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SERIAL:    (U) IIR 2 212 5064 91. 
 
 
/*********** THIS IS A COMBINED MESSAGE ************/ 

COUNTRY:   (U) IRAQ (IZ); FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY 
(GE). 
 
SUBJECT:  IIR 2 212 5064 91/GE MAGAZINE CLAIMS SOME GE 
HOSTAGES IN IZ VOLUNTARILY STAYED BEHIND TO AID IZ 
INDUSTRY - DESERT SHIELD (U).
 


WARNING:   (U) THIS IS AN INFORMATION REPORT, NOT 
FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE. 

 
--------------------------------------------------------- 
                  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
--------------------------------------------------------- 
 
DOI:       (U)  901129. 
 
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SOURCE:    (U) WEEKLY MAGAZINE (SPIEGEL), 26 NOV 90, IN 
GERMAN. 
 
SUMMARY:   (U) IN SPITE OF THE WELL PUBLICIZED HOSTAGE 
SITUATION IN IZ, GE COMPANIES CONTINUE THEIR EFFORTS TO 
AID IZ IN BUILDING AND RUNNING DEFENSE RELATED ARMAMENT 
AND POISON GAS FACILITIES. GE BUSINESSMEN SEEM TO COME 
AND GO TO IZ WITH IMPUNITY IN SPITE OF EMBARGOES. 
 
TEXT:  (UNCLASS IN ITS ENTIRETY) 
THE FOLLOWING IS A TRANSLATION OF AN ARTICLE FROM THE 26 
NOV 90 (PP 29-31) ISSUE OF THE SPIEGEL MAGAZINE. 
1. TITLE - WHIRRING NOISES IN THE AFTERNOON 
2. CAPTION - THE BOYCOTT AGAINST SADDAM ISN'T WORKING. 
FOREIGN EXPERTS ARE STILL HELPING IRAQ IN ITS PRODUCTION 
OF ARMAMENTS. 
3. ARTICLE. 
THE SMELL ((OF CHEMICALS)) STILL LINGERS  IN MANFRED 
((RITSCHEL))S NOSE EVEN AFTER HIS HAVING BEEN FREED FROM 
BEING A HOSTAGE IN IRAQ. RITSCHEL, A BUSINESSMAN FROM 
WATTENSCHEID ((GE)) RECALLS SMELLING A TOXIC ODOR 
WHENEVER HE AND HIS FELLOW HOSTAGES WERE LED TO THE FOOD 
BARRELS VIA THE OUTSIDE COMPOUND ((WHERE THEY WERE 
INTERNED)). 
RITSCHEL'S FELLOW HOSTAGE PETER ((BOESHANS)) HAD SIMILAR 
EXPERIENCES; ((THEY WERE MAKING SOMETHING; THERE WERE 
WORKSHOP NOISES AND THIS STENCH.)) YET ANOTHER HOSTAGE 
REMEMBERS HEARING ((LOUD WHISTLING AND WHIRRING 
NOISES)), MOSTLY DURING THE AFTERNOON. 
THE HOSTAGES COULD ONLY GUESS AT WHAT THEY HAD BEEN 
HEARING AND SMELLING. THEIR CELL WAS A WORKSHOP WHICH IS 
PART OF THE SAMARRA POISON GAS FACTORY (PROTECTED BY 
ANTI AIRCRAFT MISSILES), 120 KM FROM BAGHDAD. AFTER HIS 
RETURN HOME, ONE HOSTAGE REPORTED ((NO ONE COULD SEE 
WHAT THEY WERE DOING OUTSIDE OUR CELL. THE DOOR OF THE 
HALL WHERE THE HOSTAGES WERE KEPT WAS WELDED SHUT.)) 
THINGS WERE A BIT MORE LOOSE AT THE TADJI DEFENSE 
COMPLEX NORTHWEST OF BAGHDAD, WHERE THE ESSEN BASED 
FERROSTAAL CONCERN IS THE GENERAL CONTRACTOR FOR AN 
ARTILLERY FACTORY DISGUISED AS A GENERAL IRON WORKS. 
HOSTAGES TAKEN THERE TO ACT AS HUMAN SHIELDS WERE 
ALLOWED TO WATCH WORKERS IN ACTION WHO WERE NO DOUBT 
GERMAN SPECIALISTS. 
REPORTS BY THE FIRST HOSTAGES TO RETURN HOME FROM IRAQ 
HAVE ALARMED BOTH US AND GE INTELLIGENCE SERVICES; 
APPARENTLY, PRODUCTION IS RUNNING AT NORMAL LEVELS USING 
FOREIGN AID AT PRACTICALLY ALL THE IMPORTANT ARMAMENT 
FACTORIES BELONGING TO SADDAM HUSSEIN WHO FACES A 
WORLD-WIDE BOYCOTT FOR HIS OCCUPATION OF KUWAIT. 
ACCORDING TO INTELLIGENCE ANALYSTS, POISON GAS AND 
ARTILLERY PIECES TO BE USED AGAINST THE REST OF THE 
WORLD WERE BEING PRODUCED IN THE IMMEDIATE VICINITY OF 
THE HOSTAGE PRISON SITES, SOME WITH HELP FROM GERMANS 
WHO WERE NOT IN IRAQ AS HOSTAGES, BUT AS BUSINESS 
FRIENDS OF THE DESERT DICTATOR. 
INTELLIGENCE ANALYSTS HAVE PIECED TOGETHER FACTS FROM 
RETURNED HOSTAGE REPORTS AND FROM OTHER SOURCES THAT - 
AT LEAST SINCE THE BEGINNING OF NOVEMBER ((1990)) - ONE 
SHIFT PER DAY WORKED FOR APPROX. FIVE DAYS PER WEEK AT 
SAMARRA. APPROX. 400 KILOGRAMS OF ((TABUN)) AND ((LOST)) 
AND POSSIBLY ALSO SARIN ARE PRODUCED THERE DAILY. 
WESTERN EXPERTS OPINE THAT THESE POISON GAS FACTORIES 
CAN ONLY BE RUN BY HAND PICKED EXPERTS WHICH, AT LEAST 
PRIOR TO THE EMBARGO, WERE VERY SCARCE AMONG THE IRAQIS. 
THE INTERNATIONAL HOSTAGES HAVE LONG SPOKEN OF GERMAN 
EFFICIENCY. AS AN EXAMPLE, AS RITSCHEL ARRIVED AT A 
FACILITY OF THE ((IRAQ ATOM, ENERGY COMPANY)) WITH OTHER 
HOSTAGES FROM SAMARRA AT THE END OF OCTOBER, AN AMERICAN 
SPOKE TO HIM AND SAID ((WE'RE HERE FROM TADJI, YOU COULD 
HAVE SPOKEN TO YOUR FELLOW COUNTRYMEN THERE AT THE 
CONSTRUCTION SITE.)) 
ANOTHER HOSTAGE'S MEMORIES OF HOME WERE OFTEN AWAKENED 
FURTHER NORTH IN MOSUL, WHERE THE BIELEFELD COMPANY, 
PROJECTA GMBH, AS THE GENERAL CONTRACTOR AND 40 OTHER 
OTHER GE COMPANIES AS SUBCONTRACTORS, HAVE CONSTRUCTED 
THE MOST MODERN MILITARY RESEARCH CENTER IN THE MIDDLE 
EAST; ACCORDING TO HIS REPORT WHICH HE GAVE TO GERMAN 
SOCIAL PARTY EUROPE REPRESENTATIVE AND TRAVELLER TO 
IRAQ, DIETER ((SCHINZEL)), HE SAW A GREAT DEAL OF 
EQUIPMENT ((MADE IN GERMANY)) AND ALSO SAW GERMAN 
EXPERTS WHO WERE BUSILY WORKING THERE. 
THERE IS MUCH EVIDENCE SUPPORTING THE SUPPOSITION THAT 
WESTERN EXPERTS ARE BEING FORCED TO CONTINUE WORKING IN 
IRAQ. BUT, THERE IS ALSO A GREAT DEAL OF INFORMATION 
POINTING TO THE FACT THAT THERE ARE VOLUNTEERS THERE 
FROM GERMANY AND OTHER NATIONS DUE TO THE LOW EXCHANGE 
RATE INTO GOLD. 
ACCORDING TO OBSERVATIONS MADE BY THE GE FEDERAL 
INTELLIGENCE AGENCY (BND), AND TO INFORMATION GAINED 
FROM WESTERN EXPERTS AND FROM FORMER HOSTAGES FROM IRAQ, 
BUSINESS TRAFFIC BETWEEN BAGHDAD AND EUROPE IS STILL IN 
FULL SWING. EVEN WEST GERMAN CONTRACTING FIRMS ARE STILL 
AS DISCRETELY AS EVER CLOSING CONTRACTS WITH WAR HUNGRY 
HUSSEIN. 
ACCORDING TO IRAQ EXPERT SCHINZEL, THE PROFESSIONALS 
TRAVEL VIA AMMAN. THE CAPITAL OF JORDAN IS STILL EASY TO 
FLY IN TO. IRAQI AIRWAYS HAS DAILY FLIGHTS TO SADDAM 
HUSSEIN INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT. 
THE RITUAL FOLLOWS THE OLD RULES. THOSE IN FAVOR OF 
HUSSEIN ARE LED PAST THE PASSPORT CHECKERS WITH NO 
INCONVENIENT PASSPORT OR CUSTOMS CONTROLS. 
THIS USED TO BE A COURTESY; NOW IT'S CAMOUFLAGE. 
ACCORDING TO THE COMMON MARKET REGULATION OF 29 OCTOBER, 
VARIOUS SERVICES FOR THE IRAQI ECONOMY - WITH THE 
EXCEPTION OF BANK TRANSACTIONS - ARE FORBIDDEN. THE 
AMOUNTS FOR TRUCKING IN ILLEGAL SANCTIONS ARE BEING 
DISCUSSED IN THE EUROPEAN CAPITALS. 
NO MEANS IS TOO GREAT TO BREAK THE EMBARGO. 
CONSPICUOUSLY TOO MANY GERMANS TRAVEL TO AMMAN AND DO 
NOT RETURN RIGHT AWAY TO THEIR HOMELAND, BUT RETURN VIA 
LONDON OR AMSTERDAM FIRST. 
WHILE CHECKING PASSPORTS, WEST GERMAN BORDER CONTROL 
OFFICERS ROUTINELY NOTE THE TRAVEL ROUTE OF MANY 
TRAVELLERS RETURNING FROM THE MIDEAST. USING THIS 
METHOD, OFFICIALS WERE ABLE TO NOTE THAT, FOR EXAMPLE, 
MANFRED SCHWENDER, FROM IBBENBUEREN IN WESTPHALIA, 
RETURNED FROM IRAQ ABOUT A MONTH AGO - NOT ABOARD A 
PLANE FULL OF NEWLY FREED HOSTAGES, BUT PRIVATELY. 
SCHWENDER AND HIS FATHER, EWALD, ARE NO NEWCOMERS TO 
BUSINESS DEALINGS WITH IRAQ. THEY RUN A WHOLESALE 
BUSINESS WITH MACHINES AND CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY 
((PRIMARY ACTIVITY IN THE MIDDLE EAST)) AND BECAME KNOWN 
TO AUTHORITIES A FEW YEARS BACK WHEN THEY BUILT AN 
ASSEMBLY LINE WHICH IS NOW USED AT SAMARRA. 
APPARENTLY, HARMLESS CONTAINERS WERE SUPPOSED TO BE 
ASSEMBLED AT THE FACILITY. IN REALITY, HOWEVER, THEY'RE 
MAKING BOMBER AIRCRAFT WHICH SADDAM IS HAVING FILLED 
WITH NERVE AGENT WEAPONS. 
THE SCHWENDERS WOULD HAVE AUTHORITIES BELIEVE THAT THEY 
WERE DUPED AND HAD NO IDEA OF THE PURPOSE FOR THE 
ASSEMBLY LINE. BOTH FATHER AND SON WILL FACE A LAWSUIT, 
AND INVESTIGATORS WANT TO KNOW WHAT SCHWENDER IS 
CURRENTLY DOING IN IRAQ. 
APPARENTLY NEITHER AN EMBARGO NOR THE THREAT OF AN 
IMPENDING WAR CAN STOP STRONG NERVED GERMAN BUSINESSMEN. 
FOR YEARS, GERMAN ARMAMENT INDUSTRIAL AND CHEMISTRY 
ENTREPRENEURS HAVE INVESTED IN SADDAM'S PREPARATION FOR 
WAR. IT WASN'T UNTIL THE PAST SEVERAL MONTHS THAT IT 
BECAME APPARENT JUST HOW UNSCRUPULOUS THEY WERE. 
(SPIEGEL 32/1990) WHEELER DEALERS FROM THE WEST DO NOT 
WANT TO SIMPLY WRITE OFF INVESTMENTS MADE IN THE MIDDLE 
EAST. 
IT IS A DIFFICULT TASK FOR INVESTIGATORS TO PROPERLY 
ANALYZE EACH MISSION IN IRAQ. DURING THE PAST SEVERAL 
WEEKS, SOME BUSINESS HEADS HAVE ATTEMPTED ON THEIR OWN 
TO GET EMPLOYEES HELD AS PRISONERS OUT OF IRAQ WHILE 
OTHERS APPARENTLY WANTED TO FINISH THEIR CONTRACT SO AS 
NOT TO LOSE THEIR DEPOSITED FRONT MONEY TO THE IRAQIS. 
SOME ARE AFRAID OF BEING PLACED ON A PERMANENT BLACK 
LIST AND TO LOSE POTENTIALLY LUCRATIVE BUSINESS DEALS. 
MORE AND MORE TIPS ABOUT COMPANIES BREAKING THE EMBARGO 
THROUGH ALL KINDS OF SHIPMENTS ARE RECEIVED AT THE 
FEDERAL CRIMINAL AGENCY AND THE GERMAN INTELLIGENCE 
SERVICE. THE FORBIDDEN CARGO TRAVELS VIA THE 1450 
KILOMETER LONG BORDER TO IRAN OR VIA THE MOUNTAIN BORDER 
IN NORTHERN IRAQ TO TURKEY 
IT IS NEARLY IMPOSSIBLE TO CONTROL THE MYRIAD OF 
HIDEOUTS AND HIDDEN PATHS. ONE THING IS FOR SURE; 
SUPPLIES ARE COMING IN STEADILY. IT IS NOT UNLIKELY THAT 
THE SUPPLY CONTAINED GOODS FOR SOME PEOPLE WHO WERE 
CONSIDERED TO BE HOSTAGES. 
THE RESULT OF THE REPORTS LEADS THOSE WORKING IN THE 
INTELLIGENCE FIELD TO BELIEVE THAT THERE ARE INDEED 
NUANCES BETWEEN THE SITUATION OF FOREIGNERS WHO ARE 
HOSTAGES, AND FOREIGNERS WHO ARE BUSINESSMEN IN IRAQ. 
IT APPEARS THAT PRISONERS FROM KUWAIT ARE WORST OFF. 
THEY WERE AMONG THE FIRST TO BE DRAGGED AWAY TO 
STRATEGIC LOCATIONS IN LARGE NUMBERS AND, IN SOME CASES, 
TO BE MISTREATED. 
THOSE HOWEVER, WHO ENTERED THE COUNTRY AFTER THE AUGUST 
SECOND INVASION IN KUWAIT NEED NOT BE AFRAID OF BEING 
GRABBED BY SADDAM'S BLOODHOUNDS. THOSE FOREIGNERS WHO 
WERE IN IRAQ BEFORE 2 AUGUST, WERE USUALLY TREATED A 
LITTLE BETTER, ALTHOUGH SADDAM'S DESCRIPTION "GUESTS" 
DOES NOT SEEM TO APPLY. 
THOSE AIDING IN THE ARMAMENT SECTOR, ARE BEST OFF. THEY 
CAN MOVE ABOUT FREELY AND SOME HAVE EXPERIENCED FIRST 
CLASS TREATMENT; THE PROJECT LEADER FOR THE MISSILE 
PROGRAM, SABA ((MODHER)), ISSUED LARGE NUMBERS OF BLANK 
EXIT CERTIFICATES. THE IRAQI INDUSTRIAL MINISTER, FOR 
EXAMPLE, CLAIMED A CONTINGENT OF PLACES FOR HIS OWN USE 
DURING THE WILLY ((BRANDT)) MISSION . 
THE HELPERS WERE ASTONISHED ABOUT WHAT HAPPENED IN 
BAGHDAD BEFORE THE GERMAN HOSTAGES WERE TO BE FLOWN HOME 
TWO WEEKS AGO; ACCORDING TO ((SCHINZEL)), WHO 
ACCOMPANIED ((BRANDT)), SOME OF THE HOSTAGES ABSOLUTELY 
DID NOT WANT TO LEAVE, OTHERS HAD BEEN IN POSSESSION OF 
EXIT VISAS FOR SOME TIME, AND OTHERS ARRIVED IN LONDON 
SEVERAL WEEKS LATER.  ONE PERSON NAMED THREE DIFFERENT 
COMPANIES AS HIS EMPLOYER, AND NONE WAS RIGHT, ACCORDING 
TO ((SCHINZEL)). 
SEVERAL THINGS POINT TO PRIVATE AGREEMENTS WITH SADDAM'S 
REGIME, TO INCLUDE THE FACT THAT APPROX TWO DOZEN 
TRAVELERS SUDDENLY APPEARED ABOARD THE AIRPLANE 
CONTAINING KUWAIT HOSTAGES WHO HAD NOT BEEN SIGHTED 
DURING THE LONG DAYS OF WAITING AND WHO ARRIVED AT THE 
VERY LAST MOMENT. WHEN THE RTL TELEVISION TEAM FILMED 
DURING THE FLIGHT BACK, THERE WAS MORE THAN ONE PERSON 
WHO WOULD HIDE HIS FACE BEHIND A NEWSPAPER. 
AT PRESENT, IT SOMETIMES APPEARS DIFFICULT TO 
DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN VICTIMS AND PERPETRATORS IN IRAQ. 
THE WAY IN WHICH ALLIED TROOPS IN THE GULF FEEL EXPOSED 
TO THEIR OWN WEAPONS TECHNOLOGY, IS THE WAY SOME 
IMPRISONED MECHANICS HAVE BECOME VICTIMS OF THEIR 
COMPANY'S ACTIVITIES. 
MANY KNOWN COMPANIES APPEAR IN THE LISTS OF THOSE HAVING 
RETURNED HOME, AS WELL AS THOSE WHO STAYED BEHIND; THIS 
INCLUDES "HEBERGER BAU" WHICH WAS INVOLVED IN THE 
BUSINESS DEAL WITH THE POISON GAS FACILITY AT SAMARRA. 
((GILDEMEISTER))'S PEOPLE, THE PLANNER OF THE MOSUL 
ARMAMENT CENTER, ARE INCLUDED IN THIS, AS ARE THE TWO 
MOSUL INSTRUCTORS HAHN & KOLB AND FORTUNA WERKE IN 
STUTTGART. OF COURSE, EMPLOYEES OF ARMAMENT GIANT 
MESSERSCHMITT-BOELKOW-BLOHM ARE THERE AS WELL. 
SEVERAL OF THE PASSENGERS IN BRANDT'S HOSTAGE JET DID 
NOT REQUIRE HUMANITARIAN AID; ONE OF THEM WAS AN 
EMPLOYEE OF AL FAO ESTABLISHMENT, A BAGHDAD ARMAMENT 
COMPANY INVOLVED IN LARGE SCALE MISSILE PROJECTS. 
ANOTHER WORKED FOR THE TECHNICAL CORPS FOR SPECIAL 
PROJECTS, A DEPARTMENT OF THE DEFENSE MINISTRY.  THEIR 
BOSS IS HUSSEIN KARMINAL, SON-IN-LAW OF HOSTAGE TAKER 
SADDAM HUSSEIN. 
COMMENTS:      ARTICLE TAKEN FROM WEEKLY MAGAZINE TO 
SHOW DISPARITY BETWEEN STATEMENTS MADE PUBLICLY BY 
PRIVATE FIRMS AND WHAT MIGHT BE THE REAL FACTS. 
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