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File: 970107_jul96_decls10_0001.txt
Page: 0001
Total Pages: 17

Subject: TF 2 16TH INF VUA NOMINATION APPLICATION ENEMY SITREP           

Unit: 1ST ID      

Parent Organization: VII  CORPS  

Box  ID: BX001043

Folder Title: DECENTRALIZED INST BACKGROUND FILES 91                                                          

Document Number:         18

Folder Seq  #:         94


                                      UNCLASSIFIED



                                                      L


                                     Headquarters
                        2nd Battalion 16th Infantry Regiment
                         Ist Infantry Division (Mechanized)
                                Fort Riley, KS 66442

         AFZN-BB-1                                                 26 JUN 91

         SUBJECT: Task Force 2-i6 Infantry Valorous Unit Award Nomination
                  Application: Enemy Situation Report
        iu&. This recounting of the enemy situation during Operation Desert
          torm is divided into three phases. Each phase deals with enemy
         strengths, disposition, and activities as they affected the task
         force during the three different time periods of the operation.

              PHASE I - 16 JAN 91 to i4 FEB 9i
        (L4-  TF 2-16 Location: TAA Roosevelt and travel to FAA
       (U)ao Disposition and Composition: An Iraqi U/I infantry division
         was conducting a deliberate defense in sector west of the NT 93
         E-W grid line..The enemy was defending in depth by positioning
         reconnaissance, infantry, armor and possibly artillery assets
         into a security zone from the Saudi-Iraqi border to approximately
         20 toms north to his main defensive belt.
     (U) b. Strength: The exact enemy strength at this time was unknown,
         but it was estimated to be well above combat effective status,
         somewhere near SO% or higheri Committed forces in the 2-16 sector
         were two infantry brigades, with reinforcements coming from the
         division's augmenting talni, company (T-59s) and the U/I ID's third
         brigade.
      (U)c. Artillery: The U/I ID systems at this time ranged from small
         mortars to cannons. Each brigade had organic to it I D30
         Artillery battalion (18 tubes towed 122mm), and the division
         artillery consisted of at least one SS M 46 battalion (18 tubes
wed I'-KOmm). Potential direct fire engagements were expected. In
         addition to the artillery systems, the enemy had extensive mortar
         support for their infantry. This ranged from a 60 mm mortar
         section per company and 82 mm mortar battery per battalion to a
         120mm mortar battery per brigade.
     (U) d. Air: The air threat which could be directed at the Ist ID at
         that time was up to 8 fixed wing and 20-',KO rotary wing sorties
         per day.
      (Ur. @C, The Iraqi estimated NBC capability was very good. All of
         the artillery systems of 82mm and larger were considered chemical
         capable. 2-16 fully expected chemical weapons, if available, to
         be used on the breach site.
      (U),F- Anti-tanti The Iraqis were also thought to have a formidable
         antitank and anti-Bradley capability. Each company was to have
         had a section of recoilless rifles (2 82mm), and each battalion    a
         platoon of recoilless rifles (4 or 6 106mm). In addition, each
         squad was equipped with 2 RP(3-7s. (-94 per bn)
         g. Recent and Present Significant Activities: One of the most
  (U) )Important indicators was the absence of construction activity to
         build an extensive obstacle belt in front of enemy front line
                                UNCLASSIFIED CLASSWMD BY: @MO@@, CU TO C@ G@F W@ DECLASSWICATION
                                               PRO@CT, S@J: @@W @ @LEASE OF CU @O@TION PERS@ G@F W@
                                               @TE@S ML@SSES, 25 NOV 1996
                   EE)NF'       L              @ASON: 1.5C
                                               DECLAS: O@R"-

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Document 17 f:/Week-27/BX001043/DECENTRALIZED INST BACKGROUND FILES 91/tf 2 16th inf vua nomination application enemy s:01029718422939
Control Fields 17
File Room = jul96_declassified
File Cabinet = Week-27
Box ID = BX001043
Unit = 1ST ID
Parent Organization = VII CORPS
Folder Title = DECENTRALIZED INST BACKGROUND FILES 91
Folder Seq # = 94
Subject = TF 2 16TH INF VUA NOMINATION APPLICATION ENEMY S
Document Seq # = 18
Document Date =
Scan Date =
Queued for Declassification = 01-JAN-1980
Short Term Referral = 01-JAN-1980
Long Term Referral = 01-JAN-1980
Permanent Referral = 01-JAN-1980
Non-Health Related Document = 01-JAN-1980
Declassified = 02-JAN-1997