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File: 123096_17780146_91a_0001.txt
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ENVELOPE
CDSN = LGX612   MCN = 91175/21147   TOR = 911751724
RTTSZYUW RUEKJCS1266 1751723-SSSS--RUEALGX.




[b.2]





[b.2]


SECTION 01 OF 07

SERIAL:  (U) IIR 1 778 0146 91.


/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/
BODY
PASS:  (U)  [b.2., b.6.]


COUNTRY:  (U) IRAQ (IZ); WORLDWIDE (W).

SUBJECT:  IIR 1 778 0146 91/ OVERVIEW OF IRAQI WEAPONS INDUSTRY
ESTABLISHMENTS (U).



WARNING:  (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED
INTELLIGENCE.  

-----------------------------------------------------------------
---
                       DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
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---

DOI:  (U) 900000.

[b.2]


SOURCE:    [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]


SUMMARY:            PROVIDES OVERVIEW OF STRUCTURE/ACTIVITIES OF
THE IRAQI WEAPONS INDUSTRY R&D ESTABLISHMENTS PRIOR TO DESERT
STORM.     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

TEXT:
1.         REPORT PROVIDES FOLLOW ON INFORMATION TO [b.1.  sec.
1.5.(c)] IIR'S 1778 0057 91 AND 1778 0097 91 DEALING WITH AN
OVERVIEW OF THE STRUCTURE AND ACTIVITIES OF THE IRAQI WEAPONS AND
DEFENSE INDUSTRY PRIOR TO DESERT STORM/SHIELD HOSTILITIES, 

     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]









(2)           BADER DID NOT DIRECTLY PRODUCE ANY LONG OR SHORT
RANGE MISSILES, ONLY COMPONENTS AND TOOLS USED IN THE MANUFACTURE
OF MISSILES.  REGARDING THE PRODUCTION OF CHEMICAL CONTAINERS FOR
WEAPONS, BADER WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR DETERMINING THE DESIGN FOR THE
CONTAINERS, DEVELOPING THE MOLDS FOR THEIR PRODUCTION, AND
DEVELOPING THE ASSEMBLY TECHNIQUES.  BADER PRODUCED SOME CONTAINERS
INDIGENOUSLY AT THEIR FACILITY ( [b.1.  sec. 1.5. (c)]  IIR 1 778
0097 91 DESCRIBES THIS PROCESS AND THE TYPES OF CONTAINERS
PRODUCED); HOWEVER, MUCH OF THE ACTUAL PRODUCTION WAS DONE BY THE
NATIONAL COMPANY FOR CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES.  

  [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(a), (c), (d)]

                        (FIELD COMMENT-- THE IRAQI DESIGNATED NAME
OF THE LARGE SAMARRA CHEMICAL WEAPONS PRODUCTION FACILITY IS AL
MUTHANA STATE ESTABLISHMENT). 
[b.1.  sec. 1.5.(a), (c), (d)]
                                      A LARGER VERSION OF THE
BADER-DESIGN CHEMICAL AGENT CONTAINER WAS TO BE DESIGNED FOR USE
WITH SCUD MISSILE CHEMICAL WARHEADS, BUT WAS NEVER COMPLETED SINCE
[b.1.  sec. 1.5. (a), (c), (d)]
                             THE PROJECT WAS NEVER COMPLETED.


     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]



D.            UQUBA BIN NAFEE'-- UQUBA BIN NAFEE' STATE
ESTABLISHMENT IS A SPECIAL FACTORY FOR THE RESEARCH AND PRODUCTION
OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS OR COMPONENTS FOR NUCLEAR POWER PROJECTS.  UQUBA
BIN NAFEE' WAS CONSTRUCTED BY YUGOSLAVIA AND IS A BREAKOUT (FORMER
PROJECT F) OF BADER.  IT IS LOCATED JUST OUTSIDE THE GROUNDS OF THE
BADER COMPLEX     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]
           THE FACTORY WAS SURROUNDED BY A HIGH FENCE AND HAD VERY
TIGHT SECURITY.  THE ESTABLISHMENT USES GERMAN CNC MILLING CENTERS
AND LATHES.  REPORTEDLY YUGOSLAVIA WAS PROVIDING MUCH OF THE
EXPERTISE FOR THE PROJECT.  [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]
                                                               
UQUBA BIN NAFEE' HAS A SMALL BRANCH LOCATED ON THE BANKS OF THE
TIGRIS RIVER IN THE AL-FAHAMAH SECTION NORTH OF THE AL-TAJE
BRIDGE.  THIS FACILITY WAS INDIGENOUSLY CONSTRUCTED.
E.            AL MUTHANA STATE ESTABLISHMENT-- THE AL MUTHANA STATE
ESTABLISHMENT AT SAMARRA WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1985 FROM A PESTICIDE
PRODUCTION PLANT THAT HAD BEEN ESTABLISHED BY IRAQI INTELLIGENCE IN
1982.  AL MUTHANA FELL DIRECTLY UNDER THE CONTROL OF THE MIC.  THE
DIRECTOR WAS BRIGADIER FAIEZ ((SHAHEEN)) WHO WAS ALSO DIRECTOR OF
SAMARRA MEDICINE INDUSTRIES.  (SOURCE COMMENT-- THE SAMARRA
MEDICINE INDUSTRIES MAY BE INVOLVED IN BIOLOGICAL RESEARCH.)
(FIELD COMMENT--     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

                                       DESCRIBED THE FILLING OF
WARHEADS AND CONTAINERS AS BEING DONE BY HAND IN VERY HAZARDOUS
CONDITIONS.  MANY WORKERS DIED OF THE HEALTH HAZARDS.  
     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]
                             THE CONTAINERS WERE FILLED FOR USE IN
ARTILLERY AND SHORT RANGE MISSILES.  THE CHEMICALS STORED AT AL
MUTHANA WERE KEPT IN GLASS OR CERAMIC VESSELS.  EL MUTHANA LOADED
CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONTAINERS ONLY WITH LOW CORROSIVE TYPES OF
CHEMICALS.  SOURCE BELIEVED THAT AL MUTHANA RECEIVED THEIR NITROGEN
PHOSPHATES FROM THE AKASHAT MINE (SEE MAP IN ENCLOSURE), SULFUR
FROM THE AL MESHRAKE MINES NORTH OF MOSUL (SEE MAP IN ENCLOSURE),
AND CERTAIN OTHER KEY CHEMICALS FROM THE MAIN FERTILIZER FACTORY AT
BASRA.  (FIELD COMMENT-- SOURCE INSISTED THAT NO CHEMICAL AGENTS
WERE PRODUCED AT SALAMA PAK OR KERBALA.  HE MAINTAINED THEY WOULD
NOT BE PRODUCED AT KERBALA BECAUSE OF THE LARGE SHIITE
FUNDAMENTALIST POPULATION.  SOURCE ALSO MAINTAINED THAT THE
TECHNICAL PROBLEMS WITH LOADING CHEMICAL WEAPONS UNTO SCUDS WAS THE
MAIN REASON IRAQ DID NOT USE SUCH WEAPONS DURING THE GULF CRISIS.)



     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]






S.            PROJECT 555 AND BABYLON PROJECT - SOURCE MAINTAINED
THAT PROJECT 555 WAS INTENDED TO BE A "SECRET" NUCLEAR RESEARCH
FACILITY FOR THE PRODUCTION OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS.  HE MAINTAINED THE
SITE WAS LOCATED SOMEWHERE IN THE RANGE OF HILLS WEST OF MAKHMUR
AND EAST OF DIBAGAH //GEOCOORD 3548N04340E// 

          [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]
                                                                  
THE PROJECT IS ABOUT 300 KM NORTH OF BAGHDAD, LOCATED 12 MILES EAST
OF A NORTH-SOUTH HIGHWAY BETWEEN MOSUL AND BAGHDAD, AND SITUATED IN
A IN A NORTH-SOUTH LINE OF HILLS.  THIS SKETCH DOES NOT SEEM TO
COINCIDE WITH SOURCES DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT BEING IN THE HILLS
BETWEEN DIBAGAH AND MAKHMUR SINCE THERE IS NO MOSUL-BAGHDAD HIGHWAY
IN THE VICINITY.  FURTHERMORE, SOURCE'S DESCRIPTION AND LOCATION OF
PROKECT 555 IS VERY DIFFERENT FROM THAT REPORTED IN [b.1.  sec.
1.5.(c)]
IIR 2 340 2862 91 WHICH DESCRIBED PROJECT 555 AS A CHEMICAL WEAPONS
MANUFACTURING FACILITY LOCATED AT BAYJI //GEOCOORD 3456N04329E//).
SOURCE AGAIN DESCRIBED THE MASSIVE CONCRETE SLABS THAT WERE LAID AT
THIS SITE IN 1988 AS REPORTED IN [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)] IIR 1 778
0057 91.

     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

(FIELD COMMENT-- IT IS POSSIBLE THAT SOURCE WAS
DISORIENTED ON THE MAP WHEN HE WAS INDICATING THIS LOCATION AS THE
SITE FOR PROJECT 555  [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]


     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]


     [b.2.]


1.  
     [b.1.  sec. 1.5.(c)]

DISSEM:  (U) FIELD: NONE.  SENT TO:  DIA/RTS-2B, FSTC/AIFICA,
FTD/SCIS, FTD/TTTRL, FTD/SDJE, NTIC/0311, MSIC/AIAMS-DA, AFMIC-CR,
AND AFWL/IN (W/ENCLOSURES); ALL OTHER ADDRESSEES (W/O ENCLOSURES).
     [b.2.]

DECL: OADR
BT






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