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File: 123096_17780097_91r_0001.txt
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1PATHFINDER RECORD NUMBER: 16662
GENDATE:         950504
NNNN
TEXT:            
ENVELOPE CDSN = LGX079 MCN = 91098/20033 TOR = 910981732
PTTSZYUW RUEKJCS0497 0981726-SSSS--RUEALGX.


[b.2]




[b.2]



SECTION 01 OF 03

SERIAL: (U) IIR 1 778 0097 91.


/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/
BODY PASS: (U) FSTC FOR [b.6.]

COUNTRY: (U) IRAQ (IZ).

SUBJECT: IIR 1 778 0097 91/ FOLLOW-UP ON PRE-GULF CONFLICT STATUS
OF IRAQI WEAPONS INDUSTRY- DESERT STORM (U).



WARNING: (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED
INTELLIGENCE. 

-----------------------------------------------------------------
---
DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
-----------------------------------------------------------------
---

DOI: (U) 900700.

REQS: (U) T-8C2-2650-01-90.

SOURCE:  [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(b), (c)]

SUMMARY:           PROVIDES ADDITIONAL DATA ON THE STRUCTURE/
ACTIVITIES OF THE IRAQI WEAPONS INDUSTRY PRIOR TO RECENT
HOSTILITIES.     [b.1.  sec. 1.5. (c)]

TEXT:
1.           (FIELD COMMENT-- THIS REPORT IS A FOLLOW-ON TO [b.1.
sec. 1.5.(c)]     IIR 1 778 0057 91 ON THE PRE-DESERT STORM STATUS
OF THE IRAQI WEAPONS INDUSTRY AND DEFENSE BUILDUP). REPORT PROVIDES
BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON IRAQI WEAPONS SYSTEMS AND R&D AND
PRODUCTION FACILITIES PRIOR TO DESERT STORM/SHIELD HOSTILITIES, 
     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]


2.           PRODUCTION OF CHEMICAL MUNITIONS--
A.           BADER ESTABLISHMENT-- THE IRAQI BADER ESTABLISHMENT
HAD BEEN INVOLVED IN THE PROCESS OF PRODUCTION OF CHEMICAL WEAPONS
CONTAINERS MADE OF SYNTHETIC MATERIALS FOR USE WITH MULTIPLE ROCKET
LAUNCHERS. THIS PRODUCTION LINE WAS INSTALLED IN THE MIDDLE OF
1987 

               [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

                                                  BY MAR 89,     
BADER HAD ESTIMATED THAT THEY WOULD OUTFIT 1500 ROCKETS WITH THE
FILLED CONTAINERS. 
     [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]
B.           EL MUTHANA-- EL MUTHANA WAS A FACTORY DESIGNED TO
EXCLUSIVELY PRODUCE CHEMICAL WEAPONS. (NO LOCATION PROVIDED). 

     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

IN 1988, BRITISH BROADCASTING COMPANY (BBC)
RADIO BROADCAST A STORY ABOUT THIS FACILITY). AS MENTIONED ABOVE,
EL MUTHANA FILLED THE CYLINDERS PRODUCED AT THE BADER
ESTABLISHMENT. THIS WORK WAS USUALLY ACCOMPLISHED BY LABORERS WITH
A LOW SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS. (FIELD COMMENT-- SOURCE REPORTED WITH
HORROR THAT HE HAD SEEN THESE WORKERS FILL CONTAINERS WITH
CHEMICALS USING ONLY A HOSE AND FUNNEL. THESE WORKERS HAD A VERY
HIGH DEATH RATE. THE MANAGEMENT WORKERS IN THE PRODUCTION AREA
ALSO USED ONLY A SIMPLE MASK OVER THEIR MOUTHS FOR PROTECTION.)
EACH SET OF THREE CONTAINERS PRODUCED AT BADER COULD BE FILLED WITH
ABOUT 13 KG OF CHEMICALS AT EL MUTHANA. 

          [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]
                                                   THERE
WAS NO QUALITY CONTROL, BUT IN PRINCIPAL ALL CONTAINERS PRODUCED
WERE ACCEPTABLE. THE FILLED CONTAINERS WERE THEN STORED AT EL
MUTHANA UNTIL THEY WERE READY TO BE PLACED ON THE ROCKETS OF MRL
UNITS THROUGHOUT THE COUNTRY.
C.           THE ROCKETS THEMSELVES WERE OF REASONABLE QUALITY AND
WERE PRIMARILY PURCHASED AS ENTIRE UNITS FROM THE SOVIET UNION AND
EAST EUROPE. THE ROCKETS GENERALLY DID NOT HAVE AN EXPLOSIVE
ORDNANCE. LOADING THESE ROCKETS WITH CHEMICAL MUNITIONS ENTAILED
SCREWING THE CHEMICAL CONTAINERS INTO THE ROCKETS. THE ROCKETS
CONTAINED A FINE SCREW-THREAD.


     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]



4.           UQUBA BIN NAFEE'-  [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]            
                               UQUBA BIN NAFEE' IS A SPECIAL
FACTORY FOR THE RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION OF NUCLEAR BOMBS. IT IS A
BREAKOUT (FORMER PROJECT F) OF THE BADER ESTABLISHMENT AND WAS
CO-LOCATED ON THE GROUNDS OF THE BADER COMPLEX). 
     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

 THE ESTIMATED NUMBER OF PERSONNEL AT THE END
OF 1990 WAS 900-1000.

     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]
                                    THE FACILITY CONSISTED OF A
SINGLE FLOOR BUILDING ORIENTED EAST-WEST WITH DIMENSIONS 150 M X 36
M. THE BUILDING IS SITUATED APPROXIMATELY IN THE CENTER OF THE
BADER GROUNDS AND WAS SURROUNDED BY A HIGH FENCE. THE BUILDING IS
PAINTED WITH A KHAKI AND GREEN CAMOUFLAGE DESIGN. THE ENTIRE NORTH
SIDE OF THE BUILDING WAS USED FOR OFFICE SPACE. AMONG OTHER
EQUIPMENT, UQUBA BIN NAFEE' USED MACHINES FROM THE GERMAN FIRM
"SCHIESS/FROHIEP" FROM DUSSELDORF, GM.                            
     [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]
THERE WERE SOME TYPE OF CRANES LOCATED IN THE SOUTH CENTER SECTION
OF THE FACILITY (NFI). THE BADER COMPLEX WAS SURROUNDED BY 57 MM
ANTI-AIRCRAFT ARTILLERY BATTERIES AND THERE WAS A SURFACE TO AIR
MISSILE SITE 20 KM TO THE SOUTH.
B.  [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c)]           THERE IS ANOTHER FACILITY
ASSOCIATED WITH UQUBA BIN NAFEE' WHICH IS LOCATED ALONG THE WEST
BANK OF THE TIGRIS RIVER, IN THE THE AL FAHAMA AREA 5-20 KM NORTH
OF THE AL TAJE BRIDGE. SOURCE WAS UNCERTAIN OF THE PRECISE
LOCATION AND DID NOT HAVE FURTHER INFORMATION ON THE FACILITY.


     [b.1. sec. 1.5.(c), b.6.]



1.           (FIELD COMMENT)    [b.1. sec. 1.5.(b), (c)]

                             MANY OF THE FACILITIES MENTIONED IN
THIS REPORT MAY NOT EXIST AT PRESENT, OR MAY BE SEVERELY DAMAGED.



     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]


     [b.2.]

     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

DISSEM: (U) FIELD: NONE. SENT TO: FSTC/AIFICA, FTD/SDMSY,
FTD/SCIS, AND DIA/RTS-2B (W/ENCLOSURES); ALL OTHER ADDRESSEES (W/O
ENCLOSURES).

     [b.2.]
DECL: OADR
BT





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