Brigadier
                                Mahdi Salih Fathi
                                /Director Anti Aircraft Defense










				(Secret Immediate)

HQ Rocket Battalion mi/155
(Operation)
No: H/2/3/2137
Date: 11/29/1990

Tlo: Directorate Anti Aircraft Defense
Subject: Storing Ammunition

Your letter Secret Immediate 4/43/1/32/13912 dated 11/16/1990. Correction has 
been made accordingly. Please note.

				Lt. Colonel engineer
                                Abbas Jassim Mohammad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi/155









HQ Technical Battery
Battalion 155
No: 673
Date: 11/18/1990

Enclosed is letter of Directorate of Anti Aaircraft Defense Secret Immediate
13172 dated 11/31/1990 regarding sending report on position of unit (114).
Please send it to us with an official as soon as possible so as to transmit it 
to above directorate.

				Major
                               Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                               /Commander krm/i 155









                                 (Secret Immediate)

Ministry of Defense
Air Force and Air Defense Command
Anti Aircraft Directorate

No: 2/10/32/13172
Date: 1/5/1990

To: Command of dd ql/2
Subject: Sending Reports

Please inform kri/155 to send a report on the position of units 114 associated 
with them with an officer to our directorate so as to check it and make sure 
it conforms with attitudes sent to us and inform us.

				Brigadier
                                Mahdi Salih Fathi
                                / Director Anti Aircraft Defense









				(Secret)

HQ Air Defense of First Legion
(Operations)
No: H/2/10/1826
Date: 10/14/1990

To List (a) v/155
Subject: Covering Weapons

Letter of army command Secret 4722 dated 10/6/1990 communicated to us in 
letter of First Legion Command Secret 6684 dated 10/7/1990.
1. It was noticed recently that some units which were transporting their heavy 
weapons (guns-tanks etc) did not cover these loads,which makes them exposed
to detection.
2. The above phenomenon has negative effects on military security.
3. The army chief of staff has detailed the military security to follow up 
this matter.

				Brigadier
                                Ramadan Mohammad Dannoun
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion










HQ Aair Defense of 2nd Legion
(Operations)
No: 2/2/2966
Date: 11/22/1990

To: krm/i 155
Subject: Storing ammunition

We refer you to letter of Directorate m/i Secret Immediate 13912 dated 
11/16/1990. Please make corrections and take necessary measufres.

				Colonel
                                Jalil Ibrahim Ismael
                                /Commander Aair Defense for Second Legion









Date: 10/22

To: bi (1)

Enclosed is letter of Directorate of Air Defense Secret 1826 dated 10/14/1990. 
Please note and send to battery next to you and have the repair workshop 
return it to us.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander krm+/i/155









Date: 10/22/1990

To: Bi1

Enclosed is letter of command dc ql1 4788 dated 10/14/1990 regarding 
recruiting of officers who have reached legal age. Please note, send to 
battery next to you and retjurn to us.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander krm/i 155









				(Top Secret)

HQ Aair Defense of First Legion
(Operations)
No: H/2/10/1795
Date: 10/8/1990

To: List (1) kr/155
Subject: Information

Letter of Army General Staff Top Secret 4549 dated 9/30/1990 communicated to 
us in letter of First Legion Command Top Secret dated 10/3/1990.

1. It was noticed recently that tracers and chemical warning signals and 
lighting signals for pilots, were fired during weddings and other celebrations 
without reservation.
2. To restrict this phenomenon we advise the following:
a. Taking necessary measures to control this type of ammunition.
b. Advising all your units to restrict this action. Special units will follow 
up this matter and severe measures will be taken against violators.
Please do what is necessary and act accordingly.

				Brigadier
                                Ramadan Mohammad Dannoun
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion









HQ Air Defense of First Legion
(Operations)
No: 9/2/10/1677
Date: 9/18/1990

To: List (1) K/155
Subject: Using Straila rockets at night

Letter of Directorate of Anti Aircraft Defense Secret Immediate 2/10/22/1082 
dated 9/13/1990. As a follow up of our letter Secret Immediate 1101 dated 
8/21/1990.
1. Please add the following sentence to paragraph (d) Article (2) of 
recommendations sent to you: (and when a hostile target is observed by the 
shooter).
2. Please add paragraph (l) to article (2) above as shown below:
(L. Using aiming system that is in the tires of Straila rocket am and 10-m 
during aiming)
Please do what is necessary and inform us.

				Brigadier
                                Ramadan Mohammad Dannoun
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion









Date: 9/9/1990
To: First Battery

Enclosed is Letter dc fs7 537 Secret Immediate dated 8/31/1990.
Please note and transmit to battery next to you and have it returned to us by 
the repair workshop.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion m.i/155









				(Secret Immediagte)

Date of drafting: 10/16/1990

From: dc ql 1
To list (1) kr/155

No of origin: H/2/10/1433

Letter of the Ministry of Interior (Permanent committee for controlling 
circulation of biological and chemical material in the country) Secret 
Personal vu/12367 dated 10/2/1990 communicated to us in letter  (by 
sub committee for controlling  circulation of biological and chemical 
material) Secret 7 dated 5/10 communicated to us in letter ql 1 Secret 
Immediate 5604 dated 10/14. Due to the present circumstances in which our
struggling country is passing in confronting the attack by imperialism, 
zionism and Arab reactionaries, please take suitable measures to apply 
restrictions on the circulation of biological and chemical materials and
pay attention to the method of storage and distribution. The above committee 
will make surprise field visits to make sure of that. Please do what is 
necessary and act accordingly

				Brigadier
                                Ramadan Mohammad Dannoun
                               /Commander Air Defense for First Legion










				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 8/31
From: dc qs7
To: kr/155
No of origin: 2/10/537

Letter of ql 3 Secret Immediate 25 dated 8/24 communicated to us in letter qs 
Secret Immediate 3321 dated 8/26. Due to lack of available engineering 
materials, we propose that all units dig positions for tires, armor and 
artillery according to regular measurements. Please take necessary measures 
and inform us.

				Colonel
                                /Commander dc qs7
                                










				(Secret)

HQ Rocket Battalion qi 155
No: 2/10/2121
Date: 10/22/1990

To: Command Air Defense for Second Legion
Subject: Camouflage nets

Please contact authorities to secure 60 camouflage nets to cover combat 
equipment and tires of combat and technical batteries of our battalion and 
inform us.

				Lt. Colonel Engineer
                                Abbas Jassim Mohammad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion qi 155









				(Top Secret)

HQ Rocket Battalion qi 155
No: 2/11/3
Date: 10/1990

To: Directorate of Anti Aircraft Defense
Subject: Reply

Your letter Top Secret 4/71/4/31/12132 dated 10/8/1990. Enclosed is the 
detailed technical report on all damage that has been repaired by officer 
engineers. Please note.

				Lt. Colonel Engineer
                                Abbas Jassim Mohammad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion qi 155









				(Secret)

Air Defense Command of First Legion
(Operations)
No: h/2/10
Date: 8/9/1990

To: List (6) kr/155
Subject: Directives

Letter of First Legion Command Secret 5087 dated 8/6/1990. Below are 
directives from Army General Staff contained in you letter Secret 2697 dated 
8/15/1990. Please carry it out accurately and make violators severely
accountable.

1. It is noticed that there have been a number of violations and 
irregularities by officers and military police and also exploitation of
state vehicles, including the following:

Violation of Military Discipline.
  a. Officers and men not saluting senior officers.
  b. Military uniform not complete while military personnel are walking in
  towns (Removing berets, belts and not wearing military shoes).
  c. Attire not uniform.
  d. Bad attire (Not ironed, not shaven and unshining shoes).
  e. Improper size of attire.
  f. Behaving in a superior manner toward citizens while walking in markets
     or streets.
  g. Carrying arms in an improper way.

Exploiting State Vehicles
  a. Civilians (family) are using officers vehicles during work hours and
     outside it.
  b. Military vehicles are used for private affairs of officers (Transporting
     material for construction etc)
  c. Vehicles are driven by drivers while bare headed.
  d. Military vehicles are parked in homes of officers or drives.
  e. Military drivers violate traffic regulations in general (Ignore
     traffic signs and stand in prohibited spots)
  f. No care is given for maintenance and outside appearance of military
     vehicles.
  g. Vehicles are driven by officers while in civilian or military attire.

Due to the above we suggest the following:
  a. Concerned government department should study with the administrative
     department the following:
	First. The possibility of unifying attire in coordination with the
     ministry of industry and military industrialization with the aim of
     producing required clothing according to military attire brochure.
     Second. Completing the cadre of military sewing factory so as to be
     able to sew the required number of uniforms for officers. As for NCOs,
     a contract can be signed with the private sector to provide the required
     amount annually with a long term contract. Or, if funds are available,
     uniforms can be imported from international companies according to
     military attire brochure.
     Third. Importing attire supplements, excluding shoes from foreign
     companies.
  b. Having officers inspect NCOs before they go to town or on leave.
  c. Morning review is made of all units, departments and directorates
     of the general headquarters to asscertain proper attire, shaving and
     cleanliness.
  d. Stressing to officers and men the necessity of abiding by military
     discipline and salutation.
  e. Military vehicles should not be parked outside specified areas and
     they should not be driven by unauthorized officers or men.
  f. Civilians, including families of officers, should be prevented from
     riding in military vehicles.

				Colonel
                                Ramadan Mohaaammad Dannoun
                                /Commander Air Dfense of the First Legion










				(Secret)

HQ Rocket Battalion..
No: 2/10/105
Date: 10/6/1990

To: All batteries
Subject: Recommendations

Letter of Anti Aaircraft Defense Directorate Secret 10913 dated 9/15/1990.
Please make sure of the following:
1. Be very careful of misleading glider planes which the enemy might use to 
deplete rockets and distinguished them with the help of television systems and 
parameters of their movements (also pilotless planes). Only one battery should 
be detailed to engage them. All batteries should not be engaged and should not 
fire excessively. Enclosed is a lecture on glider planes.
2. Hostile planes might be quipped with anti-radar rockets. Therefore, 
television systems should be used during the day and accurate radar systems 
during the night.
3. In order to maintain combat action as much as possible and to prevent the 
enemy from harming our equipment, all combat positions should be protected 
with sand bags if they cannot be burried.
Please do what is necessary under personal supervision of battery commanders.

                                     Major
                                     Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                     /Commander krm/i 155









HQ 2nd Legion Communications
No: 8/2/5276
Date: 10/15/1990

To: Warehouses communication Materials ql2
Subject: Delivery

We advise that you deliver (4) kms of field wire to kmi/155 when requested.

				Colonel
                                Zuhair Ali Abdil Wahhab










HQ Rocket Battalion mi/155
No: 2/8/2197
Date: 10/20/1990

To: Commander 2nd Legion Communication
Subject: Reply

Your letter 2/8/5276 dated 10/15/1990. We have received materials. Please 
note.

				Lt. Colonel Engineer
                                Abbas Jassim Mohammad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi/155









			       (Lecture)


1. Purpose: Gliders are used (because it is difficult to distinguish them from 
real planes) to confuse combat ability of anti-aircraft defense through 
depletion and confusion of m/i rocket batteries and saturate them with radar.
2. Technical Description of glider planes: There are two types of glider 
planes, with engine and without engine. It is believed that part of them was 
used in the battle over the Bikaa valley (in Lebanon) by the Zionist enemy.
a. Flight characteristics of engineless gliders.
First, When separated from planes carrying them, their speed is relatively 
high (200 m per second).Then it reaches the coasting speed.
Second. It starts coasting  at a certain speed until it hits ground. It is 
air-born for 3-4 minutes and flies 25-50 kms horizontally.
b. Flight characteristics of gliders supplied with engines differ from 
engineless gliders in the following:
First- Ability to fly horizontally for about five minutes at .,.9 Mac to a 
distance of 70-110 kms.
Second- It starts coasting at a certain degree until it hits ground.
3. Load of glider planes
a. Engineless gliders: Engineless gliders can carry a load of 1,5 kgms at a 
size of 1/3 ft which could be
First. Radar reflection equipment which can be put inside the body of the 
plane. Because of the narrowness of this equipment its effect is mainly on 
centimeter maves. Its effect is limited on decimeter waves and minimal on 
meter waves.
Second. Metal parts for negative jamming. They are launched in groups every 
few second to cover certain area. They affect all wavelengths including the 
meter wavelength.
Third. Because of the limitation in size and weight, noisy jamming cannot be 
used effectively. Therefore, effective use is made by repeated jamming to show 
false signals on radar screens.
b. Glider planes equipped with engines can carry a load of about 3 kgms and a 
size of 1 cubic foot. It could be as follows:
First. Its diameter is double that of the engineless glider and can carry 
radar reflectors that have major effect on centimeter and decimeter 
wavelengths but minor effect on meter wavelengths.
Second. It can carry metal parts for negative jamming. These parts can be 
launched to a distance of scores of kilometers and they affect all wavelengths 
including meter wavelengths.
Third: Positive jamming.  Explained above.
4. Using glider planes. Glider planes are used according to requirement as 
follows:
a. Before target area of m/i weapons in the direction of the target before the 
arrival of war planes and prior to air strike.
b. Before target area of m/i weapons in the direction of the target at the 
same time as war planes arrive and strike.
c. Outside target area of m/i weapons in a direction different from that of 
war planes to confuse air defense systems and not letting them know the real 
direction of the attack.
d. In selected areas for attrition purposes (without air strike) to deceive 
air defense teams by constantly seeing these objects on radar screens. The 
enemy might exploit the situation and send planes to deal air strikes.
e. Other methods might be used by the enemy depending upon his planning.
5. Recommendations
a. Pursue the method of searching for hostile objects and destroying them 
according to responsibilities of m/i weapons, including rockets and artillery.
b. Plans should be drawn up by brigade and battalion commands for the method 
of tracing objects according to height. They should not oconfine themselves to 
one single height because the enemy might strike from a height different from 
that of glider planes.
c. Because glider planes fly almost in a streight line and at a certain height 
and because they do not maneuver, it is possible to distinguish them from real 
strike planes.
d. Because glider planes show no reaction when traced or locked, they can be 
distinguished from real strike planes.
e. When rocket batteries are fired as a test, no reaction is shown by the 
glider planes. They don't maneuver in height, speed or direction, which proves 
that they are misleading targets.
f. Benefit from television sets and visual observations systems as 
circumsstances permit.
g. The speed of 200 m per second can be taken as a criterion to distinguish 
real planes from gliders when tracing the object because the speed of glider 
planes cannot exceed 200 m/second shortly after launching and then diminishes.
h. As soon as gliders separate from real planes they can be spotted on radar
screens and rocket aiming stations. As a result real planes can be traced and 
destroyed.
i. Border observation stations can be instructed to compute the approximate 
number of planes entering the air space of the country, particularly in 
suitable weather conditions and compare that number with the number of air 
objects in the protected area to conclude that there are false planes in the 
area.
j. When it is confirmed that there are gliders in the firing and destroying 
area and it is difficult to distinguish them from real planes, it is important 
to economise in firing rockets because the enemy might be planning to launch 
air strikes after depletion of loaded rockets.









				(Secret)

Ministry of Defense
Air Force and Aair Defense Command
Directorate of Anti-Aircraft Defense
No: 2/10/30/10913
Date: 9/19/1990

To: lrm/i
    krm/i/155
Subject: Recommendations

Please stress to your batteries the following:
1. Extreme attention should be given to false glider planes which the enemy 
might use to deplete rockets and saturate air defense systems and the method 
of detecting them by television systems and the parameters of their movement
(including real planes). Only one battery should be detailed to engage them. 
All batteries should not be engaged and firing should not be excessive. 
(Enclosed is a lecture on glider planes)
2. Enemy planes might be armed with anti radar rockets. Therefore, television 
systems should be used during the day and accurate radar system during the 
night, as indicated in our letter Secret 4468 dated 4/29/1990
3. In order to preserve combat ability as much as possible and to prevent the 
enemy from damaging our equipment, all combat positions should be protected 
with sand bags and all cables should be covered and burried in the ground or 
covered with sand bags if it is not possible to burry them.
Please take necessary measures under personal supervision of commanders of 
your brigades and battalions.

				Major General
                                Fadil Ali Hussein
                                Director Anti Aircraft Defense









Date: 6/20/1990

To: First Battery

Enclosed is letter of Ql 1 Secret 794 dated 6/11/1990. Please note and 
transmit to battery next to you and have repair workshop return it to us.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander Rocket battalion mi/155









HQ Air Defense of First Legion
(Operations)
No: h/2/10/794
Date: 6/11/1990

To: List (a) K/155
Subject: Violations

Letter of Army General Staff 2623 dated June 3, 1990 communicated to us in 
letter of First Legion Command Secret 3506 dated June 5, 1990.
1. There have been numerous cases recently of officers and men using military 
vehicles on missions other than those assigned to them in violation of orders 
and instructions as stated below:

a. Officers violations
First. Officers, not drivers, driving vehicles in military uniforms.
Second. Using vehicles to transport their families.
Third. Using side and rear curtains of vehicles.
Fourth. Using tinted glass.
Fifth. Using sedan and Landcruise vehicles in civilian colors.

b. Violations by NCOs and drivers
First. Vehicles did not carry the official military tag numbers
Second. Vehicles driven in civilian clothes.
Third. Violation of traffic regulations, like driving against the direction of 
traffic or standing in prohibited spots or obstructing traffic.
Fourth. Carrying more passengers than permissible in the drivers cabin.
Fifth. Leaving vehicles at night in streets and alleys and in front of the 
homes of drivers.
Sixth. Taking civilians and family members in military vehicles.

2. We urge holding violators accountable, preventing these saymptoms and 
abiding by orders and regulations to that effect. Awareness campaigns for 
officers and men and driverfs should be carried out on a continuous basis.

				Brigadier
                                Arif Tahir Hassan
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion









				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 9/3
From: Krm/i 155
To: Command of dc/qs7

No of origin: 2/10/469

Your letter Secret Immediate 2/10/531 dated 8/27/1990. Action has been taken 
accordingly.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion m/i 155









Command Communication of the 2nd Legion
No: 2/8/4702
Date: 9/11/1990

To: Warehouse Communication Material for Ql 2
Subject: Delivery

We recommend delivering (6) six kms of field cables to krm/i/155 upon request

                                   Brigadier
                                   Zuhair Ali Abdil Wahhab
                                   /Commander Communication of 2nd Legion

Copy to: krm/i/155--Please inform of receipt.









				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 8/27

From: dc qs7
To: kr/155

No of origin: 2/10/531

Letter of sshc Secret Immediate 5874 dated 8/16 communicated in letter fs7
Secret Immediate 3296 dated 8/23. Attention: Minister of Industry and Military
Industrialization.
Commands and unit headquarters should be located in suitable areas. Residences 
of princes and officials should not be used. Suitable government buildings can 
be selected. Residences of princes and officials should be protected. This is 
the responsbility of commanding officers. Please take necessary measures and 
inform us.

				Brigadier
                                /Commander dc fs7 









				(Secret Immediate)

HQ Rocket Battalion m/i 155
No: 2/10/438
Date: 8/31/1990

To: Bi  (   )
Subject: Directive

Letter of dc fs7 command Top Secret Immediate 157 dated 8/27/1990. Enclosed is 
copy of the letter of command fs Top Secret Immediate 747 dated 8/23/1990. 
Please note and take necessary measures.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander m/i 155









				(Top Secret)

Command of m/i Vital Position, Northern Sector
(Chemical)
No: km/665
Date: 4/26/1990

To: Commander (b) kr/155
Subject: Sending chemical protection recommendation no (1)

Enclosed is a photocopy of the letter of Fourth Air Defense Command with all 
attachments regarding chemical protection recommendations no (1). Please act 
accordingly and circulate them among all your units

				Colonel 
                                Hazim Khadr
                                Major
                                Hamad Ahmed Mohammad

(Comment)
To: kmic/58- Please send the chemical instructor of you battalion to inspect
the protection (   ) of our command as soon as you receive this letter and 
inform us.









Command of m/i
(Operations)
No: 2/8/1838
Date: 6/28/1990

To: kmic/58
Subject: Needs

Letter of the Command of 4th Air Defense Sector 5261 dated 6/24/1990.Enclosed 
is copy of the letter of Assistant Air Defense Commander 803 dated 6/24/1990 
with all attachments.  Please note and state your needs and transmit to the 
unit next to you and inform us.


                                   Colonel
                                   Khalid Mohammad Abid
                                   /Commander m/i









				(Top Secret Immediate)

Command of 7th Infantry Division
General Command
(Operations)
No: 2/  / 747
Date: 8/23/1990

To: List (a)
Subject: Directive

Letter of Third Legion Command Top Secret 7 dated 8/21/1990. Grazing of sheep 
is prohibited in the area between the frontal ridge of our units and the Saudi 
borders. An order should be issued to pull out sheep from this area to any 
other area and not to allow civilians to cross in front of our advanced units. 
We are going to confiscate sheep in the future.

				Major General
                                Amir Jassim Hamu
                                Commander 7th Infantry Division










				(Top Secret Immediate)

Command of Air Defense Fs7
(Operations)
No: 2/10/157
Date: 8/27/1990

To: Kr/155
Subject: Directive

Enclosed is copy of fs7 command letter Top Secret 747 dated 8/23/1990. Please 
note and take necessary measures.

				Colonel
				Adnan Abdil Amir Abbas
                                /Commander Air Defense fr7









				(Top Secret)

HQ 4th Chemical Air Defense Sector
No: km/466/6347
Date: 8/11/1987

To: All our units
Subject: Sending Chemical Protection Recommendations No: 1

Letter of Chemical Agent Commandscdc Top Secret 294 dated 7/17/1987. Enclosed 
is a copy of Chemical Protection recommendations No: 1 prepared by the above 
command. Please act according to them and circulate among all your units.

				Air Force Brigadier
                                Mohammad Saleh Mustafa
                                Commander 4th Aair Defense Sector

Copies to:
Chemical Agent Command fc dc
Command of Hurriyya air base
Command of Saddam air base
Command of Firnas? air base
Command of Bakr air base
Chemical staff officer s4









HQ bi/5 kr/155
No 2/8/12
Date: 1/12/1990

To: HQ kri/155
Subject Equipment requested

Your letter 2/8/55 dated 1/9/199. We don't need any equipment at present. 
Please note.

				Major
                                Salameh Hameed Irzaiq
                                /Commander bi krmi/155









HQ 4th Battery krmi/155
No:2/8/7
Date: 1/11/1990

To: HQ rocket battalion mi/155
Subject: Requesting equipment and other materials

Your letter NO 2/8/55 dated 1/9/1990. We'll act according to it.

				Major
                                Abid Dahri
                                /Command bi 4  krmi/155
                                Captain
                                Mohammad Aswad Ahmed









HQ Rocket Battalion m/i 155
No: 2/8/55
Date: 1/9/1990

To: All batteries
Subject: Requesting equipment and reserve materials

Letter of Directorate of Aircraaft Resistance u4/m/2/11948 dated 1/28/1990 
communicated to us in letter of Air Defense Command of First Legion 2/8/17 
dated 1/4/1990. Requests for weapons, equipment and different materials should 
be submitted without stating the unit's position. Please note the following:
1. The position of unit requesting weapons, equipment and materials should be 
stated as shown below explaining that request is made to fill in shortage or 
compensate damaged or lost or consumed materials. Also, the number and date of 
 consumption letter and name of consuming party should be stated in the 
reemarks column.

Item (Equipment/Material)   Cadre   Available   Increase    Decrease  Remarks

2. Reason for requesting reserve material for equipment and weapons should be 
explained as being compensation for damaged or consumed materials stating 
number and date of consumption letter and name of consuming party in the 
remarks column of enclosed form. Please take necessary measures and inform us.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion m/i 155









                              (Secret)

HQ Air Defense for First Legion
(Operations)
No: h/2/10/457
Date: 3/27/1990

To: List (6) k/155
Subject: Directives

Letter of Army General Staff Secret 1284 dated 3/14/1990 communicated to us in 
letter of First Legion command Secret 1786 dated 3/18/1990. In order to 
complete the process of structuring formations and units and maintaining their 
responsibilities we advise the following:

1. The time for delivering responsibilities to administrative officers in 
frozen and structured units should not exceed three months instead of the 
period stated earlier so that they have enough time to complete delivering 
their responsibilities.
2. Division commanders and their general staff and services should supervise 
the actual process of structuring in formations and units in their sector and 
they should interfere in details of that presently and in the future.
3. Interfering in, assisting and following up the structuring of their
formations and units, finding out about obstacles and handling them and 
informing us of any requests beyond their potentials so as to secure them for 
them.
4. The command, general staff and services of the legion should give 
assistance and actual supervision on structuring and freezing of commands and 
formations in our sector and interfere in the details of that presently and in 
the future in coordination with divisions and commands. They should continue 
to implement that attaching great importance to it according to instructions 
given to you constantly in this respect by legion commander directly. Routine
reports on obstructions should be given so as to deal with them immediately.

				Brigadier
                                Arif Tahir Hassan
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion









				(Top Secret)

Letter from the Presidency

Bo: 1779
Date: 3/29/1990

Information has been received to the effect that the Zionist entity intends, 
in coordination with the United States, to deal a blow to our military 
installations including Saad installation. It is expected that the operation 
will take place after East German elections. Therefore, we advise that utmost 
combat preparedness is taken by all weapons of m/i and air defense. Commanders 
or their representatives and combat teams should be available. Emphasis should 
be made on radar detection and visual observation, checking the suitability of 
weapons and equipment of m/i and intercepting planes. Applying emergency plan 
including night preparation.

				Colonel
                                Nawaf Jabr Al Laila
                                Commander m/i Vital Position Northern Sector









				(Secret Immediate)

Date 3/21/1990
No of origin: 2/16/73

From: krli 155

To: Command of m/i Vital Position/Northern Sector for 3/30/1990.

Information has been received to the effect that the Zionist entity intends, 
in coordination with the United States... etc. Same as letter from Presidency 
earlier.

                                     Major
                                     Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                     /Commander km/i 155
                                     Major
                                     Shihab Ahmed Salman









				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 1/12/1990
No of origin: 2/8/29

Please inform us of shortages of your units in chemical equipment so as to 
contact authorities to replenish the above equipment. kmic/527.
Your letter Secret 386 dated 12/19/1989.

				Major 
                                /Commander Vital Position/ Northern Sector
                              









				(Secret)

HQ Rocket Battalion m/i 155
No: c/2/8/30
Date: 1/17/1990

To command of m/i Vital Position/ Northern Sector
Subject: Chemical equipment

Your letter Secret Immediate 29 dated 1/12/1990. We need CS substance in order 
to examin protection masks. Please note.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                Commander Rocket Battalion m/i 155









Date: 3/31/1990

To: Administrative Officer

Enclosed is letter of command of d/c fl 1 Secret h/2/10/457 dated 3/27/1990, 
regarding directives.  Please take necessary measures regarding its content 
and return letter to us as soon as possible.

				Major
                                Shihab Ahmed Salman
                                /Command krm/ i 155









				(Top Secret)

Chemical Protection Plan No (1)

Maps:
1. Position
   a. The enemy:
      First. The Irani enemy possesses toxic chemical agents and incendiary
             materials and means of carrying them to their targets with
             aircraft, rockets and long-range artillery.
      Second.The Israeli enemy possesses weapons of mass destruction (nuclear,
             chemical and biological) and incendiary materials and means of
             carrying them to their targets.
      Third. There is a possibility that enemies of Iraq, particularly Iran,
             will use weapons of mass destruction against the sectors, bases
             and units of our air force in the form of chemical weapons.
      Fourth.The Iranian enemy used toxic chemical agents (fosygin type)
             in the sector of fl 3? on 4/9/1987.
      Fifth. The Iranian and Israeli enemies used incendiary substances in
             previous battles.
   b. Our Units:
      Our units are supported by:
      First. The chemical squad of Al Hurriyya Air Base
      Second.The chemical squad of Saddam Air Base. Our units are stationed
             near the base.
      Third. The chemical squad of Farnas Air Base. Our units are stationed
             near the base.
      Fourth.The chemical squad of Air Force Academy. Our units are stationed
             near the academy.
      Fifth. The chemical squad of Bakr Air Base. Our units are stationed
             near the base.
      Sixth. Chemical instructors in units.
2. Mission
Securing all necessary protection measures and giving chemical support to mass 
destruction weapons of the units of sector dc/4
3. Implementation
a. Detecting and Destoying Mass Destruction Weapons of the Enemy
   -------------------------------------------------------------
      First. Operation and security officers in units of our sector are
             responsible for detecting actions and intentions of the enemy and
             means of using weapons of mass destruction, benefiting from means
             of chemical reconnaissance in their units when carrying out air
             strikes against enemy sectors.
      Second.Aircraft, including fighters, and air defense systems, will
             abort enemy attack by destroying weapons of mass destruction and
             means of carrying them.
b. Chemical Observation:
   -------------------- 
      First. A chemical observation post should be opened close to the unit
             by the chemical instructor.
      Second.Units that do not have a chemical instructor open an
             observation post benefiting from NCOs who had entered chemical
             courses.
      Third. Chemical reconnaissance vehicles detailed to chemicaal squad at
             Al Hurrayya Air Base and chemical squad at Saddam and Firnas Air
             Bases can be used.
c. Chemical Reconnaissance
   -----------------------
      First. Assigning
             (1) Chemical instructors should inspect contaminated areas of
             their units using chemical inspection and reconaissance 
             equipment.
             (2) Helicopters can be used for radiation inspection and
             measurement if necessary.
      Second.Duties
             (1) Detecting the kind of toxic chemical agent.
             (2) Locating areas that are chemically contaminated.
             (3) Assessing the level of radiation.
             (4) Taking samples and sending them to the chemical field
                 laboratory.
             (5) Inspecting contamination routinely.
d. Chemical Warning
   ---------------- 
      First. General
             Signals will be given by command headquarters  concerning the
             start of chemical attack by the enemy. Below are details 
             concerning these signals:









Type and Meaning of Signal                Warning Signals


                               Wire     Light      Wireless   Internal radio
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Chemical attack   Original     gas     Warning      111       Gas-Gas-Gas
                                       flames-1

                  Alternate   suffoca  same         333       Gas-Gas-Gas
-                             ting
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Biological attack Original    biolog   Warning      222        Bio-Bio-Bio
                              ical     flames-2
                  Alternate   Bacter   same         444        Bact-Bact-Bact
                              ia
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nuclear attack    Original    atom     --           555        atom-atom-atom

                  Alternate   thunder  --           777        thun-thun-thun
------------------------------------------------------------------------------

End of attack     Original    sun      --           666        sun-sun-sun

                  Alternate   light    --           888        lite-lite-lite









      Second. Units should be responsible for issuing local warning signals
              provided they are placed in work records, operation rooms,
              telephone exchanges and chemical observatories. All unit members
              should be notified and the following measures should be taken
              when there is a chemical warning.
              (1) Wearing protection masks and continuing routine duties.
              (2) Using air conditioned shelters by those who are not assigned
              any duties.
              (3) Informing the supreme command of the strike.
      Third.  Priority is given to giving chemical warning signal.
      Fourth. Any air raid or hostile rocket or artillery shelling is
              considered to be a warning of a chemical strike.

                                     Local Warning
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Start of chemical attack     Red flags    Continuous    Continuous banging on
                                         whistling     bowls or guns
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
End of chemical warning    White flags   Intermittant  Intermittant banging on
                                         whistling     bowls or guns
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
e. Protection
   ----------
      First. Protection masks should be carried by all unit members or should
             be at a close distance from them. They should be inspected and
             prepared beforehand and must be worn as soon as warning signals
             are given of the possible existence of contamination. Masks are
             to be taken off only by order.
      Second.Individuals not assigned any duties should enter shelters and
             fortified installations. Unit members should be divided according
             to the geographic location before mass destruction weapons are
             used.
      Third. Skin protection clothes should be worn by individuals who are
             assigned in the open air, after wearing protection masks.
      Fourth.Eating, drinking and smoking are strictly forbidden in contamin-
             ated areas.
f. Purification
   ------------- 
      First. Partial purification of individuals is carried out by instructors
             by a direct order from commanders as soon as contamination takes
             place, using purification and first aid equipment.
      Second.Partial purification of vehicles, weapons and equipment takes
             place under the supervision of the chemical instructor, using
             water, soap or salt and using purification equipment A-dk-1
      Third. Full purifaction takes place by order of the sector commander. It
             should be carried out by the chemical squads of Hurriyya, Saddam,
             Firnas and Bakr Air Bases.
      Fourth.Unit officers should always keep a reserve of clothes amounting
             to 10%.
      Fifth. Utilizing bathrooms in the units for purification.
      Sixth. Purification solutions and powder should be available at units
             at all times.
      seventh.Refer to ( ) to know the location of original purification
             stations sent to you in our letter Top Secret.
g. Protection Against Incendiary Substances
   -----------------------------------------
      First. Spreading out of individuals and machinery according to 
             situation.
      Second.Placing all inflammable materials in shelters for protection
      Third. Identifying alternate positions so as to move to them when
             necessary.
      Fourth.Minimizing gatherings when operations start.
      fifth. Providing alternate methods of fire extinguishing (Dirt, water)
      Sixth. Never approaching a burning object.
      Seventh.Use numerous structure? positions.
      Eighth.The following measures should be taken to protect against
             incendiary substances
             (1) Spreading out individuals, vehicles and equipment
             (2) Inspecting and preparing fire extinguishers and testing them.
             (3) Securing fire fighting equipment near planes, headquarters,
                 warehouses and inflammable materials and equipment utilizing
                 medical materials and equipment in fire fighting.
             (4) Preparing natural materials for fire fighting.
             (5) The following measures should be taken to protect individuals
                 against incendiary substances.

             (1) An individual who receives injuries from incendiary
                 substances should be taken out from the fire area against
                 the direction of wind.
             (2) The victim should remove his clothes and extinguish them. The
                 best way to extinguish fire is through isolating the burning
                 area.
             (3) Removing the burning material from the body.
             (4) It is totalling forbidden to rub the burning substance on
                 the body because that increases its area and intensifies its
                 inflamation.
h. Controlling SDamage
   ----------------------

      First.Formation:
             (1) An infantry company of the Defense and Duties regiment/23
             (2) Chemical reconnaissance patrol from the chemical squad of Al
                 Hurriyya Air Base.
             (3) Engineering squad from the sector hqs.
             (4) Rescue vehicle from factory/ 85
             (5) First aid vehicle with a doctor from Al Hurriyya Air Base.
      Second.Duties
             (1) Investigating results of the chemical strike
             (2) Determining work necessary to remove destruction
             (3) Removing debris, reopening roads and taking away damaged
                 and destroyed vehicles
             (4) Evacuating injured persons and giving them first aid.
      Third. Assignment
             (1) The commander of the force controlling damage is the
                 Commander of Defense and Duties Regiment/23
             (2) The force in charge of controlling damage assembles
                 immediately at the Hq of our sector as soon as orders
                 are given to it.
             (3) The force commander and the Chief of Staff of the sector
                 coordinate with Al Hurriyya Aair Base to secure the needs of
                 the force and appoint vehicles, drivers and individuals
                 by name
I. Chemical Analysis
   -----------------
      First. Samples of chemically contaminated materials should be sent to
             the HQ of our sector in order to be sent to the chemical squad of
             Al Hurriyya Air Base to be examined by the chemical field
             laboratory. Units that are far from the HQ of our sector can use
             the chemical squads of air bases close to them.
      Second.Samples of biologically contaminated materials should be sent to
             the closest military hospital for analysis and diagnosis.
      Third. Inspection results should be sent to the HQ of our sector and to
             the Chemical Agent Command.
J. Chemical Reports
   ----------------
             (1) The chemical squad of Al Hurriyya Air Base uses
                 meteorological equipment to measure the speed and direction
                 of wind and temperature in lower stratas and send them to
                 us twice a day.
             (2) The direction of wind and temperatures are recorded on
                 the chemical situation map.
             (3) Ordinary telephones are used to send meteorological reports.
             (4) The meteorological unit of Al Hurriyya Air Base can help
                 in giving detailed report on weather conditions.
             (5) Reports on losses in individuals and chemical equipment
                 should be sent to the HQ of our sector.
      4. Administrative Affairs
         a. Chemical replenishment
            First. Preparation masks and purification and first aid and
                   skin protection equipment should be distributed among all
                   unit members.
            Second.Units should replenish their shortages in chemical
                   equipment and materials according to cadres.
            Third. Shortages in chemical equipment and materials should be
                   filled by Chemical Agent Command f.c.c.
            Fourth.Immediate replenishment should be made after entering
                   damaged equipment in the form on chemical equipment damage
                   and sending damaged ones to the warehouse of Chemical Agent
                   Command scdc.
            Fifth. Since there is no reserve of chemical equipment with the
                   units, immediate replenishment should be made from the
                   warehouse of Chemical Agent Command s.c.d.c at Ar Rasheed?
                   Air Base.
            Sixth. Units should keep with them purification solution
                   according to the following ratio:
                   First line 100% one shipment?
                   Second line 200% 2 shipments.
         b. Chemical Repair
            First. Damaged chemical equipment and apparatus must be repaired
                   immediately.
            Second.First Line Repairs
                   Are done within the potential of protection equipment
                   repair at the chemical squad of Al Hurriyya Aair Base.
            Third. Second Line Repairs
                   evacuation is done directly to the chemical warehouse after
                   the endorsement of repair papers by the Chemical Agent
                   Command s.c.d.c.

     5. Command and Communication
         a. HQ of Air Defense Sector in Balawah
         b. HQ Chemical Agent Command s.c.d.c at Al Rasheed Air Base.
         c. Communication is made with ordinary and cellular telephones.

				Air Force Brigadier
                                Mohammad Saleh Mustafa
                                Commander 4th Air Defense Sector









HQ Rocket Battalion m/i 155
No: 8/2/55
Date: 1/9/1990

To: All batteries
Subject: Requesting reserve equipment and materials

Letter of Anti Aircraft Defense Directorate u4/m/2/11948 dated 12/28/1989
communicated to us in letter of Air Defense Command of first legion 8/2/17
dated 1/4/1990. Reserve weapons, equipmment and materials are to be requested
without stating the position of the unit regarding that, noting the following:
1. The position of the unit requesting weapons, equipment and materials should 
be stated as explained below as filling shortage or replacing damaged, lost or 
consumed items and stating the number of consumption letter and date of 
consumption and the consuming party in the remarks column.

Item (Equipment/Weapon)  Cadre    Available    Increase   Decrease   Remarks
2. Please take necessary measures and inform us.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion m/i 155









HQ Rocket Battalion
No: 2/10/1388
Date: 6/27/1990

To: Directorate of Anti Aircraft Defense
Subject: Reply

Your letter Secret Immediate 2/10/31/6508 dated 6/18/1990. We'll act
accordingly. Please note.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                Commander Rocket Battalion mi/155
                                Lt. Colonel
                                Abbas Jassim Mohammad









				(Secret Immediate)

Ministry of Defense
Air Force and Air Defense Command
Assistant Air Defense Commander
No: 2/10/31/6508
Date: 6/18/1990

To: lrm/i/
Subject: Covering and Fortifying Positions

As a follow up of our letter Secret 15173 dated 9/20/1989.
1. Visiting batteries of your brigades in the field we noticed that more 
attention was given to administrative matters than to technical matters which 
are related to combat action.
2. Due to the fact that summer is approaching and temperature will be high, 
which affects the combat efficiency of equipment and rockets and reduces their 
life span due to their exposure to heat, humidity and dust directly, therefore
we stress the necessity of taking the measures stated below as indicated in 
our letter above.
	a. Covering all positions of rocket aiming stations, vehicle lots, radar 
early warning stations, and camoflaging them properly using camoflage nettings 
or other material available in local markets, as already done in part of the 
rocket brigade batteries m/i/147.
	b. Covering rockets installed on bombers when the battery is not 
operating, considering that there is enough time to have the covers lifted by 
the bomber crew when the state of combat readiness is raised and when the 
station is readied for action.
	c. No vehicle should be left without cover, especially vehicles that 
carry rockets from and to brigades.
Please take necessary action and act accordingly.

				Major General
                                Fadil Ali Hussein
                                Director Anti Aircraft Defense









				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 6/27

From Rocket Battalion mi 155
To: All batteries

No of origin: 2/8/169.
Airforce letter of Northern Sector Secret Immediate 324 dated 6/26. 
Information has been received to the effect that a number of Israeli planes 
have landed in one of the American bases in Turkey like American planes which 
proceeded to American bases in Turkey. Utmost degrees of precaution and 
carefulness should be taken to give no chance to the racial Zionist enemy.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                Commander Rocket Battalion mi 155
                                Lt. Colonel/Engineer
                                Abbas Jassim Mohammad









				(Secret Immediate)

HQ Rocket Battalion mi 155
No: H/2/10/874
Date: 6/7/1990

To: Air Defense Command fl 1
Subject: Reply

Your letter Secret Immediate 722 dated 5/27/1990. What is contained in your 
letter above has been carried out. Please note.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi 155









				(Secret Immediate)

HQ Air Defense of the First Legion
(Operations)
No: h/2/10/722
Date: 5/27/1990

To: List (b) krmi/155
Subject: Circular

Letter of Anti Aircraft Defense  Secret Immediate 5298 dated 5/19/1990. Please 
speed up completion of investigation process of your weapons which are damaged 
or have been stored for the past years and for which no investigation has been 
made until now. The report should be sent to us within a period not exceeding 
30 days from the time of receipt of this letter. Otherwise it will not be 
ratified. Please take necessary measures and inform us.

				Brigadier
                                Arif Tahir Hassan
                                /Commander Air Defense of First Legion









Date: 6/3
From: Battalion rmi/155
To: All batteries

No of origin: 2/10/138
Letter of mi Directorate Secret Immediate 1106 dated 5/23. We emphasise the 
necessity of abiding by recommendations sent to you earlier which urge 
covering rockets with sheets to protect them from the heat of the sun in 
summer in order to preserve them.

				Major
                                Yassin Aziz Mahmoud
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi/155









				(Secret Immediate)

Date: 5/23/1990

From Aairforce mi
To: jrm/i/155-162-175-183-185-186hc
and Command of dcsshc- Command of Project Protection Force/777-Command mi
Vital Position, Northern Sector, Command of mi for technical industries in 
Alexandria.

No of origin: 2/10/32/ 1106

We emphasise abidance by recommendations sent to you earlier which stress the 
necessity of covering rockets with sheets to protect them from the heat of the 
sun in summer in order to preserve them.

				Colonel/Engineer
                                Adie Akram Othman
                                /Director Anti Aircraft Defense









Name of Structure   Number   Dimension(m)   Location        Remarks
-------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dirt barrier          6       4x1000       Hq+5 batteries   Square shaped
                                                            Side is 1000 m
Dirt shelters        
for planes           Not available
Camoflage nets       153      12x12m       Hq+5 batteries
Vehicle shelters      50       4x2,5m      Hq+5 batteries
Paint               1000 Litres

Dirt barriers
for ammunition--------------------------Not available
Dir barriers
for vital positions---------------------Not available
Trenches--------------------------------Not available









HQ Rocket Battalion mi/155
No: 2/8/1038
Date: 5/20/1990

To: Command of mi Vital Position in  Northern Sector
Subject: Sending list

Your letter 2/8/1410 dated 5/12/1990. Enclosed is a list of the needs of our
battalion as stated in your letter above. It shows dimensions and location of 
structure. Please take necessary action and inform us.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                /Commander Rocket Battalion mi/155









HQ mi Vital Position, Northern Sector
(Operation)
No: 8/2/1410
Date: 5/12/1990

To: List kr/155
Subject: Report on needs

Letter of military engineering command of air force 690 dated 5/2/1990 
communicated to us in letter of 4th Air Defense Sector Command 3728 dated
5/7/1990. Please provide us with your needs stating dimension and location of 
structure within 24 hours definitely.

				Colonel
                                Hazim Khadr Ibrahim
                                /Commander Vital Position, Northern Sector
                                Captain Mahmoud Daoud Salman









Reminder
From Command Vital Position, Northern Sector
To List (b)

We remind you of our letter 1410 dated 5/12/1990. Reply should be sent to us 
with an official today to request items from high sources. Any delay will 
cause accountability.









HQ Rocket Battalion mi/155
No: 2/8/1019
Date: 5/16/1990

To: Major Abdil Mawjoud Abdil Qadir Alwi
Subject: Formation of a Committee

Letter command of m/i Vital position, northern Sector 2/8/1410 dated 5/12/1990
in response to letter of military engineering command of air force 690 dated 
2/5/1990 communicated to us in letter of 4th Air Defense Sector Command 3728
dated 5/7/1990. We advised formation of a committee under your chairmanship 
consisting of Major Yassin Aziz Mahmoud and Lt. Ahmed Salih Alwan to provide 
us with the needs of our battalion showing dimensions and location of 
structure according to enclosed sample within 24 hours definitely.

				Colonel
                                Imad Hadi Hamad
                                /Rocket Battalion mi 155









				(Secret)

HQ Air Defense of First Legion
(Operations)
No: H/2/10/676
Date: 5/17/1990

To: List (6) kr/155
Subject: Military Vehicles

Letter of Army General Staff Secret 1707 dated 5/13/1990 communicated to us in 
letter of First Legion command, Secret 3074 Secret dated 5/16/1990

1. It was recently noticed that military convoys have been parking in 
provincial and district centers which leads to obstruction of traffic in 
addition to having officers and men mix with civilians. Furthermore, the cargo 
of these convoys is exposed which constitutes a violation of military 
security.

2. We advise that convoys park outside provincial and district centers by a 
suitable distance and that protection measures are taken.
Please take necessary measures and act accordingly accurately.

				Brigadier Arif Tahir Hassan
                                /Commander Air Defense of 4th Legion´┐Ż
 



 

 

LN 144-95




Document Page: First | Prev | Next | All | Image | This Release | Search